Abstract

Dynamical grating diffraction experiments and reflection/transmission polarization spectroscopy have been conducted on azo-dye doped Blue-Phase Liquid Crystal (BPLC) to investigate the mechanisms responsible for laser induced refractive index changes. The underlying mechanisms for the transient grating diffraction components are attributed to thermal indexing and lattice distortion, whereas the persistent component is due to lattice distortion/expansion caused by laser excited dye molecule isomerization. These mechanisms were distinguishable by their response dynamics and gave rise to the observed reflection spectra and photonic bandgap shift, polarization dependency and optical activity. Some preliminary studies have demonstrated the feasibility of using these mechanisms for coherent holographic and direct image writing operations.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  8. S. J. Ge, W. Ji, G. X. Cui, B. Y. Wei, W. Hu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Fast switchable optical vortex generator based on blue phase liquid crystal fork grating,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(12), 2535–2542 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  17. C.-W. Chen, H.-C. Jau, C.-H. Lee, C.-C. Li, C.-T. Hou, C.-W. Wu, T.-H. Lin, and I. C. Khoo, “Temperature dependence of refractive index in blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(5), 527–532 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  18. I. C. Khoo and R. Normandin, “The mechanism and dynamics of transient thermal grating diffraction in nematic liquid crystal films,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(4), 329–335 (1985).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  20. H. Kitzerow, P. P. Crooker, S. L. Kwok, J. Xu, and G. Heppke, “Dynamics of blue-phase selective reflections in an electric field,” Phys. Rev. A 42(6), 3442–3448 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. H.-S. Kitzerow, P. P. Crooker, J. Rand, J. Xu, and G. Heppke, “Electrostriction dynamics of blue phase II crystallites,” J. Phys. 2(3), 279–284 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  22. K.-M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S.-T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(8), 318–322 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. Tiribocchi, G. Gonnella, D. Marenduzzo, and E. Orlandini, “Switching dynamics in cholesteric blue phases,” Soft Matter 7(7), 3295–3306 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  24. L. Lucchetti and F. Simoni, “Role of space charges on light-induced effects in nematic liquid crystals doped by methyl red,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 89(3), 032507 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. M. Y. Shih, A. Shishido, P. H. Chen, M. V. Wood, and I. C. Khoo, “All-Optical Image Processing with A Supranonlinear Dye-Doped Liquid-Crystal Film,” Opt. Lett. 25(13), 978–980 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. M. Y. Shih, A. Shishido, and I. C. Khoo, “All-optical image processing by means of a photosensitive nonlinear liquid-crystal film: edge enhancement and image addition-subtraction,” Opt. Lett. 26(15), 1140–1142 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. I. C. Khoo, M. Y. Shih, M. V. Wood, B. D. Guenther, P. H. Chen, F. Simoni, S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, and L. Lucchetti, “Dye-doped photorefractive liquid crystals for dynamic and storage holographic grating formation and spatial light modulation,” Proc. IEEE 87(11), 1897–1911 (1999).
  28. H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, and T.-H. Lin, “Pinning effect on the photonic bandgaps of blue-phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Opt. 50(11), 1606–1609 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, and P. J. Collings, “Trans-cis isomerization and the blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(5), 051705 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, T.-H. Lin, and J.-H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121103 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  31. P. Pierański, P. E. Cladis, T. Garel, and R. Barbet-Massin, “Orientation of crystals of blue phases by electric fields,” J. Phys. 47(1), 139–143 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  32. S.-i. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, Y. Okumura, and H. Kikuchi, “Lattice plane control of liquid crystal blue phase,” Liq. Cryst. 40(5), 639–645 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  33. Y. Liu, Y. Lan, H. Zhang, R. Zhu, D. Xu, C.-Y. Tsai, J.-K. Lu, N. Sugiura, Y.-C. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, “Optical rotatory power of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131102 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  34. P. J. Collings, “Optical Rotatory Dispersion in Single Crystals of the Cholesteric Blue Phases,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 113(1), 277–289 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  35. R. J. Miller and H. F. Gleeson, “Order parameter measurements from the Kossel diagrams of the liquid-crystal blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 52(5), 5011–5016 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

2014 (8)

H. Yoshida, S. Yabu, H. Tone, Y. Kawata, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Secondary electro-optic effect in liquid crystalline cholesteric blue phases,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(5), 960–968 (2014).
[Crossref]

