Abstract

A feasibility study was performed to assess whether near infrared spectroscopy could evaluate the salt content of curry soup containing coconut milk. The soup samples were from the mixing tank, a water content adjusted tank, the ultra-high temperature pipe, and laminated containers of a food processor plant. In addition, fish sauce adjusted samples made from the same recipe but with increasing or decreasing (±30%, 60%, and 90%) sauce content were prepared. There were 113 samples in total, which were scanned using a Fourier-transform near infrared spectrometer. The prediction models for salt content were established using near infrared spectral data in conjunction with partial least squares regression. Calibration models developed using all of the samples were validated using leave-one-out cross validation and test set validation. The unadjusted sample models were validated using test set validation. The results showed that both validation methods for the calibration models using all of the samples provided similar model performance where the r2, root mean square error of calibration/root mean square error of prediction, and residual predictive deviation were 0.956, 0.065%, and 4.77 for cross validation and 0.954, 0.064%, and 4.64 for the test set, respectively. However, the salt unadjusted sample model showed better performance where the r2, RMSEP, and RPD were respectively 0.963, 0.043%, and 5.23, indicating that excellent models can be developed to determine the salt content of curry soup containing coconut milk for any applications, including quality assurance.

© 2018 The Author(s)

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