Abstract

High efficiency continuous-wave laser operation of an in-house made Nd:Y2O3 ceramic was demonstrated. The Nd:Y2O3 laser ceramic was fabricated by vacuum sintering plus the hot isostatic pressing process, whose in-line transmittance reaches 81.6% at the wavelength of 1000 nm. The 1.08 and 1.36 µm CW laser oscillation of an uncoated ceramic sample was experimentally investigated. Both achieved the highest slope efficiency and output power so far reported for the Nd:Y2O3 ceramic lasers. For the operation of 4F3/2-4I11/2 transitions, simultaneous oscillations at 1074.6 nm and 1078.8 nm were observed. At an absorbed pump power of 7.0 W, a maximum output power of 3.01 W was obtained with a slope efficiency of 49.6%. For the laser operation of 4F3/2-4I13/2 transitions, a 1.68 W single wavelength at 1357.7 nm with the slope efficiency of 29.3% was achieved at the absorbed pump power of 6.7 W.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
  6. C. Xu, C. Yang, H. Zhang, Y. Duan, H. Zhu, D. Tang, H. Huang, and J. Zhang, “Efficient laser operation based on transparent Nd:Lu2O3 ceramic fabricated by Spark Plasma Sintering,” Opt. Express 24(18), 20571–20579 (2016).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  18. L. An, A. Ito, and T. Goto, “Fabrication of Transparent Lutetium Oxide by Spark Plasma Sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(3), 695–698 (2011).
    [Crossref]
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  21. X. R. Zhang, G. F. Fan, X. H. Wang, W. Lei, L. Fei, and W. Z. Lu, “Effects of sintering parameters and Nd doping on the microwave dielectric properties of Y2O3 ceramics,” Ceram. Int. 42(7), 7962–7967 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  22. L. Gan, Y. J. Park, H. Kim, J. M. Kim, J. W. Ko, and J. W. Lee, “Fabrication and microstructure of hot pressed laminated Y2O3/Nd:Y2O3/Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 36(3), 911–916 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  23. B. Goswami, N. Rani, and R. Ahlawat, “Structural and optical investigations of Nd3+ doped Y2O3-SiO2 nanopowder,” J. Alloys Compd. 730(1), 450–457 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  24. J. Wang, Y. G. Zhao, D. Yin, P. Liu, J. Ma, Y. Wang, D. Y. Shen, Z. L. Dong, L. B. Kong, and D. Y. Tang, “Holmium doped yttria transparent ceramics for 2-μm solid state lasers,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 38(4), 1986–1989 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  25. Y. Nigara, “Measurement of the optical constants of yttrium oxide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 7(4), 404–408 (1968).
    [Crossref]
  26. D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. A 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

B. Goswami, N. Rani, and R. Ahlawat, “Structural and optical investigations of Nd3+ doped Y2O3-SiO2 nanopowder,” J. Alloys Compd. 730(1), 450–457 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, Y. G. Zhao, D. Yin, P. Liu, J. Ma, Y. Wang, D. Y. Shen, Z. L. Dong, L. B. Kong, and D. Y. Tang, “Holmium doped yttria transparent ceramics for 2-μm solid state lasers,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 38(4), 1986–1989 (2018).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

X. R. Zhang, G. F. Fan, X. H. Wang, W. Lei, L. Fei, and W. Z. Lu, “Effects of sintering parameters and Nd doping on the microwave dielectric properties of Y2O3 ceramics,” Ceram. Int. 42(7), 7962–7967 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Gan, Y. J. Park, H. Kim, J. M. Kim, J. W. Ko, and J. W. Lee, “Fabrication and microstructure of hot pressed laminated Y2O3/Nd:Y2O3/Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 36(3), 911–916 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Xu, C. Yang, H. Zhang, Y. Duan, H. Zhu, D. Tang, H. Huang, and J. Zhang, “Efficient laser operation based on transparent Nd:Lu2O3 ceramic fabricated by Spark Plasma Sintering,” Opt. Express 24(18), 20571–20579 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

