In this paper, the influence of temperature on the luminance of an organic light-emitting device (OLED) display is investigated. Luminance, temperature, and power measurements are executed on a 55-in white–red–green–blue active-matrix OLED display with a resolution of 1920 $\times$ 1080 and an oxide-thin-film-transistor (TFT) backplane, under a controlled, static temperature environment. The measurements indicate a strong influence of temperature on the luminance of the display, resulting from the temperature dependence of both the TFT and the OLED. The influence of temperature on the luminance of an OLED display is also investigated in a dynamic context. Measurements show that temperature changes resulting from losses in the display have an important influence on the luminance stability of the display. The measurements linking luminance and temperature in a static temperature environment allow estimating the change in luminance in a dynamic context. Finally, this paper presents the results of a number of experiments that were set up to show scenarios in which the temperature dependence of the display's luminance has a direct negative impact on the picture quality of the display. The results of this work show that the thermal behavior of an OLED display must be taken into account when working towards a high-performing OLED display.
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