Abstract

Circular dichroism (CD) of metasurfaces has been used in biological monitoring, analytical chemistry, and perfect polarization converters. In this work, a metasurface consisting of nanoholes and tilted nanorods is proposed to achieve the CD effect. Numerical calculations show that electrical current forms between the film and the tilted nanorods under circularly polarized light illumination, and CD effects originate from the coupling between the current oscillations at the film and those on the tilted nanorods. This electrical oscillation mode provides unique coupling mechanisms for the CD effect. In addition, CD is strongly dependent on the structural parameters, and the resonant modes can be tuned by modulating the currents on the film. These results are helpful for designing novel chiral optical structures and provide unique methods for circular polarizers.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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