Abstract

This Letter presents both numerical and experimental results of a polarization-independent directional coupler based on slot waveguides with a subwavelength grating. The measured coupling efficiency is 97.4% for TE and 96.7% for TM polarization at a wavelength of 1550 nm. Further analysis shows that the proposed subwavelength grating directional coupler has a fabrication tolerance of ±20  nm for the grating structure and that the coupling efficiencies for the two polarizations are both higher than 0.5  dB (89%), exceeding the entire C-band (1525–1570 nm) experimentally.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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