C.-T. Wang, Y.-C. Li, J.-H. Yu, C. Y. Wang, C.-W. Tseng, H.-C. Jau, Y.-J. Chen, and T.-H. Lin, “Electrically tunable high Q-factor micro-ring resonator based on blue phase liquid crystal cladding,” Opt. Express 22(15), 17776–17781 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ptasinski, I. C. Khoo, and Y. Fainman, “Enhanced optical tuning of modified-geometry resonators clad in blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 39(18), 5435–5438 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. J. Ge, W. Ji, G. X. Cui, B. Y. Wei, W. Hu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Fast switchable optical vortex generator based on blue phase liquid crystal fork grating,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(12), 2535–2542 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. C. Khoo, “Nonlinear optics, active plasmonics and metamaterials with liquid crystals,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 38(2), 77–117 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Nordendorf, A. Hoischen, J. Schmidtke, D. Wilkes, and H. S. Kitzerow, “Polymer-stabilized blue phases: promising mesophases for a new generation of liquid crystal displays,” Polym. Adv. Technol. 25(11), 1195–1207 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. C. Khoo, C.-W. Chen, K. L. Hong, T.-H. Lin, and S. Zhao, “Nonlinear Optics of Nematic and Blue Phase Liquid Crystals,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 594(1), 31–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Lucchetti and F. Simoni, “Role of space charges on light-induced effects in nematic liquid crystals doped by methyl red,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 89(3), 032507 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (6)

T.-H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, Green and Blue Reflections Enabled in an Optically Tunable Self-Organized 3D Cubic Nanostructured Thin Film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. C. Khoo, K. L. Hong, S. Zhao, D. Ma, and T.-H. Lin, “Blue-phase liquid crystal cored optical fiber array with photonic bandgaps and nonlinear transmission properties,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4319–4327 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-W. Chen, H.-C. Jau, C.-H. Lee, C.-C. Li, C.-T. Hou, C.-W. Wu, T.-H. Lin, and I. C. Khoo, “Temperature dependence of refractive index in blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(5), 527–532 (2013).
[Crossref]

H.-C. Jau, W.-M. Lai, C.-W. Chen, Y.-T. Lin, H.-K. Hsu, C.-H. Chen, C.-C. Wang, and T.-H. Lin, “Study of electro-optical properties of templated blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1516–1522 (2013).
[Crossref]

S.-i. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, Y. Okumura, and H. Kikuchi, “Lattice plane control of liquid crystal blue phase,” Liq. Cryst. 40(5), 639–645 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, Y. Lan, H. Zhang, R. Zhu, D. Xu, C.-Y. Tsai, J.-K. Lu, N. Sugiura, Y.-C. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, “Optical rotatory power of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131102 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, and T.-H. Lin, “Pinning effect on the photonic bandgaps of blue-phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Opt. 50(11), 1606–1609 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Tiribocchi, G. Gonnella, D. Marenduzzo, and E. Orlandini, “Switching dynamics in cholesteric blue phases,” Soft Matter 7(7), 3295–3306 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, T.-H. Lin, and J.-H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121103 (2010).
[Crossref]

K.-M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S.-T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

G. Zhibing, S. Gauza, J. Meizi Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101104 (2009).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, and P. J. Collings, “Trans-cis isomerization and the blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(5), 051705 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

W. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 111–113 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

I. C. Khoo, M. Y. Shih, M. V. Wood, B. D. Guenther, P. H. Chen, F. Simoni, S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, and L. Lucchetti, “Dye-doped photorefractive liquid crystals for dynamic and storage holographic grating formation and spatial light modulation,” Proc. IEEE 87(11), 1897–1911 (1999).

1995 (1)

R. J. Miller and H. F. Gleeson, “Order parameter measurements from the Kossel diagrams of the liquid-crystal blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 52(5), 5011–5016 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

H.-S. Kitzerow, P. P. Crooker, J. Rand, J. Xu, and G. Heppke, “Electrostriction dynamics of blue phase II crystallites,” J. Phys. 2(3), 279–284 (1992).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

H. Kitzerow, P. P. Crooker, S. L. Kwok, J. Xu, and G. Heppke, “Dynamics of blue-phase selective reflections in an electric field,” Phys. Rev. A 42(6), 3442–3448 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

P. Pierański, P. E. Cladis, T. Garel, and R. Barbet-Massin, “Orientation of crystals of blue phases by electric fields,” J. Phys. 47(1), 139–143 (1986).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

I. C. Khoo and R. Normandin, “The mechanism and dynamics of transient thermal grating diffraction in nematic liquid crystal films,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(4), 329–335 (1985).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

P. J. Collings, “Optical Rotatory Dispersion in Single Crystals of the Cholesteric Blue Phases,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 113(1), 277–289 (1984).
[Crossref]

Barbet-Massin, R.

P. Pierański, P. E. Cladis, T. Garel, and R. Barbet-Massin, “Orientation of crystals of blue phases by electric fields,” J. Phys. 47(1), 139–143 (1986).
[Crossref]

Bisoyi, H. K.

