Abstract

The use of optical transition radiation (OTR) for charged particle beam imaging is a well-established and commonly used technique. As such, simulations of the images expected from an arbitrary transverse beam profile are important in both the design of such OTR imaging systems and the analysis of the data. However OTR image simulations of high-energy, low-emittance particle beams, that are becoming commonplace within accelerator physics, can be extremely challenging to produce and limited in their account of practical factors. In this paper we systematically show how high-energy OTR image simulations can be carried out using low-energy parameters, whilst providing little deviation in the resulting transverse beam profiles. Simulations require significantly less resources and can be combined with further analysis techniques, which would otherwise be too costly to be practically viable. Using this methodology as a basis for OTR simulations, we present a new method of analyzing OTR transverse beam profile data for high-energy, low-emittance beams. In contrast to previous work, this algorithm includes the effects of a finite bandwidth and directly allows the inclusion of optical effects, such as chromatic aberration

Published by The Optical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.

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Corrections

11 July 2019: A correction was made to the copyright.


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References

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2018 (1)

2017 (1)

R. Kieffer, E. Bravin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Bergamaschi, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, M. Billing, J. Conway, J. Shanks, N. Terunuma, and L. Bobb, “Optical diffraction radiation for position monitoring of charged particle beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 402, 88–91 (2017).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

B. Bolzon, A. Aryshev, T. Aumeyr, S. Boogert, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, L. Nevay, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa, and C. Welsch, “Very high resolution optical transition radiation imaging system:Comparison between simulation and experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 082803 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

K. Kruchinin, A. Aryshev, P. Karataev, B. Bolzon, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Shevelev, S. T. Boogert, L. J. Nevay, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Sub-micrometer transverse beam size diagnostics using optical transition radiation,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 517, 012011 (2014).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

S. Casalbuoni, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, V. Arsov, and S. Wesch, “Ultrabroadband terahertz source and beamline based on coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 12, 030705, 1–13 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

D. Karlovets and A. Potylitsyn, “Transition radiation in the pre-wave zone for an oblique incidence of a particle on the flat target,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 266, 3738–3743 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. G. Shkvarunets and R. B. Fiorito, “Vector electromagnetic theory of transition and diffraction radiation with application to the measurement of longitudinal bunch size,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 11,012801 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

D. Xiang, W.-H. Huang, and Y.-Z. Lin, “Imaging of high-energy electron beam profile with optical diffraction radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10, 062801, 1–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Xiang and W. H. Huang, “Theoretical considerations on imaging of micron size electron beam with optical transition radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. A 570, 357–364 (2007).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

V. Verzilov, “Transition radiation in the pre-wave zone,” Phys. Lett. A 273, 135–140 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

M. Castellano, A. Cianchi, G. Orlandi, and V. A. Verzilov, “Effects of diffraction and target finite size on coherent transition radiation spectra in bunch length measurements,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 435, 297–307 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

A. Potylitsyn, “Transition radiation and diffraction radiation. Similarities and differences,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 145, 169–179 (1998).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

V. Ginzburg and V. Tsytovich, “Several problems of the theory of transition radiation and transition scattering,” Phys. Rep. 49, 1–89 (1979).
[Crossref]

Adolphsen, C.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Aicheler, M.

M. Aicheler, P. Burrows, M. Draper, T. Garvey, P. Lebrun, K. Peach, N. Phinney, H. Schmickler, D. Schulte, and N. Toge, “A Multi-TeV linear collider based on CLIC technology: CLIC Conceptual Design Report,” Tech. rep. (2012).

Akre, R.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Arsov, V.

S. Casalbuoni, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, V. Arsov, and S. Wesch, “Ultrabroadband terahertz source and beamline based on coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 12, 030705, 1–13 (2009).
[Crossref]

Aryshev, A.

B. Bolzon, A. Aryshev, T. Aumeyr, S. Boogert, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, L. Nevay, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa, and C. Welsch, “Very high resolution optical transition radiation imaging system:Comparison between simulation and experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 082803 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Kruchinin, A. Aryshev, P. Karataev, B. Bolzon, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Shevelev, S. T. Boogert, L. J. Nevay, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Sub-micrometer transverse beam size diagnostics using optical transition radiation,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 517, 012011 (2014).
[Crossref]

Aumeyr, T.

