Abstract

Theoretical study of arrays of graphene ribbons is currently of high interest due to its potential application in beam splitters, absorbers, and polarizers. In this paper, an analytical method is presented for diffraction analysis of graphene ribbon arrays. Previous analytical studies were carried out in the regime where the lateral separation between the ribbons is much smaller than the wavelength of the incident wave. As such, they cannot be used to calculate the reflection coefficients of higher diffracted orders. In contrast, the method proposed here can predict the electromagnetic response of graphene ribbon arrays even when the array constant is larger than the wavelength. To reach our results, we first derive an analytical expression for the surface density of the electric current induced on the ribbons by an incident, transverse-magnetic, plane wave. Next, closed-form and analytical expressions are obtained for the reflection coefficients of the zeroth and higher diffracted orders. The results are in excellent agreement with those obtained from full-wave simulations. The method presented facilitates the design of tunable gratings with many potential applications in the terahertz regime and optics.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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