2014 (1)

S. Satapathy, A. Ahlawat, A. Paliwal, R. Singh, M. K. Singh, and P. K. Gupta, “Effect of calcination temperature on nanoparticle morphology and its consequence on optical properties of Nd:Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” CrystEngComm 16(13), 2723–2731 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

L. Hao, K. Wu, H. Cong, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, and J. Wang, “Spectroscopy and laser performance of Nd:Lu2O3 crystal,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17774–17779 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. An, A. Ito, and T. Goto, “Fabrication of Transparent Lutetium Oxide by Spark Plasma Sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(3), 695–698 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

S. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

H. Yoshida, K. Morita, B. N. Kim, K. Hiraga, M. Kodo, K. Soga, and T. Yamamoto, “Densification of nanocrystalline yttria by low temperature spark plasma sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(5), 1707–1710 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

J. Kong, J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped Yb:Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(16), 2556–2558 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

2001 (1)

J. Lu, J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+:Y2O3 Ceramic Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2), L1277–L1279 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “New oxide crystals for solid state lasers,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 34(2), 255–260 (1999).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and Optical Properties of High-Performance Polycrystalline Nd:YAG Ceramics for Solid-State Lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

Y. Nigara, “Measurement of the optical constants of yttrium oxide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 7(4), 404–408 (1968).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

P. H. Klein and W. J. Croft, “Thermal Conductivity, Diffusivity, and Expansion of Y2O3, Y3 Al5O12, and LaF3 in the Range 77°–300°K,” J. Appl. Phys. 38(4), 1603–1607 (1967).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. A 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

R. H. Hoskins and B. H. Soffer, “Stimulated emission from Y2O3:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 4(1), 22–23 (1964).
[Crossref]

Aggarwal, I.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahlawat, A.

S. Satapathy, A. Ahlawat, A. Paliwal, R. Singh, M. K. Singh, and P. K. Gupta, “Effect of calcination temperature on nanoparticle morphology and its consequence on optical properties of Nd:Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” CrystEngComm 16(13), 2723–2731 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ahlawat, R.

B. Goswami, N. Rani, and R. Ahlawat, “Structural and optical investigations of Nd3+ doped Y2O3-SiO2 nanopowder,” J. Alloys Compd. 730(1), 450–457 (2018).
[Crossref]

An, L.

L. An, A. Ito, and T. Goto, “Fabrication of Transparent Lutetium Oxide by Spark Plasma Sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(3), 695–698 (2011).
[Crossref]

Anderson, J. M.

S. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Aung, Y. L.

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[Crossref]

Baker, C.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barnes, N. P.

Bolz, A.

V. Peters, A. Bolz, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Growth of high-melting sesquioxides by the heat exchanger Method,” J. Cryst. Growth 237(1), 879–883 (2002).
[Crossref]

Clay, R. A.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. A 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
[Crossref]

Cong, H.

Croft, W. J.

P. H. Klein and W. J. Croft, “Thermal Conductivity, Diffusivity, and Expansion of Y2O3, Y3 Al5O12, and LaF3 in the Range 77°–300°K,” J. Appl. Phys. 38(4), 1603–1607 (1967).
[Crossref]

Dickey, E. C.

S. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dong, Z. L.

J. Wang, Y. G. Zhao, D. Yin, P. Liu, J. Ma, Y. Wang, D. Y. Shen, Z. L. Dong, L. B. Kong, and D. Y. Tang, “Holmium doped yttria transparent ceramics for 2-μm solid state lasers,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 38(4), 1986–1989 (2018).
[Crossref]

Duan, Y.

Duan, Y. M.

Dumm, J. Q.

S. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Edwards, W. C.

Equall, R. W.

Fan, G. F.

