Abstract

Whispering Gallery Mode (WGM) micro-resonators like microspheres or microtoroids are typically used as high-Q cavity substrate on which a functional film coating is deposited. In order to exploit the coating properties a critical step is the efficient excitation of WGMs mainly contained inside the deposited layer. We developed a simple method able to assess whether or not these modes are selectively excited. The method is based on monitoring the thermal shift of the excited resonance, which uniquely depends on the thermo-optic coefficient and on the thermal expansion coefficient of the material in which the mode is embedded.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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2017 (3)

2016 (4)

A. K. Mallik, D. Liu, V. Kavungal, Q. Wu, G. Farrell, and Y. Semenova, “Agarose coated spherical micro resonator for humidity measurements,” Opt. Express 24(19), 21216–21227 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Choi and A. Armani, “High Efficiency Raman Lasers Based on Zr-Doped Silica Hybrid Microcavities,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2383–2388 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Barucci, S. Berneschi, A. Giannetti, F. Baldini, A. Cosci, S. Pelli, D. Farnesi, G. C. Righini, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical Microbubble Resonators with High Refractive Index Inner Coating for Bio-Sensing Applications: An Analytical Approach,” Sensors (Basel) 16(12), 1992 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yang Yu, X. Qiang Sun, L. Ting Ji, G. Bing He, X. Bin Wang, Y. Ji Yi, C. Ming Chen, F. Wang, and D. Ming Zhang, “The 650-nm variable optical attenuator based on polymer/silica hybrid waveguide,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 054101 (2016).

2014 (2)

I. A. Grimaldi, S. Berneschi, G. Testa, F. Baldini, G. Nunzi Conti, and R. Bernini, “Polymer based planar coupling of self-assembled bottle microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231114 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Ristic, A. Chiappini, M. Mazzola, D. Farnesi, G. Nunzi Conti, G. C. Righini, P. Feron, G. Cibiel, M. Ferrari, and M. Ivanda, “Whispering gallery mode profiles in a coated microsphere,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 223(10), 1–11 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

J. L. Dominguez-Juarez, G. Kozyreff, and J. Martorell, “Whispering gallery microresonators for second harmonic light generation from a low number of small molecules,” Nat. Commun. 2, 254 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251109 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Charlebois, A. Paquet, L. S. Verret, K. Boissinot, M. Boissinot, M. G. Bergeron, and C. N. Allen, “Toward Automatic Label-Free Whispering Gallery Modes Biodetection with a Quantum Dot-Coated Microsphere Population,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 5(3), 524–532 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Féron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical Whispering-Gallery-Mode Microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(3), 457–482 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Pini, B. Tiribilli, C. M. C. Gambi, and M. Vassalli, “Dynamical characterization of vibrating AFM cantilever forced by photothermal excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 81(5), 054302 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, E. Moser, R. Retoux, P. Féron, R. R. Gonçalves, G. Speranza, Y. Jestin, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, and C. Armellini, “Er3+-doped silica-hafnia films for optical waveguides and spherical resonators,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1853–1860 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

K.-C. Fan, W. Wang, and H.-S. Chiou, “Fabrication optimization of a micro-spherical fiber probe with the Taguchi method,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 18(1), 015011 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

M. J. Humphrey, E. Dale, A. T. Rosenberger, and D. K. Bandy, “Calculation of optimal fiber radius and whispering-gallery mode spectra for a fiber-coupled microsphere,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 124–131 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

W. Pfleging, M. Przybylski, and H. J. Brückner, “Excimer laser material processing – state of the art and new approaches in microsystem technology,” Proc. SPIE 6107, 61070G (2006).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

Allen, C. N.

M. Charlebois, A. Paquet, L. S. Verret, K. Boissinot, M. Boissinot, M. G. Bergeron, and C. N. Allen, “Toward Automatic Label-Free Whispering Gallery Modes Biodetection with a Quantum Dot-Coated Microsphere Population,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 5(3), 524–532 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ari, J.

Armani, A.

H. Choi and A. Armani, “High Efficiency Raman Lasers Based on Zr-Doped Silica Hybrid Microcavities,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2383–2388 (2016).
[Crossref]

Armellini, C.

G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, E. Moser, R. Retoux, P. Féron, R. R. Gonçalves, G. Speranza, Y. Jestin, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, and C. Armellini, “Er3+-doped silica-hafnia films for optical waveguides and spherical resonators,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1853–1860 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ayaz, U.