B. Bolzon, A. Aryshev, T. Aumeyr, S. Boogert, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, L. Nevay, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa, and C. Welsch, “Very high resolution optical transition radiation imaging system:Comparison between simulation and experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 082803 (2015).
[Crossref]

Barish, B.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Barone, M.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Bergamaschi, M.

R. Kieffer, E. Bravin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Bergamaschi, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, M. Billing, J. Conway, J. Shanks, N. Terunuma, and L. Bobb, “Optical diffraction radiation for position monitoring of charged particle beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 402, 88–91 (2017).
[Crossref]

Billing, M.

R. Kieffer, E. Bravin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Bergamaschi, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, M. Billing, J. Conway, J. Shanks, N. Terunuma, and L. Bobb, “Optical diffraction radiation for position monitoring of charged particle beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 402, 88–91 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bisesto, F. G.

Bobb, L.

R. Kieffer, E. Bravin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Bergamaschi, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, M. Billing, J. Conway, J. Shanks, N. Terunuma, and L. Bobb, “Optical diffraction radiation for position monitoring of charged particle beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 402, 88–91 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bolzon, B.

B. Bolzon, A. Aryshev, T. Aumeyr, S. Boogert, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, L. Nevay, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa, and C. Welsch, “Very high resolution optical transition radiation imaging system:Comparison between simulation and experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 082803 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Kruchinin, A. Aryshev, P. Karataev, B. Bolzon, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Shevelev, S. T. Boogert, L. J. Nevay, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Sub-micrometer transverse beam size diagnostics using optical transition radiation,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 517, 012011 (2014).
[Crossref]

Boogert, S.

B. Bolzon, A. Aryshev, T. Aumeyr, S. Boogert, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, L. Nevay, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa, and C. Welsch, “Very high resolution optical transition radiation imaging system:Comparison between simulation and experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 082803 (2015).
[Crossref]

Boogert, S. T.

K. Kruchinin, A. Aryshev, P. Karataev, B. Bolzon, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Shevelev, S. T. Boogert, L. J. Nevay, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Sub-micrometer transverse beam size diagnostics using optical transition radiation,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 517, 012011 (2014).
[Crossref]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics(Pergamon, 1975), 5th ed.

Brachmann, A.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Bravin, E.

R. Kieffer, E. Bravin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Bergamaschi, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, M. Billing, J. Conway, J. Shanks, N. Terunuma, and L. Bobb, “Optical diffraction radiation for position monitoring of charged particle beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 402, 88–91 (2017).
[Crossref]

Buesser, K.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Burrows, P.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

M. Aicheler, P. Burrows, M. Draper, T. Garvey, P. Lebrun, K. Peach, N. Phinney, H. Schmickler, D. Schulte, and N. Toge, “A Multi-TeV linear collider based on CLIC technology: CLIC Conceptual Design Report,” Tech. rep. (2012).

Carwardine, J.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Casalbuoni, S.

S. Casalbuoni, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, V. Arsov, and S. Wesch, “Ultrabroadband terahertz source and beamline based on coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 12, 030705, 1–13 (2009).
[Crossref]

Castellano, M.

F. G. Bisesto, M. Castellano, E. Chiadroni, and A. Cianchi, “Zemax simulations describing collective effects in transition and diffraction radiation,” Opt. Express 26, 5075–5082 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Castellano, A. Cianchi, G. Orlandi, and V. A. Verzilov, “Effects of diffraction and target finite size on coherent transition radiation spectra in bunch length measurements,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 435, 297–307 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chiadroni, E.

Cianchi, A.

F. G. Bisesto, M. Castellano, E. Chiadroni, and A. Cianchi, “Zemax simulations describing collective effects in transition and diffraction radiation,” Opt. Express 26, 5075–5082 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Castellano, A. Cianchi, G. Orlandi, and V. A. Verzilov, “Effects of diffraction and target finite size on coherent transition radiation spectra in bunch length measurements,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 435, 297–307 (1999).
[Crossref]

Clark, J.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Conway, J.