X. R. Zhang, G. F. Fan, X. H. Wang, W. Lei, L. Fei, and W. Z. Lu, “Effects of sintering parameters and Nd doping on the microwave dielectric properties of Y2O3 ceramics,” Ceram. Int. 42(7), 7962–7967 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fei, L.

X. R. Zhang, G. F. Fan, X. H. Wang, W. Lei, L. Fei, and W. Z. Lu, “Effects of sintering parameters and Nd doping on the microwave dielectric properties of Y2O3 ceramics,” Ceram. Int. 42(7), 7962–7967 (2016).
[Crossref]

Findlay, D.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. A 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
[Crossref]

Fornasiero, L.

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “New oxide crystals for solid state lasers,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 34(2), 255–260 (1999).
[Crossref]

Frantz, J.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gan, L.

L. Gan, Y. J. Park, H. Kim, J. M. Kim, J. W. Ko, and J. W. Lee, “Fabrication and microstructure of hot pressed laminated Y2O3/Nd:Y2O3/Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 36(3), 911–916 (2016).
[Crossref]

Goswami, B.

B. Goswami, N. Rani, and R. Ahlawat, “Structural and optical investigations of Nd3+ doped Y2O3-SiO2 nanopowder,” J. Alloys Compd. 730(1), 450–457 (2018).
[Crossref]

Goto, T.

L. An, A. Ito, and T. Goto, “Fabrication of Transparent Lutetium Oxide by Spark Plasma Sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(3), 695–698 (2011).
[Crossref]

Griebner, U.

Gupta, P. K.

S. Satapathy, A. Ahlawat, A. Paliwal, R. Singh, M. K. Singh, and P. K. Gupta, “Effect of calcination temperature on nanoparticle morphology and its consequence on optical properties of Nd:Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” CrystEngComm 16(13), 2723–2731 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hao, L.

Hiraga, K.

H. Yoshida, K. Morita, B. N. Kim, K. Hiraga, M. Kodo, K. Soga, and T. Yamamoto, “Densification of nanocrystalline yttria by low temperature spark plasma sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(5), 1707–1710 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hoskins, R. H.

R. H. Hoskins and B. H. Soffer, “Stimulated emission from Y2O3:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 4(1), 22–23 (1964).
[Crossref]

Huang, H.

Huber, G.

V. Peters, A. Bolz, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Growth of high-melting sesquioxides by the heat exchanger Method,” J. Cryst. Growth 237(1), 879–883 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “New oxide crystals for solid state lasers,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 34(2), 255–260 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hutcheson, R. L.

Ikesue, A.

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and Optical Properties of High-Performance Polycrystalline Nd:YAG Ceramics for Solid-State Lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ito, A.

L. An, A. Ito, and T. Goto, “Fabrication of Transparent Lutetium Oxide by Spark Plasma Sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(3), 695–698 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kamata, K.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and Optical Properties of High-Performance Polycrystalline Nd:YAG Ceramics for Solid-State Lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kaminskii, A. A.

Y. L. Ye, H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, Z. H. Shao, D. W. Luo, J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous-wave laser operation of Nd:LuAG ceramic with 4F3/2→4I11/2 transition,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 611–616 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Kong, J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped Yb:Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(16), 2556–2558 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+:Y2O3 Ceramic Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2), L1277–L1279 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kim, B. N.

H. Yoshida, K. Morita, B. N. Kim, K. Hiraga, M. Kodo, K. Soga, and T. Yamamoto, “Densification of nanocrystalline yttria by low temperature spark plasma sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(5), 1707–1710 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

L. Gan, Y. J. Park, H. Kim, J. M. Kim, J. W. Ko, and J. W. Lee, “Fabrication and microstructure of hot pressed laminated Y2O3/Nd:Y2O3/Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 36(3), 911–916 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. M.

L. Gan, Y. J. Park, H. Kim, J. M. Kim, J. W. Ko, and J. W. Lee, “Fabrication and microstructure of hot pressed laminated Y2O3/Nd:Y2O3/Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 36(3), 911–916 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, W.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kinoshita, T.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and Optical Properties of High-Performance Polycrystalline Nd:YAG Ceramics for Solid-State Lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

Klein, P. H.