T. Ioppolo, V. Ötügen, and U. Ayaz, “Development of Whispering Gallery Mode polymeric micro-optical electric field sensors,” J. Vis. Exp. 71(71), e50199 (2013).
[PubMed]

Baldini, F.

A. Barucci, S. Berneschi, A. Giannetti, F. Baldini, A. Cosci, S. Pelli, D. Farnesi, G. C. Righini, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical Microbubble Resonators with High Refractive Index Inner Coating for Bio-Sensing Applications: An Analytical Approach,” Sensors (Basel) 16(12), 1992 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Grimaldi, S. Berneschi, G. Testa, F. Baldini, G. Nunzi Conti, and R. Bernini, “Polymer based planar coupling of self-assembled bottle microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231114 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bandy, D. K.

M. J. Humphrey, E. Dale, A. T. Rosenberger, and D. K. Bandy, “Calculation of optimal fiber radius and whispering-gallery mode spectra for a fiber-coupled microsphere,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 124–131 (2007).
[Crossref]

Barucci, A.

A. Barucci, S. Berneschi, A. Giannetti, F. Baldini, A. Cosci, S. Pelli, D. Farnesi, G. C. Righini, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical Microbubble Resonators with High Refractive Index Inner Coating for Bio-Sensing Applications: An Analytical Approach,” Sensors (Basel) 16(12), 1992 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baudet, E.

Bergeron, M. G.

M. Charlebois, A. Paquet, L. S. Verret, K. Boissinot, M. Boissinot, M. G. Bergeron, and C. N. Allen, “Toward Automatic Label-Free Whispering Gallery Modes Biodetection with a Quantum Dot-Coated Microsphere Population,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 5(3), 524–532 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berneschi, S.

A. Barucci, S. Berneschi, A. Giannetti, F. Baldini, A. Cosci, S. Pelli, D. Farnesi, G. C. Righini, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical Microbubble Resonators with High Refractive Index Inner Coating for Bio-Sensing Applications: An Analytical Approach,” Sensors (Basel) 16(12), 1992 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Grimaldi, S. Berneschi, G. Testa, F. Baldini, G. Nunzi Conti, and R. Bernini, “Polymer based planar coupling of self-assembled bottle microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231114 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, E. Moser, R. Retoux, P. Féron, R. R. Gonçalves, G. Speranza, Y. Jestin, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, and C. Armellini, “Er3+-doped silica-hafnia films for optical waveguides and spherical resonators,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1853–1860 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bernini, R.

I. A. Grimaldi, S. Berneschi, G. Testa, F. Baldini, G. Nunzi Conti, and R. Bernini, “Polymer based planar coupling of self-assembled bottle microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231114 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bin Wang, X.

Y. Yang Yu, X. Qiang Sun, L. Ting Ji, G. Bing He, X. Bin Wang, Y. Ji Yi, C. Ming Chen, F. Wang, and D. Ming Zhang, “The 650-nm variable optical attenuator based on polymer/silica hybrid waveguide,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 054101 (2016).

Bing He, G.

Y. Yang Yu, X. Qiang Sun, L. Ting Ji, G. Bing He, X. Bin Wang, Y. Ji Yi, C. Ming Chen, F. Wang, and D. Ming Zhang, “The 650-nm variable optical attenuator based on polymer/silica hybrid waveguide,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 054101 (2016).

Bodiou, L.

Boissinot, K.

M. Charlebois, A. Paquet, L. S. Verret, K. Boissinot, M. Boissinot, M. G. Bergeron, and C. N. Allen, “Toward Automatic Label-Free Whispering Gallery Modes Biodetection with a Quantum Dot-Coated Microsphere Population,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 5(3), 524–532 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boissinot, M.

M. Charlebois, A. Paquet, L. S. Verret, K. Boissinot, M. Boissinot, M. G. Bergeron, and C. N. Allen, “Toward Automatic Label-Free Whispering Gallery Modes Biodetection with a Quantum Dot-Coated Microsphere Population,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 5(3), 524–532 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brasch, V.

Brückner, H. J.

W. Pfleging, M. Przybylski, and H. J. Brückner, “Excimer laser material processing – state of the art and new approaches in microsystem technology,” Proc. SPIE 6107, 61070G (2006).
[Crossref]

Charlebois, M.