R. Kieffer, E. Bravin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Bergamaschi, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, M. Billing, J. Conway, J. Shanks, N. Terunuma, and L. Bobb, “Optical diffraction radiation for position monitoring of charged particle beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 402, 88–91 (2017).
[Crossref]

Decker, F.-J.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Ding, Y.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Dowell, D.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Draper, M.

M. Aicheler, P. Burrows, M. Draper, T. Garvey, P. Lebrun, K. Peach, N. Phinney, H. Schmickler, D. Schulte, and N. Toge, “A Multi-TeV linear collider based on CLIC technology: CLIC Conceptual Design Report,” Tech. rep. (2012).

Dugan, G.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Durand, H. M.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Elsen, E.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Emma, P.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Enomoto, A.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Fiorito, R. B.

A. G. Shkvarunets and R. B. Fiorito, “Vector electromagnetic theory of transition and diffraction radiation with application to the measurement of longitudinal bunch size,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 11,012801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Foster, B.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Frisch, J.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Fukuda, S.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Gai, W.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Garvey, T.

M. Aicheler, P. Burrows, M. Draper, T. Garvey, P. Lebrun, K. Peach, N. Phinney, H. Schmickler, D. Schulte, and N. Toge, “A Multi-TeV linear collider based on CLIC technology: CLIC Conceptual Design Report,” Tech. rep. (2012).

Gastal, M.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Geng, R.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Gilevich, S.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Ginsburg, C.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Ginzburg, V.

V. Ginzburg and V. Tsytovich, “Several problems of the theory of transition radiation and transition scattering,” Phys. Rep. 49, 1–89 (1979).
[Crossref]

Guiducci, S.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Harrison, M.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Hayano, H.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Hays, G.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Hecht, E.

E. Hecht, Optics(Addison Wesley, 1987), 2nd ed.

Hering, Ph.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Huang, W. H.

D. Xiang and W. H. Huang, “Theoretical considerations on imaging of micron size electron beam with optical transition radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. A 570, 357–364 (2007).
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Huang, W.-H.

D. Xiang, W.-H. Huang, and Y.-Z. Lin, “Imaging of high-energy electron beam profile with optical diffraction radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10, 062801, 1–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

Huang, Z.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Iverson, R.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Jackson, J. D.

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics(John Wiley and Sons, 1998), 3rd ed.

Karataev, P.

R. Kieffer, E. Bravin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Bergamaschi, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, M. Billing, J. Conway, J. Shanks, N. Terunuma, and L. Bobb, “Optical diffraction radiation for position monitoring of charged particle beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 402, 88–91 (2017).
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B. Bolzon, A. Aryshev, T. Aumeyr, S. Boogert, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, L. Nevay, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa, and C. Welsch, “Very high resolution optical transition radiation imaging system:Comparison between simulation and experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 082803 (2015).
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K. Kruchinin, A. Aryshev, P. Karataev, B. Bolzon, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Shevelev, S. T. Boogert, L. J. Nevay, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Sub-micrometer transverse beam size diagnostics using optical transition radiation,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 517, 012011 (2014).
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Karlovets, D.

D. Karlovets and A. Potylitsyn, “Transition radiation in the pre-wave zone for an oblique incidence of a particle on the flat target,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 266, 3738–3743 (2008).
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Kershaw, K.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Kieffer, R.

R. Kieffer, E. Bravin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Bergamaschi, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, M. Billing, J. Conway, J. Shanks, N. Terunuma, and L. Bobb, “Optical diffraction radiation for position monitoring of charged particle beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 402, 88–91 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kruchinin, K.

R. Kieffer, E. Bravin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Bergamaschi, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, M. Billing, J. Conway, J. Shanks, N. Terunuma, and L. Bobb, “Optical diffraction radiation for position monitoring of charged particle beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 402, 88–91 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Bolzon, A. Aryshev, T. Aumeyr, S. Boogert, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, L. Nevay, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa, and C. Welsch, “Very high resolution optical transition radiation imaging system:Comparison between simulation and experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 082803 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Kruchinin, A. Aryshev, P. Karataev, B. Bolzon, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Shevelev, S. T. Boogert, L. J. Nevay, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Sub-micrometer transverse beam size diagnostics using optical transition radiation,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 517, 012011 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kube, G.