P. H. Klein and W. J. Croft, “Thermal Conductivity, Diffusivity, and Expansion of Y2O3, Y3 Al5O12, and LaF3 in the Range 77°–300°K,” J. Appl. Phys. 38(4), 1603–1607 (1967).
[Crossref]

Ko, J. W.

L. Gan, Y. J. Park, H. Kim, J. M. Kim, J. W. Ko, and J. W. Lee, “Fabrication and microstructure of hot pressed laminated Y2O3/Nd:Y2O3/Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 36(3), 911–916 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kodo, M.

H. Yoshida, K. Morita, B. N. Kim, K. Hiraga, M. Kodo, K. Soga, and T. Yamamoto, “Densification of nanocrystalline yttria by low temperature spark plasma sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(5), 1707–1710 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kong, J.

J. Kong, J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped Yb:Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(16), 2556–2558 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kong, L. B.

J. Wang, Y. G. Zhao, D. Yin, P. Liu, J. Ma, Y. Wang, D. Y. Shen, Z. L. Dong, L. B. Kong, and D. Y. Tang, “Holmium doped yttria transparent ceramics for 2-μm solid state lasers,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 38(4), 1986–1989 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kupp, E. R.

S. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. W.

L. Gan, Y. J. Park, H. Kim, J. M. Kim, J. W. Ko, and J. W. Lee, “Fabrication and microstructure of hot pressed laminated Y2O3/Nd:Y2O3/Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 36(3), 911–916 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

S. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lei, W.

X. R. Zhang, G. F. Fan, X. H. Wang, W. Lei, L. Fei, and W. Z. Lu, “Effects of sintering parameters and Nd doping on the microwave dielectric properties of Y2O3 ceramics,” Ceram. Int. 42(7), 7962–7967 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

S. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, P.

J. Wang, Y. G. Zhao, D. Yin, P. Liu, J. Ma, Y. Wang, D. Y. Shen, Z. L. Dong, L. B. Kong, and D. Y. Tang, “Holmium doped yttria transparent ceramics for 2-μm solid state lasers,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 38(4), 1986–1989 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lu, J.

J. Kong, J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped Yb:Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(16), 2556–2558 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+:Y2O3 Ceramic Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2), L1277–L1279 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+:Y2O3 Ceramic Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2), L1277–L1279 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lu, W. Z.

X. R. Zhang, G. F. Fan, X. H. Wang, W. Lei, L. Fei, and W. Z. Lu, “Effects of sintering parameters and Nd doping on the microwave dielectric properties of Y2O3 ceramics,” Ceram. Int. 42(7), 7962–7967 (2016).
[Crossref]

Luo, D. W.

Ma, J.

J. Wang, Y. G. Zhao, D. Yin, P. Liu, J. Ma, Y. Wang, D. Y. Shen, Z. L. Dong, L. B. Kong, and D. Y. Tang, “Holmium doped yttria transparent ceramics for 2-μm solid state lasers,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 38(4), 1986–1989 (2018).
[Crossref]

McMahon, J. M.

Messing, G. L.

S. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mix, E.

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “New oxide crystals for solid state lasers,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 34(2), 255–260 (1999).
[Crossref]

Morita, K.

H. Yoshida, K. Morita, B. N. Kim, K. Hiraga, M. Kodo, K. Soga, and T. Yamamoto, “Densification of nanocrystalline yttria by low temperature spark plasma sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(5), 1707–1710 (2008).
[Crossref]

Murai, T.

J. Lu, J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+:Y2O3 Ceramic Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2), L1277–L1279 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nigara, Y.

Y. Nigara, “Measurement of the optical constants of yttrium oxide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 7(4), 404–408 (1968).
[Crossref]

Paliwal, A.