M. Charlebois, A. Paquet, L. S. Verret, K. Boissinot, M. Boissinot, M. G. Bergeron, and C. N. Allen, “Toward Automatic Label-Free Whispering Gallery Modes Biodetection with a Quantum Dot-Coated Microsphere Population,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 5(3), 524–532 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Charrier, J.

Chiappini, A.

D. Ristic, A. Chiappini, M. Mazzola, D. Farnesi, G. Nunzi Conti, G. C. Righini, P. Feron, G. Cibiel, M. Ferrari, and M. Ivanda, “Whispering gallery mode profiles in a coated microsphere,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 223(10), 1–11 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Ristić, A. Rasoloniaina, A. Chiappini, P. Féron, S. Pelli, G. N. Conti, M. Ivanda, G. C. Righini, G. Cibiel, and M. Ferrari, “About the role of phase matching between a coated microsphere and a tapered fiber: experimental study,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20954–20963 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, E. Moser, R. Retoux, P. Féron, R. R. Gonçalves, G. Speranza, Y. Jestin, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, and C. Armellini, “Er3+-doped silica-hafnia films for optical waveguides and spherical resonators,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1853–1860 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chiasera, A.

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Féron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical Whispering-Gallery-Mode Microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(3), 457–482 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, E. Moser, R. Retoux, P. Féron, R. R. Gonçalves, G. Speranza, Y. Jestin, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, and C. Armellini, “Er3+-doped silica-hafnia films for optical waveguides and spherical resonators,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1853–1860 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chiou, H.-S.

K.-C. Fan, W. Wang, and H.-S. Chiou, “Fabrication optimization of a micro-spherical fiber probe with the Taguchi method,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 18(1), 015011 (2008).
[Crossref]

Choi, H.

H. Choi and A. Armani, “High Efficiency Raman Lasers Based on Zr-Doped Silica Hybrid Microcavities,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2383–2388 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cibiel, G.

D. Ristic, A. Chiappini, M. Mazzola, D. Farnesi, G. Nunzi Conti, G. C. Righini, P. Feron, G. Cibiel, M. Ferrari, and M. Ivanda, “Whispering gallery mode profiles in a coated microsphere,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 223(10), 1–11 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Ristić, A. Rasoloniaina, A. Chiappini, P. Féron, S. Pelli, G. N. Conti, M. Ivanda, G. C. Righini, G. Cibiel, and M. Ferrari, “About the role of phase matching between a coated microsphere and a tapered fiber: experimental study,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20954–20963 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clements, W. R.

Conti, G. N.

Cosci, A.

A. Barucci, S. Berneschi, A. Giannetti, F. Baldini, A. Cosci, S. Pelli, D. Farnesi, G. C. Righini, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical Microbubble Resonators with High Refractive Index Inner Coating for Bio-Sensing Applications: An Analytical Approach,” Sensors (Basel) 16(12), 1992 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, L.

Y. Yin, Y. Niu, L. Dai, and M. Ding, “Polarization characteristics of gold-coated microdisk resonators,” AIP Adv. 7(9), 095008 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dale, E.

M. J. Humphrey, E. Dale, A. T. Rosenberger, and D. K. Bandy, “Calculation of optimal fiber radius and whispering-gallery mode spectra for a fiber-coupled microsphere,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 124–131 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dalton, L. R.

Ding, M.

Y. Yin, Y. Niu, L. Dai, and M. Ding, “Polarization characteristics of gold-coated microdisk resonators,” AIP Adv. 7(9), 095008 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dominguez-Juarez, J. L.

J. L. Dominguez-Juarez, G. Kozyreff, and J. Martorell, “Whispering gallery microresonators for second harmonic light generation from a low number of small molecules,” Nat. Commun. 2, 254 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dumeige, Y.

G. Palma, M. C. Falconi, F. Starecki, V. Nazabal, J. Ari, L. Bodiou, J. Charrier, Y. Dumeige, E. Baudet, and F. Prudenzano, “Design of Praseodymium-Doped Chalcogenide Micro-Disk Emitting at 4.7 µm,” Opt. Express 25(6), 7014–7030 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Féron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical Whispering-Gallery-Mode Microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(3), 457–482 (2010).
[Crossref]

Falconi, M. C.

Fan, K.-C.

K.-C. Fan, W. Wang, and H.-S. Chiou, “Fabrication optimization of a micro-spherical fiber probe with the Taguchi method,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 18(1), 015011 (2008).
[Crossref]

Farnesi, D.