G. Kube, “Imaging with Optical Transition Radiation, Transverse Beam Diagnostics for the XFEL,” DESY Report: TESLA-FEL200801 (2008).

Kubo, K.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Kuchler, V.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Lebrun, P.

M. Aicheler, P. Burrows, M. Draper, T. Garvey, P. Lebrun, K. Peach, N. Phinney, H. Schmickler, D. Schulte, and N. Toge, “A Multi-TeV linear collider based on CLIC technology: CLIC Conceptual Design Report,” Tech. rep. (2012).

Lefevre, T.

R. Kieffer, E. Bravin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Bergamaschi, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, M. Billing, J. Conway, J. Shanks, N. Terunuma, and L. Bobb, “Optical diffraction radiation for position monitoring of charged particle beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 402, 88–91 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Bolzon, A. Aryshev, T. Aumeyr, S. Boogert, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, L. Nevay, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa, and C. Welsch, “Very high resolution optical transition radiation imaging system:Comparison between simulation and experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 082803 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Kruchinin, A. Aryshev, P. Karataev, B. Bolzon, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Shevelev, S. T. Boogert, L. J. Nevay, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Sub-micrometer transverse beam size diagnostics using optical transition radiation,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 517, 012011 (2014).
[Crossref]

Limborg-Deprey, C.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Lin, Y.-Z.

D. Xiang, W.-H. Huang, and Y.-Z. Lin, “Imaging of high-energy electron beam profile with optical diffraction radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10, 062801, 1–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

List, B.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Liu, W.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Loos, H.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Mazzoni, S.

R. Kieffer, E. Bravin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Bergamaschi, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, M. Billing, J. Conway, J. Shanks, N. Terunuma, and L. Bobb, “Optical diffraction radiation for position monitoring of charged particle beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 402, 88–91 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Bolzon, A. Aryshev, T. Aumeyr, S. Boogert, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, L. Nevay, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa, and C. Welsch, “Very high resolution optical transition radiation imaging system:Comparison between simulation and experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 082803 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Kruchinin, A. Aryshev, P. Karataev, B. Bolzon, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Shevelev, S. T. Boogert, L. J. Nevay, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Sub-micrometer transverse beam size diagnostics using optical transition radiation,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 517, 012011 (2014).
[Crossref]

Miahnahri, A.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Michizono, S.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Molloy, S.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Nantista, C.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Nevay, L.

B. Bolzon, A. Aryshev, T. Aumeyr, S. Boogert, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, L. Nevay, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa, and C. Welsch, “Very high resolution optical transition radiation imaging system:Comparison between simulation and experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 082803 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nevay, L. J.

K. Kruchinin, A. Aryshev, P. Karataev, B. Bolzon, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Shevelev, S. T. Boogert, L. J. Nevay, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Sub-micrometer transverse beam size diagnostics using optical transition radiation,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 517, 012011 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nuhn, H.-D.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Orlandi, G.

M. Castellano, A. Cianchi, G. Orlandi, and V. A. Verzilov, “Effects of diffraction and target finite size on coherent transition radiation spectra in bunch length measurements,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 435, 297–307 (1999).
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Osborne, J.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Palmer, M.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Paterson, J. M.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Peach, K.

M. Aicheler, P. Burrows, M. Draper, T. Garvey, P. Lebrun, K. Peach, N. Phinney, H. Schmickler, D. Schulte, and N. Toge, “A Multi-TeV linear collider based on CLIC technology: CLIC Conceptual Design Report,” Tech. rep. (2012).

Peterson, T.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Phinney, N.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

M. Aicheler, P. Burrows, M. Draper, T. Garvey, P. Lebrun, K. Peach, N. Phinney, H. Schmickler, D. Schulte, and N. Toge, “A Multi-TeV linear collider based on CLIC technology: CLIC Conceptual Design Report,” Tech. rep. (2012).

Pierini, P.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Potylitsyn, A.

D. Karlovets and A. Potylitsyn, “Transition radiation in the pre-wave zone for an oblique incidence of a particle on the flat target,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 266, 3738–3743 (2008).
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A. Potylitsyn, “Transition radiation and diffraction radiation. Similarities and differences,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 145, 169–179 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ratner, D.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Ross, M.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Rubin, D.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Schmickler, H.