S. Satapathy, A. Ahlawat, A. Paliwal, R. Singh, M. K. Singh, and P. K. Gupta, “Effect of calcination temperature on nanoparticle morphology and its consequence on optical properties of Nd:Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” CrystEngComm 16(13), 2723–2731 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pan, W.

L. Zhang and W. Pan, “Structural and Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Nd: Y2O3 Transparent Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(10), 3326–3331 (2015).
[Crossref]

Park, Y. J.

L. Gan, Y. J. Park, H. Kim, J. M. Kim, J. W. Ko, and J. W. Lee, “Fabrication and microstructure of hot pressed laminated Y2O3/Nd:Y2O3/Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 36(3), 911–916 (2016).
[Crossref]

Petermann, K.

U. Griebner, V. Petrov, K. Petermann, and V. Peters, “Passively mode-locked Yb:Lu2O3 laser,” Opt. Express 12(14), 3125–3130 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Peters, A. Bolz, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Growth of high-melting sesquioxides by the heat exchanger Method,” J. Cryst. Growth 237(1), 879–883 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “New oxide crystals for solid state lasers,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 34(2), 255–260 (1999).
[Crossref]

Peters, V.

U. Griebner, V. Petrov, K. Petermann, and V. Peters, “Passively mode-locked Yb:Lu2O3 laser,” Opt. Express 12(14), 3125–3130 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Peters, A. Bolz, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Growth of high-melting sesquioxides by the heat exchanger Method,” J. Cryst. Growth 237(1), 879–883 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “New oxide crystals for solid state lasers,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 34(2), 255–260 (1999).
[Crossref]

Petrov, V.

Quarles, G. J.

S. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rani, N.

B. Goswami, N. Rani, and R. Ahlawat, “Structural and optical investigations of Nd3+ doped Y2O3-SiO2 nanopowder,” J. Alloys Compd. 730(1), 450–457 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sadowski, B.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sanghera, J.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Satapathy, S.

S. Satapathy, A. Ahlawat, A. Paliwal, R. Singh, M. K. Singh, and P. K. Gupta, “Effect of calcination temperature on nanoparticle morphology and its consequence on optical properties of Nd:Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” CrystEngComm 16(13), 2723–2731 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shao, Z. H.

Shaw, B.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, D. Y.

J. Wang, Y. G. Zhao, D. Yin, P. Liu, J. Ma, Y. Wang, D. Y. Shen, Z. L. Dong, L. B. Kong, and D. Y. Tang, “Holmium doped yttria transparent ceramics for 2-μm solid state lasers,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 38(4), 1986–1989 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Kong, J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped Yb:Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(16), 2556–2558 (2003).
[Crossref]

Simonaitis-Castillo, V. K.

S. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Singh, M. K.

S. Satapathy, A. Ahlawat, A. Paliwal, R. Singh, M. K. Singh, and P. K. Gupta, “Effect of calcination temperature on nanoparticle morphology and its consequence on optical properties of Nd:Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” CrystEngComm 16(13), 2723–2731 (2014).
[Crossref]

Singh, R.

S. Satapathy, A. Ahlawat, A. Paliwal, R. Singh, M. K. Singh, and P. K. Gupta, “Effect of calcination temperature on nanoparticle morphology and its consequence on optical properties of Nd:Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” CrystEngComm 16(13), 2723–2731 (2014).
[Crossref]

Soffer, B. H.

R. H. Hoskins and B. H. Soffer, “Stimulated emission from Y2O3:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 4(1), 22–23 (1964).
[Crossref]

Soga, K.

H. Yoshida, K. Morita, B. N. Kim, K. Hiraga, M. Kodo, K. Soga, and T. Yamamoto, “Densification of nanocrystalline yttria by low temperature spark plasma sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(5), 1707–1710 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stevenson, A. J.

S. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Takaichi, K.

J. Kong, J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped Yb:Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(16), 2556–2558 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+:Y2O3 Ceramic Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2), L1277–L1279 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

Tang, D. Y.