A. Barucci, S. Berneschi, A. Giannetti, F. Baldini, A. Cosci, S. Pelli, D. Farnesi, G. C. Righini, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical Microbubble Resonators with High Refractive Index Inner Coating for Bio-Sensing Applications: An Analytical Approach,” Sensors (Basel) 16(12), 1992 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Ristic, A. Chiappini, M. Mazzola, D. Farnesi, G. Nunzi Conti, G. C. Righini, P. Feron, G. Cibiel, M. Ferrari, and M. Ivanda, “Whispering gallery mode profiles in a coated microsphere,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 223(10), 1–11 (2014).
[Crossref]

Farrell, G.

Feron, P.

D. Ristic, A. Chiappini, M. Mazzola, D. Farnesi, G. Nunzi Conti, G. C. Righini, P. Feron, G. Cibiel, M. Ferrari, and M. Ivanda, “Whispering gallery mode profiles in a coated microsphere,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 223(10), 1–11 (2014).
[Crossref]

Féron, P.

D. Ristić, A. Rasoloniaina, A. Chiappini, P. Féron, S. Pelli, G. N. Conti, M. Ivanda, G. C. Righini, G. Cibiel, and M. Ferrari, “About the role of phase matching between a coated microsphere and a tapered fiber: experimental study,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20954–20963 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Féron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical Whispering-Gallery-Mode Microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(3), 457–482 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, E. Moser, R. Retoux, P. Féron, R. R. Gonçalves, G. Speranza, Y. Jestin, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, and C. Armellini, “Er3+-doped silica-hafnia films for optical waveguides and spherical resonators,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1853–1860 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, M.

D. Ristic, A. Chiappini, M. Mazzola, D. Farnesi, G. Nunzi Conti, G. C. Righini, P. Feron, G. Cibiel, M. Ferrari, and M. Ivanda, “Whispering gallery mode profiles in a coated microsphere,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 223(10), 1–11 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Ristić, A. Rasoloniaina, A. Chiappini, P. Féron, S. Pelli, G. N. Conti, M. Ivanda, G. C. Righini, G. Cibiel, and M. Ferrari, “About the role of phase matching between a coated microsphere and a tapered fiber: experimental study,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20954–20963 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Féron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical Whispering-Gallery-Mode Microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(3), 457–482 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, E. Moser, R. Retoux, P. Féron, R. R. Gonçalves, G. Speranza, Y. Jestin, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, and C. Armellini, “Er3+-doped silica-hafnia films for optical waveguides and spherical resonators,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1853–1860 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gambi, C. M. C.

V. Pini, B. Tiribilli, C. M. C. Gambi, and M. Vassalli, “Dynamical characterization of vibrating AFM cantilever forced by photothermal excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 81(5), 054302 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gardner, K.

Giannetti, A.

A. Barucci, S. Berneschi, A. Giannetti, F. Baldini, A. Cosci, S. Pelli, D. Farnesi, G. C. Righini, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical Microbubble Resonators with High Refractive Index Inner Coating for Bio-Sensing Applications: An Analytical Approach,” Sensors (Basel) 16(12), 1992 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gonçalves, R. R.

G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, E. Moser, R. Retoux, P. Féron, R. R. Gonçalves, G. Speranza, Y. Jestin, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, and C. Armellini, “Er3+-doped silica-hafnia films for optical waveguides and spherical resonators,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1853–1860 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gong, Q.

B. B. Li, Y. F. Xiao, M. Y. Yan, W. R. Clements, and Q. Gong, “Low-threshold Raman laser from an on-chip, high-Q, polymer-coated microcavity,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1802–1804 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Grimaldi, I. A.

I. A. Grimaldi, S. Berneschi, G. Testa, F. Baldini, G. Nunzi Conti, and R. Bernini, “Polymer based planar coupling of self-assembled bottle microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231114 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hartinger, K.

Herr, T.

Holzwarth, R.

Humphrey, M. J.

M. J. Humphrey, E. Dale, A. T. Rosenberger, and D. K. Bandy, “Calculation of optimal fiber radius and whispering-gallery mode spectra for a fiber-coupled microsphere,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 124–131 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ioppolo, T.

T. Ioppolo, V. Ötügen, and U. Ayaz, “Development of Whispering Gallery Mode polymeric micro-optical electric field sensors,” J. Vis. Exp. 71(71), e50199 (2013).
[PubMed]

Ivanda, M.