M. Aicheler, P. Burrows, M. Draper, T. Garvey, P. Lebrun, K. Peach, N. Phinney, H. Schmickler, D. Schulte, and N. Toge, “A Multi-TeV linear collider based on CLIC technology: CLIC Conceptual Design Report,” Tech. rep. (2012).

Schmidt, B.

S. Casalbuoni, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, V. Arsov, and S. Wesch, “Ultrabroadband terahertz source and beamline based on coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 12, 030705, 1–13 (2009).
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Schmüser, P.

S. Casalbuoni, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, V. Arsov, and S. Wesch, “Ultrabroadband terahertz source and beamline based on coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 12, 030705, 1–13 (2009).
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Schulte, D.

M. Aicheler, P. Burrows, M. Draper, T. Garvey, P. Lebrun, K. Peach, N. Phinney, H. Schmickler, D. Schulte, and N. Toge, “A Multi-TeV linear collider based on CLIC technology: CLIC Conceptual Design Report,” Tech. rep. (2012).

Seryi, A.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Shanks, J.

R. Kieffer, E. Bravin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Bergamaschi, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, M. Billing, J. Conway, J. Shanks, N. Terunuma, and L. Bobb, “Optical diffraction radiation for position monitoring of charged particle beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 402, 88–91 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sheppard, J.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Shevelev, M.

B. Bolzon, A. Aryshev, T. Aumeyr, S. Boogert, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, L. Nevay, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa, and C. Welsch, “Very high resolution optical transition radiation imaging system:Comparison between simulation and experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 082803 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Kruchinin, A. Aryshev, P. Karataev, B. Bolzon, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Shevelev, S. T. Boogert, L. J. Nevay, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Sub-micrometer transverse beam size diagnostics using optical transition radiation,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 517, 012011 (2014).
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Shkvarunets, A. G.

A. G. Shkvarunets and R. B. Fiorito, “Vector electromagnetic theory of transition and diffraction radiation with application to the measurement of longitudinal bunch size,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 11,012801 (2008).
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Solyak, N.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Stapnes, S.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Tauchi, T.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Ter-Mikaelian, M. L.

M. L. Ter-Mikaelian, High Energy Electromagnetic Processes in Condensed Media(Wiley-Interscience, 1972).

Terunuma, N.

R. Kieffer, E. Bravin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Bergamaschi, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, M. Billing, J. Conway, J. Shanks, N. Terunuma, and L. Bobb, “Optical diffraction radiation for position monitoring of charged particle beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 402, 88–91 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Bolzon, A. Aryshev, T. Aumeyr, S. Boogert, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, L. Nevay, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa, and C. Welsch, “Very high resolution optical transition radiation imaging system:Comparison between simulation and experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 082803 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Kruchinin, A. Aryshev, P. Karataev, B. Bolzon, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Shevelev, S. T. Boogert, L. J. Nevay, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Sub-micrometer transverse beam size diagnostics using optical transition radiation,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 517, 012011 (2014).
[Crossref]

Toge, N.

M. Aicheler, P. Burrows, M. Draper, T. Garvey, P. Lebrun, K. Peach, N. Phinney, H. Schmickler, D. Schulte, and N. Toge, “A Multi-TeV linear collider based on CLIC technology: CLIC Conceptual Design Report,” Tech. rep. (2012).

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Tsytovich, V.

V. Ginzburg and V. Tsytovich, “Several problems of the theory of transition radiation and transition scattering,” Phys. Rep. 49, 1–89 (1979).
[Crossref]

Turner, J.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Urakawa, J.

B. Bolzon, A. Aryshev, T. Aumeyr, S. Boogert, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, L. Nevay, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa, and C. Welsch, “Very high resolution optical transition radiation imaging system:Comparison between simulation and experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 082803 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Kruchinin, A. Aryshev, P. Karataev, B. Bolzon, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Shevelev, S. T. Boogert, L. J. Nevay, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Sub-micrometer transverse beam size diagnostics using optical transition radiation,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 517, 012011 (2014).
[Crossref]

Verzilov, V.

V. Verzilov, “Transition radiation in the pre-wave zone,” Phys. Lett. A 273, 135–140 (2000).
[Crossref]

Verzilov, V. A.