J. Wang, Y. G. Zhao, D. Yin, P. Liu, J. Ma, Y. Wang, D. Y. Shen, Z. L. Dong, L. B. Kong, and D. Y. Tang, “Holmium doped yttria transparent ceramics for 2-μm solid state lasers,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 38(4), 1986–1989 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. L. Ye, H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, Z. H. Shao, D. W. Luo, J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous-wave laser operation of Nd:LuAG ceramic with 4F3/2→4I11/2 transition,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 611–616 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Kong, J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped Yb:Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(16), 2556–2558 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ueda, K.

J. Kong, J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped Yb:Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(16), 2556–2558 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+:Y2O3 Ceramic Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2), L1277–L1279 (2001).
[Crossref]

Uematsu, T.

J. Kong, J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped Yb:Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(16), 2556–2558 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+:Y2O3 Ceramic Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2), L1277–L1279 (2001).
[Crossref]

Villalobos, G.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walsh, B. M.

Wang, J.

J. Wang, Y. G. Zhao, D. Yin, P. Liu, J. Ma, Y. Wang, D. Y. Shen, Z. L. Dong, L. B. Kong, and D. Y. Tang, “Holmium doped yttria transparent ceramics for 2-μm solid state lasers,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 38(4), 1986–1989 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Hao, K. Wu, H. Cong, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, and J. Wang, “Spectroscopy and laser performance of Nd:Lu2O3 crystal,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17774–17779 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X. H.

X. R. Zhang, G. F. Fan, X. H. Wang, W. Lei, L. Fei, and W. Z. Lu, “Effects of sintering parameters and Nd doping on the microwave dielectric properties of Y2O3 ceramics,” Ceram. Int. 42(7), 7962–7967 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

J. Wang, Y. G. Zhao, D. Yin, P. Liu, J. Ma, Y. Wang, D. Y. Shen, Z. L. Dong, L. B. Kong, and D. Y. Tang, “Holmium doped yttria transparent ceramics for 2-μm solid state lasers,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 38(4), 1986–1989 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Wu, K.

Xu, C.

Yagi, H.

J. Kong, J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped Yb:Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(16), 2556–2558 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+:Y2O3 Ceramic Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2), L1277–L1279 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, T.

H. Yoshida, K. Morita, B. N. Kim, K. Hiraga, M. Kodo, K. Soga, and T. Yamamoto, “Densification of nanocrystalline yttria by low temperature spark plasma sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(5), 1707–1710 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yanagitani, T.

J. Kong, J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped Yb:Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(16), 2556–2558 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+:Y2O3 Ceramic Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2), L1277–L1279 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

Ye, Y. L.

Yin, D.

J. Wang, Y. G. Zhao, D. Yin, P. Liu, J. Ma, Y. Wang, D. Y. Shen, Z. L. Dong, L. B. Kong, and D. Y. Tang, “Holmium doped yttria transparent ceramics for 2-μm solid state lasers,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 38(4), 1986–1989 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, H.

H. Yoshida, K. Morita, B. N. Kim, K. Hiraga, M. Kodo, K. Soga, and T. Yamamoto, “Densification of nanocrystalline yttria by low temperature spark plasma sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(5), 1707–1710 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, K.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and Optical Properties of High-Performance Polycrystalline Nd:YAG Ceramics for Solid-State Lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

Yu, H.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang and W. Pan, “Structural and Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Nd: Y2O3 Transparent Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(10), 3326–3331 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. R.

X. R. Zhang, G. F. Fan, X. H. Wang, W. Lei, L. Fei, and W. Z. Lu, “Effects of sintering parameters and Nd doping on the microwave dielectric properties of Y2O3 ceramics,” Ceram. Int. 42(7), 7962–7967 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y. G.