D. Ristic, A. Chiappini, M. Mazzola, D. Farnesi, G. Nunzi Conti, G. C. Righini, P. Feron, G. Cibiel, M. Ferrari, and M. Ivanda, “Whispering gallery mode profiles in a coated microsphere,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 223(10), 1–11 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Ristić, A. Rasoloniaina, A. Chiappini, P. Féron, S. Pelli, G. N. Conti, M. Ivanda, G. C. Righini, G. Cibiel, and M. Ferrari, “About the role of phase matching between a coated microsphere and a tapered fiber: experimental study,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20954–20963 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jestin, Y.

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Féron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical Whispering-Gallery-Mode Microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(3), 457–482 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, E. Moser, R. Retoux, P. Féron, R. R. Gonçalves, G. Speranza, Y. Jestin, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, and C. Armellini, “Er3+-doped silica-hafnia films for optical waveguides and spherical resonators,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1853–1860 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ji Yi, Y.

Y. Yang Yu, X. Qiang Sun, L. Ting Ji, G. Bing He, X. Bin Wang, Y. Ji Yi, C. Ming Chen, F. Wang, and D. Ming Zhang, “The 650-nm variable optical attenuator based on polymer/silica hybrid waveguide,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 054101 (2016).

Jiang, X.-F.

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kavungal, V.

Kippenberg, T. J.

Kozyreff, G.

J. L. Dominguez-Juarez, G. Kozyreff, and J. Martorell, “Whispering gallery microresonators for second harmonic light generation from a low number of small molecules,” Nat. Commun. 2, 254 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lane, S.

Li, B. B.

Li, B.-B.

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, D.

Mallik, A. K.

Martorell, J.

J. L. Dominguez-Juarez, G. Kozyreff, and J. Martorell, “Whispering gallery microresonators for second harmonic light generation from a low number of small molecules,” Nat. Commun. 2, 254 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mazzola, M.

D. Ristic, A. Chiappini, M. Mazzola, D. Farnesi, G. Nunzi Conti, G. C. Righini, P. Feron, G. Cibiel, M. Ferrari, and M. Ivanda, “Whispering gallery mode profiles in a coated microsphere,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 223(10), 1–11 (2014).
[Crossref]

Meldrum, A.

Ming Chen, C.

Y. Yang Yu, X. Qiang Sun, L. Ting Ji, G. Bing He, X. Bin Wang, Y. Ji Yi, C. Ming Chen, F. Wang, and D. Ming Zhang, “The 650-nm variable optical attenuator based on polymer/silica hybrid waveguide,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 054101 (2016).

Ming Zhang, D.

Y. Yang Yu, X. Qiang Sun, L. Ting Ji, G. Bing He, X. Bin Wang, Y. Ji Yi, C. Ming Chen, F. Wang, and D. Ming Zhang, “The 650-nm variable optical attenuator based on polymer/silica hybrid waveguide,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 054101 (2016).

Moser, E.

G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, E. Moser, R. Retoux, P. Féron, R. R. Gonçalves, G. Speranza, Y. Jestin, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, and C. Armellini, “Er3+-doped silica-hafnia films for optical waveguides and spherical resonators,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1853–1860 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nazabal, V.

Niu, Y.

Y. Yin, Y. Niu, L. Dai, and M. Ding, “Polarization characteristics of gold-coated microdisk resonators,” AIP Adv. 7(9), 095008 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nunzi Conti, G.

A. Barucci, S. Berneschi, A. Giannetti, F. Baldini, A. Cosci, S. Pelli, D. Farnesi, G. C. Righini, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical Microbubble Resonators with High Refractive Index Inner Coating for Bio-Sensing Applications: An Analytical Approach,” Sensors (Basel) 16(12), 1992 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Grimaldi, S. Berneschi, G. Testa, F. Baldini, G. Nunzi Conti, and R. Bernini, “Polymer based planar coupling of self-assembled bottle microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231114 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Ristic, A. Chiappini, M. Mazzola, D. Farnesi, G. Nunzi Conti, G. C. Righini, P. Feron, G. Cibiel, M. Ferrari, and M. Ivanda, “Whispering gallery mode profiles in a coated microsphere,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 223(10), 1–11 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Féron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical Whispering-Gallery-Mode Microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(3), 457–482 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, E. Moser, R. Retoux, P. Féron, R. R. Gonçalves, G. Speranza, Y. Jestin, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, and C. Armellini, “Er3+-doped silica-hafnia films for optical waveguides and spherical resonators,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1853–1860 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ötügen, V.