M. Castellano, A. Cianchi, G. Orlandi, and V. A. Verzilov, “Effects of diffraction and target finite size on coherent transition radiation spectra in bunch length measurements,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 435, 297–307 (1999).
[Crossref]

Walker, N.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Welch, J.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Welsch, C.

B. Bolzon, A. Aryshev, T. Aumeyr, S. Boogert, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, L. Nevay, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa, and C. Welsch, “Very high resolution optical transition radiation imaging system:Comparison between simulation and experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 082803 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wesch, S.

S. Casalbuoni, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, V. Arsov, and S. Wesch, “Ultrabroadband terahertz source and beamline based on coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 12, 030705, 1–13 (2009).
[Crossref]

White, W.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics(Pergamon, 1975), 5th ed.

Wu, J.

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

Xiang, D.

D. Xiang, W.-H. Huang, and Y.-Z. Lin, “Imaging of high-energy electron beam profile with optical diffraction radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10, 062801, 1–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Xiang and W. H. Huang, “Theoretical considerations on imaging of micron size electron beam with optical transition radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. A 570, 357–364 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, A.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

Yokoya, K.

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

ZEMAX, Radiant

Radiant ZEMAX, Zemax OpticStudio 16.5, User’s Manual(Zemax2017).

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

K. Kruchinin, A. Aryshev, P. Karataev, B. Bolzon, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Shevelev, S. T. Boogert, L. J. Nevay, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Sub-micrometer transverse beam size diagnostics using optical transition radiation,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 517, 012011 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

M. Castellano, A. Cianchi, G. Orlandi, and V. A. Verzilov, “Effects of diffraction and target finite size on coherent transition radiation spectra in bunch length measurements,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 435, 297–307 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. A (1)

D. Xiang and W. H. Huang, “Theoretical considerations on imaging of micron size electron beam with optical transition radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. A 570, 357–364 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B (3)

D. Karlovets and A. Potylitsyn, “Transition radiation in the pre-wave zone for an oblique incidence of a particle on the flat target,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 266, 3738–3743 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Kieffer, E. Bravin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, M. Bergamaschi, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, M. Billing, J. Conway, J. Shanks, N. Terunuma, and L. Bobb, “Optical diffraction radiation for position monitoring of charged particle beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 402, 88–91 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Potylitsyn, “Transition radiation and diffraction radiation. Similarities and differences,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. B 145, 169–179 (1998).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

V. Verzilov, “Transition radiation in the pre-wave zone,” Phys. Lett. A 273, 135–140 (2000).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rep. (1)

V. Ginzburg and V. Tsytovich, “Several problems of the theory of transition radiation and transition scattering,” Phys. Rep. 49, 1–89 (1979).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams (4)

S. Casalbuoni, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, V. Arsov, and S. Wesch, “Ultrabroadband terahertz source and beamline based on coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 12, 030705, 1–13 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Bolzon, A. Aryshev, T. Aumeyr, S. Boogert, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, T. Lefevre, S. Mazzoni, L. Nevay, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa, and C. Welsch, “Very high resolution optical transition radiation imaging system:Comparison between simulation and experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 082803 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Xiang, W.-H. Huang, and Y.-Z. Lin, “Imaging of high-energy electron beam profile with optical diffraction radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10, 062801, 1–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. G. Shkvarunets and R. B. Fiorito, “Vector electromagnetic theory of transition and diffraction radiation with application to the measurement of longitudinal bunch size,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 11,012801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Other (10)

M. L. Ter-Mikaelian, High Energy Electromagnetic Processes in Condensed Media(Wiley-Interscience, 1972).

E. Hecht, Optics(Addison Wesley, 1987), 2nd ed.

M. Aicheler, P. Burrows, M. Draper, T. Garvey, P. Lebrun, K. Peach, N. Phinney, H. Schmickler, D. Schulte, and N. Toge, “A Multi-TeV linear collider based on CLIC technology: CLIC Conceptual Design Report,” Tech. rep. (2012).