J. Wang, Y. G. Zhao, D. Yin, P. Liu, J. Ma, Y. Wang, D. Y. Shen, Z. L. Dong, L. B. Kong, and D. Y. Tang, “Holmium doped yttria transparent ceramics for 2-μm solid state lasers,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 38(4), 1986–1989 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhu, H.

Zhu, H. Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

R. H. Hoskins and B. H. Soffer, “Stimulated emission from Y2O3:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 4(1), 22–23 (1964).
[Crossref]

J. Kong, J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped Yb:Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(16), 2556–2558 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ceram. Int. (1)

X. R. Zhang, G. F. Fan, X. H. Wang, W. Lei, L. Fei, and W. Z. Lu, “Effects of sintering parameters and Nd doping on the microwave dielectric properties of Y2O3 ceramics,” Ceram. Int. 42(7), 7962–7967 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “New oxide crystals for solid state lasers,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 34(2), 255–260 (1999).
[Crossref]

CrystEngComm (1)

S. Satapathy, A. Ahlawat, A. Paliwal, R. Singh, M. K. Singh, and P. K. Gupta, “Effect of calcination temperature on nanoparticle morphology and its consequence on optical properties of Nd:Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” CrystEngComm 16(13), 2723–2731 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

B. Goswami, N. Rani, and R. Ahlawat, “Structural and optical investigations of Nd3+ doped Y2O3-SiO2 nanopowder,” J. Alloys Compd. 730(1), 450–457 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (5)

L. Zhang and W. Pan, “Structural and Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Nd: Y2O3 Transparent Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(10), 3326–3331 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and Optical Properties of High-Performance Polycrystalline Nd:YAG Ceramics for Solid-State Lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

S. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Yoshida, K. Morita, B. N. Kim, K. Hiraga, M. Kodo, K. Soga, and T. Yamamoto, “Densification of nanocrystalline yttria by low temperature spark plasma sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(5), 1707–1710 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. An, A. Ito, and T. Goto, “Fabrication of Transparent Lutetium Oxide by Spark Plasma Sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(3), 695–698 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. H. Klein and W. J. Croft, “Thermal Conductivity, Diffusivity, and Expansion of Y2O3, Y3 Al5O12, and LaF3 in the Range 77°–300°K,” J. Appl. Phys. 38(4), 1603–1607 (1967).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

V. Peters, A. Bolz, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Growth of high-melting sesquioxides by the heat exchanger Method,” J. Cryst. Growth 237(1), 879–883 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. (2)

L. Gan, Y. J. Park, H. Kim, J. M. Kim, J. W. Ko, and J. W. Lee, “Fabrication and microstructure of hot pressed laminated Y2O3/Nd:Y2O3/Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 36(3), 911–916 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, Y. G. Zhao, D. Yin, P. Liu, J. Ma, Y. Wang, D. Y. Shen, Z. L. Dong, L. B. Kong, and D. Y. Tang, “Holmium doped yttria transparent ceramics for 2-μm solid state lasers,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 38(4), 1986–1989 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. Lu, J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+:Y2O3 Ceramic Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2), L1277–L1279 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Nigara, “Measurement of the optical constants of yttrium oxide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 7(4), 404–408 (1968).
[Crossref]

Materials (1)

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. A 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, E. Heumann, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Efficient laser operation of Nd:Sc2O3 at 966 nm, 1082 nm, and 1486 nm” in OSA TOPS, Vol. 26 Advanced Solid-State lasers (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper MC6.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 In-line transmittance of the Nd:Y2O3 transparent ceramics.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Fluorescence spectrum of Nd:Y2O3 ceramic.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic diagram of the diode end-pumped Nd:Y2O3 ceramic laser setup.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Output power versus incident pump power of the laser with output coupler of different reflectivity at 1.08 µm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Determination of the round-trip cavity loss using the Findlay and clay’s method.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Output power and laser spectrum of the laser operation with 4F3/2-4I11/2 transition by increasing the pump power.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Output power and laser spectrum of the laser operation with 4F3/2-4I13/2 transitions.

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