T. Ioppolo, V. Ötügen, and U. Ayaz, “Development of Whispering Gallery Mode polymeric micro-optical electric field sensors,” J. Vis. Exp. 71(71), e50199 (2013).
[PubMed]

Palma, G.

Paquet, A.

M. Charlebois, A. Paquet, L. S. Verret, K. Boissinot, M. Boissinot, M. G. Bergeron, and C. N. Allen, “Toward Automatic Label-Free Whispering Gallery Modes Biodetection with a Quantum Dot-Coated Microsphere Population,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 5(3), 524–532 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pelli, S.

A. Barucci, S. Berneschi, A. Giannetti, F. Baldini, A. Cosci, S. Pelli, D. Farnesi, G. C. Righini, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical Microbubble Resonators with High Refractive Index Inner Coating for Bio-Sensing Applications: An Analytical Approach,” Sensors (Basel) 16(12), 1992 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Ristić, A. Rasoloniaina, A. Chiappini, P. Féron, S. Pelli, G. N. Conti, M. Ivanda, G. C. Righini, G. Cibiel, and M. Ferrari, “About the role of phase matching between a coated microsphere and a tapered fiber: experimental study,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20954–20963 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Féron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical Whispering-Gallery-Mode Microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(3), 457–482 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, E. Moser, R. Retoux, P. Féron, R. R. Gonçalves, G. Speranza, Y. Jestin, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, and C. Armellini, “Er3+-doped silica-hafnia films for optical waveguides and spherical resonators,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1853–1860 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pfleging, W.

W. Pfleging, M. Przybylski, and H. J. Brückner, “Excimer laser material processing – state of the art and new approaches in microsystem technology,” Proc. SPIE 6107, 61070G (2006).
[Crossref]

Pini, V.

V. Pini, B. Tiribilli, C. M. C. Gambi, and M. Vassalli, “Dynamical characterization of vibrating AFM cantilever forced by photothermal excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 81(5), 054302 (2010).
[Crossref]

Prudenzano, F.

Przybylski, M.

W. Pfleging, M. Przybylski, and H. J. Brückner, “Excimer laser material processing – state of the art and new approaches in microsystem technology,” Proc. SPIE 6107, 61070G (2006).
[Crossref]

Qiang Sun, X.

Y. Yang Yu, X. Qiang Sun, L. Ting Ji, G. Bing He, X. Bin Wang, Y. Ji Yi, C. Ming Chen, F. Wang, and D. Ming Zhang, “The 650-nm variable optical attenuator based on polymer/silica hybrid waveguide,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 054101 (2016).

Rabiei, P.

Rasoloniaina, A.

Retoux, R.

G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, E. Moser, R. Retoux, P. Féron, R. R. Gonçalves, G. Speranza, Y. Jestin, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, and C. Armellini, “Er3+-doped silica-hafnia films for optical waveguides and spherical resonators,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1853–1860 (2009).
[Crossref]

Riemensberger, J.

Righini, G. C.

A. Barucci, S. Berneschi, A. Giannetti, F. Baldini, A. Cosci, S. Pelli, D. Farnesi, G. C. Righini, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical Microbubble Resonators with High Refractive Index Inner Coating for Bio-Sensing Applications: An Analytical Approach,” Sensors (Basel) 16(12), 1992 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Ristic, A. Chiappini, M. Mazzola, D. Farnesi, G. Nunzi Conti, G. C. Righini, P. Feron, G. Cibiel, M. Ferrari, and M. Ivanda, “Whispering gallery mode profiles in a coated microsphere,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 223(10), 1–11 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Ristić, A. Rasoloniaina, A. Chiappini, P. Féron, S. Pelli, G. N. Conti, M. Ivanda, G. C. Righini, G. Cibiel, and M. Ferrari, “About the role of phase matching between a coated microsphere and a tapered fiber: experimental study,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20954–20963 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Féron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical Whispering-Gallery-Mode Microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(3), 457–482 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, E. Moser, R. Retoux, P. Féron, R. R. Gonçalves, G. Speranza, Y. Jestin, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, and C. Armellini, “Er3+-doped silica-hafnia films for optical waveguides and spherical resonators,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1853–1860 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ristic, D.