C. Adolphsen, M. Barone, B. Barish, K. Buesser, P. Burrows, J. Carwardine, J. Clark, H. M. Durand, G. Dugan, E. Elsen, A. Enomoto, B. Foster, S. Fukuda, W. Gai, M. Gastal, R. Geng, C. Ginsburg, S. Guiducci, M. Harrison, H. Hayano, K. Kershaw, K. Kubo, V. Kuchler, B. List, W. Liu, S. Michizono, C. Nantista, J. Osborne, M. Palmer, J. M. Paterson, T. Peterson, N. Phinney, P. Pierini, M. Ross, D. Rubin, A. Seryi, J. Sheppard, N. Solyak, S. Stapnes, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, N. Walker, A. Yamamoto, and K. Yokoya, “The International Linear Collider: Technical Design Report, Volume 3.II: Accelerator Baseline Design,” Tech. rep. (2013).

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H.-D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, and D. Ratner, “Observation of Coherent Optical Transition Radiation in the LCLS Linac,” in Proceedings of the 30th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Gyeongju, Korea, 24–29 Aug. 2008.

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics(John Wiley and Sons, 1998), 3rd ed.

G. Kube, “Imaging with Optical Transition Radiation, Transverse Beam Diagnostics for the XFEL,” DESY Report: TESLA-FEL200801 (2008).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics(Pergamon, 1975), 5th ed.

Radiant ZEMAX, Zemax OpticStudio 16.5, User’s Manual(Zemax2017).

Thorlabs, “Supplier of optics and opto-mechanical equipment,” www.thorlabs.com .

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Diagram representing the simple ideal lens set-up used in both theory and ZOS simulations. a is the object distance and b is the image distance, with 1 / f = 1 / a + 1 / b where f is the focal length of the ideal lens. The subscripts s, a and i indicate the plane on the source, the plane at a distance a and the plane on the image respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Comparison of single electron OTR angular distributions from ZOS and theory. Figure 2a is the comparison of distributions in the near-field. Figure 2b is the comparison of distributions in the far-field. The different distances from the source are in units of γ 2 λ / 2 π , the formation length of OTR.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Comparison of spectral OTR SPF from ZOS and theory. These distributions were produced using λ = 550nm, electron energy E = 300 MeV and θ m = 83.3 mrad.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Comparison of the OTR SPF from an ideal lens imaging system, for a 30 GeV electron and a 0.3 GeV electron.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Comparison of an OTR image of a 1nC, 0.5 μ m Gaussian beam from an ideal imaging system with a 40nm flat-top bandwidth, for 30 GeV and 0.3 GeV electrons.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The percentage variation with energy in the visibility produced in an OTR image by a 0.5 μ m Gaussian electron beam, in comparison to an energy of 1.3 GeV (γ = 2544). Produced using Eq. (4).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Comparison of ZOS results for single wavelength and bandwidth simulations of a 3 μ m transverse beam using a singlet lens (Thorlabs - LA1050-A-ML [21]).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Flowchart depicting the processes followed throughout the OTR analysis algorithm. Δ λ is the bandwidth used and σ is the transverse beam size entered into the transverse profile model.

Equations (6)

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E ( x s , y s ) s = q α ( 2 π ) 3 / 2 v ϵ 0 ( x s , y s ) r s K 1 ( α r s ) ,
E ( x a , y a ) a = q α 2 π ϵ 0 v λ a e i k a e i k 2 a r a 2 ( x a , y a ) r a 0 d r s r s K 1 ( α r s ) J 1 ( k r a r s a ) e i k 2 a r s 2
E ( x i , y i ) i = 2 π q α ρ l v λ 2 a b ϵ 0 e i k ( a + b ) e i k 2 b r i 2 ( x i , y i ) r i f i ( r s , a , b , α , ρ l ) f i = 0 d r s r s K 1 ( α r s ) e i k 2 a r s 2 ( k r i b ) 2 ( k r s a ) 2 [ k r s a J 1 ( k ρ l r i b ) J 0 ( k ρ l r s a ) k r i b J 0 ( k ρ l r i b ) J 1 ( k ρ l r s a ) ]
d 2 U p ( r i , ν ) d ν d r = 2 μ 0 c ( | E x i i | 2 + | E y i i | 2 ) ,
d U b ( r i ) d r i = S ( r i ) d U p ( r i τ ) d r i d τ ,
d U p ( r i ) d r = Δ ν T ( ν ) d 2 U p ( r i , ν ) d ν d r d ν ,

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