Abstract

A compact and high extinction ratio polarization beam splitter using subwavelength grating (SWG) couplers is proposed and characterized, where the SWG couplers are located between the two input/output strip waveguides, including SWG-based transitions combined at both ends. The TM mode can be confined well in the strip waveguide and transmits along it with nearly neglected coupling, while the TE mode undergoes a strong coupling and is transferred to the adjacent waveguide with the help of SWG couplers due to dissimilar modal characteristics and cutoff conditions between these two polarizations. To further enhance the performance, an additional tapered waveguide is added in the lateral end of the input SWG-based transition. Results show that a total length of 6.8 μm with an insertion loss of 0.08 (0.36) dB, extinction ratio (ER) of 32.19 (20.93) dB, and reflection loss of 34.76 (32.59) dB for TE (TM) mode is obtained at 1.55 μm; its bandwidth can be enlarged to 81  nm for an ER>18  dB. In addition, fabrication tolerances and mode-field evolution are also presented.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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