D. Ristic, A. Chiappini, M. Mazzola, D. Farnesi, G. Nunzi Conti, G. C. Righini, P. Feron, G. Cibiel, M. Ferrari, and M. Ivanda, “Whispering gallery mode profiles in a coated microsphere,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 223(10), 1–11 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Ristić, A. Rasoloniaina, A. Chiappini, P. Féron, S. Pelli, G. N. Conti, M. Ivanda, G. C. Righini, G. Cibiel, and M. Ferrari, “About the role of phase matching between a coated microsphere and a tapered fiber: experimental study,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20954–20963 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rosenberger, A. T.

M. J. Humphrey, E. Dale, A. T. Rosenberger, and D. K. Bandy, “Calculation of optimal fiber radius and whispering-gallery mode spectra for a fiber-coupled microsphere,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 124–131 (2007).
[Crossref]

Semenova, Y.

Soria, S.

A. Barucci, S. Berneschi, A. Giannetti, F. Baldini, A. Cosci, S. Pelli, D. Farnesi, G. C. Righini, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical Microbubble Resonators with High Refractive Index Inner Coating for Bio-Sensing Applications: An Analytical Approach,” Sensors (Basel) 16(12), 1992 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Féron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical Whispering-Gallery-Mode Microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(3), 457–482 (2010).
[Crossref]

Speranza, G.

G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, E. Moser, R. Retoux, P. Féron, R. R. Gonçalves, G. Speranza, Y. Jestin, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, and C. Armellini, “Er3+-doped silica-hafnia films for optical waveguides and spherical resonators,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1853–1860 (2009).
[Crossref]

Starecki, F.

Steier, W. H.

Tan, L.

Testa, G.

I. A. Grimaldi, S. Berneschi, G. Testa, F. Baldini, G. Nunzi Conti, and R. Bernini, “Polymer based planar coupling of self-assembled bottle microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231114 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ting Ji, L.

Y. Yang Yu, X. Qiang Sun, L. Ting Ji, G. Bing He, X. Bin Wang, Y. Ji Yi, C. Ming Chen, F. Wang, and D. Ming Zhang, “The 650-nm variable optical attenuator based on polymer/silica hybrid waveguide,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 054101 (2016).

Tiribilli, B.

V. Pini, B. Tiribilli, C. M. C. Gambi, and M. Vassalli, “Dynamical characterization of vibrating AFM cantilever forced by photothermal excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 81(5), 054302 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vassalli, M.

V. Pini, B. Tiribilli, C. M. C. Gambi, and M. Vassalli, “Dynamical characterization of vibrating AFM cantilever forced by photothermal excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 81(5), 054302 (2010).
[Crossref]

Verret, L. S.

M. Charlebois, A. Paquet, L. S. Verret, K. Boissinot, M. Boissinot, M. G. Bergeron, and C. N. Allen, “Toward Automatic Label-Free Whispering Gallery Modes Biodetection with a Quantum Dot-Coated Microsphere Population,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 5(3), 524–532 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

Y. Yang Yu, X. Qiang Sun, L. Ting Ji, G. Bing He, X. Bin Wang, Y. Ji Yi, C. Ming Chen, F. Wang, and D. Ming Zhang, “The 650-nm variable optical attenuator based on polymer/silica hybrid waveguide,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 054101 (2016).

Wang, Q.-Y.

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

K.-C. Fan, W. Wang, and H.-S. Chiou, “Fabrication optimization of a micro-spherical fiber probe with the Taguchi method,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 18(1), 015011 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, Q.

Xiao, L.

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Y. F.

Xiao, Y.-F.

K. Gardner, Y. Zhi, L. Tan, S. Lane, Y.-F. Xiao, and A. Meldrum, “Whispering gallery mode structure in polymer-coated lasing microspheres,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(10), 2140–2146 (2017).
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B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yan, M. Y.

Yang Yu, Y.

Y. Yang Yu, X. Qiang Sun, L. Ting Ji, G. Bing He, X. Bin Wang, Y. Ji Yi, C. Ming Chen, F. Wang, and D. Ming Zhang, “The 650-nm variable optical attenuator based on polymer/silica hybrid waveguide,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 054101 (2016).

Yin, Y.

Y. Yin, Y. Niu, L. Dai, and M. Ding, “Polarization characteristics of gold-coated microdisk resonators,” AIP Adv. 7(9), 095008 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Zhi, Y.

ACS Photonics (1)

H. Choi and A. Armani, “High Efficiency Raman Lasers Based on Zr-Doped Silica Hybrid Microcavities,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2383–2388 (2016).
[Crossref]

AIP Adv. (1)

Y. Yin, Y. Niu, L. Dai, and M. Ding, “Polarization characteristics of gold-coated microdisk resonators,” AIP Adv. 7(9), 095008 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251109 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. A. Grimaldi, S. Berneschi, G. Testa, F. Baldini, G. Nunzi Conti, and R. Bernini, “Polymer based planar coupling of self-assembled bottle microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231114 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. B (1)

Y. Yang Yu, X. Qiang Sun, L. Ting Ji, G. Bing He, X. Bin Wang, Y. Ji Yi, C. Ming Chen, F. Wang, and D. Ming Zhang, “The 650-nm variable optical attenuator based on polymer/silica hybrid waveguide,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 054101 (2016).

Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. (1)

D. Ristic, A. Chiappini, M. Mazzola, D. Farnesi, G. Nunzi Conti, G. C. Righini, P. Feron, G. Cibiel, M. Ferrari, and M. Ivanda, “Whispering gallery mode profiles in a coated microsphere,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 223(10), 1–11 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Micromech. Microeng. (1)

K.-C. Fan, W. Wang, and H.-S. Chiou, “Fabrication optimization of a micro-spherical fiber probe with the Taguchi method,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 18(1), 015011 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, E. Moser, R. Retoux, P. Féron, R. R. Gonçalves, G. Speranza, Y. Jestin, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, and C. Armellini, “Er3+-doped silica-hafnia films for optical waveguides and spherical resonators,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1853–1860 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Vis. Exp. (1)

T. Ioppolo, V. Ötügen, and U. Ayaz, “Development of Whispering Gallery Mode polymeric micro-optical electric field sensors,” J. Vis. Exp. 71(71), e50199 (2013).
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Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Féron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical Whispering-Gallery-Mode Microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(3), 457–482 (2010).
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M. Charlebois, A. Paquet, L. S. Verret, K. Boissinot, M. Boissinot, M. G. Bergeron, and C. N. Allen, “Toward Automatic Label-Free Whispering Gallery Modes Biodetection with a Quantum Dot-Coated Microsphere Population,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 5(3), 524–532 (2010).
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Opt. Commun. (1)

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A. Barucci, S. Berneschi, A. Giannetti, F. Baldini, A. Cosci, S. Pelli, D. Farnesi, G. C. Righini, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical Microbubble Resonators with High Refractive Index Inner Coating for Bio-Sensing Applications: An Analytical Approach,” Sensors (Basel) 16(12), 1992 (2016).
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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Sketch of the experimental set-up adopted for WGMs thermal tuning schematizing the Peltier cell and the thermocouple. (b) AFM profile of the SU-8 layer thickness deposited on the silica microsphere surface with two dip-coating processes. The inset shows a 3D plot of a surface portion after UV laser ablation of the SU-8 coating.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Resonance spectra showing blue shift of waveguide coupled coated microsphere (type 2, thicker coating) under thermal heating of the cavity. Average shift is 138 pm for about 2°C. Measured average FSR is 512 pm.(b) Resonance spectra showing minimal shift of taper-coupled coated microsphere (type 2) under thermal heating of the cavity. Average shift is below 10 pm for about 3°C. Measured average FSR is 565 pm. (inset) Typical resonances observed after fine scanning around 770 nm, showing Q factors up to 5x105.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) WGM power percentage inside the SU-8 film vs film thickness calculated at 770 nm for the first four radial WGMs (TE and TM polarization) in a coated silica microsphere of 234 μm in diameter surrounded by air. The two pink vertical regions represent the measured polymer thickness ranges for the layers deposited on the microsphere with a single or two dip-coating steps, respectively. (b) Dispersion curves showing the effective refractive indices of the same four modes vs the polymer thickness. Horizontal light blue lines show the coupling polymer waveguide effective refractive indices for the TE and TM modes. The light blue horizontal region corresponds to the effective index range of the biconical fiber tapers (with diameters between 1 μm and 2 μm).

Equations (3)

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lλ=2 πnR  2π( η sil n sil + η SU8 n SU8 )R=2π n eff R
λ λ ={ [ 1 n eff ( η sil n sil T + η SU8 n SU8 T ) ]+ 1 R [ ( 1 R sil R sil T ) R sil +( 1 δ R SU8  δ R SU8 T )δ R SU8 ] }T
Δ λ Δl=1 = λ 2 c Δ v Δl=1 = λ 2 2π( η sil n sil + η SU8 n SU8 )R .

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