T.-H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, Green and Blue Reflections Enabled in an Optically Tunable Self-Organized 3D Cubic Nanostructured Thin Film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bunning, T. J.

T.-H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, Green and Blue Reflections Enabled in an Optically Tunable Self-Organized 3D Cubic Nanostructured Thin Film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, W.

W. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 111–113 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chanishvili, A.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, and P. J. Collings, “Trans-cis isomerization and the blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(5), 051705 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C.-H.

Chen, C.-W.

I. C. Khoo, C.-W. Chen, K. L. Hong, T.-H. Lin, and S. Zhao, “Nonlinear Optics of Nematic and Blue Phase Liquid Crystals,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 594(1), 31–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

T.-H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, Green and Blue Reflections Enabled in an Optically Tunable Self-Organized 3D Cubic Nanostructured Thin Film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-C. Jau, W.-M. Lai, C.-W. Chen, Y.-T. Lin, H.-K. Hsu, C.-H. Chen, C.-C. Wang, and T.-H. Lin, “Study of electro-optical properties of templated blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1516–1522 (2013).
[Crossref]

C.-W. Chen, H.-C. Jau, C.-H. Lee, C.-C. Li, C.-T. Hou, C.-W. Wu, T.-H. Lin, and I. C. Khoo, “Temperature dependence of refractive index in blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(5), 527–532 (2013).
[Crossref]

C.-W. Chen, H.-C. Jau, C.-T. Wang, C.-H. Lee, I. C. Khoo, and T.-H. Lin, “Random lasing in blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23978–23984 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, K.-M.

K.-M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S.-T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, P. H.

M. Y. Shih, A. Shishido, P. H. Chen, M. V. Wood, and I. C. Khoo, “All-Optical Image Processing with A Supranonlinear Dye-Doped Liquid-Crystal Film,” Opt. Lett. 25(13), 978–980 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. C. Khoo, M. Y. Shih, M. V. Wood, B. D. Guenther, P. H. Chen, F. Simoni, S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, and L. Lucchetti, “Dye-doped photorefractive liquid crystals for dynamic and storage holographic grating formation and spatial light modulation,” Proc. IEEE 87(11), 1897–1911 (1999).

Chen, Y.-J.

Chilaya, G.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, and P. J. Collings, “Trans-cis isomerization and the blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(5), 051705 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cladis, P. E.

P. Pierański, P. E. Cladis, T. Garel, and R. Barbet-Massin, “Orientation of crystals of blue phases by electric fields,” J. Phys. 47(1), 139–143 (1986).
[Crossref]

Collings, P. J.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, and P. J. Collings, “Trans-cis isomerization and the blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(5), 051705 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Collings, “Optical Rotatory Dispersion in Single Crystals of the Cholesteric Blue Phases,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 113(1), 277–289 (1984).
[Crossref]

Crooker, P. P.

H.-S. Kitzerow, P. P. Crooker, J. Rand, J. Xu, and G. Heppke, “Electrostriction dynamics of blue phase II crystallites,” J. Phys. 2(3), 279–284 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. Kitzerow, P. P. Crooker, S. L. Kwok, J. Xu, and G. Heppke, “Dynamics of blue-phase selective reflections in an electric field,” Phys. Rev. A 42(6), 3442–3448 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, G. X.

Fainman, Y.

Francescangeli, O.

I. C. Khoo, M. Y. Shih, M. V. Wood, B. D. Guenther, P. H. Chen, F. Simoni, S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, and L. Lucchetti, “Dye-doped photorefractive liquid crystals for dynamic and storage holographic grating formation and spatial light modulation,” Proc. IEEE 87(11), 1897–1911 (1999).

Garel, T.

P. Pierański, P. E. Cladis, T. Garel, and R. Barbet-Massin, “Orientation of crystals of blue phases by electric fields,” J. Phys. 47(1), 139–143 (1986).
[Crossref]

Gauza, S.

K.-M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S.-T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Zhibing, S. Gauza, J. Meizi Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ge, S. J.

Gleeson, H. F.

R. J. Miller and H. F. Gleeson, “Order parameter measurements from the Kossel diagrams of the liquid-crystal blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 52(5), 5011–5016 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gonnella, G.

A. Tiribocchi, G. Gonnella, D. Marenduzzo, and E. Orlandini, “Switching dynamics in cholesteric blue phases,” Soft Matter 7(7), 3295–3306 (2011).
[Crossref]

Guenther, B. D.

I. C. Khoo, M. Y. Shih, M. V. Wood, B. D. Guenther, P. H. Chen, F. Simoni, S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, and L. Lucchetti, “Dye-doped photorefractive liquid crystals for dynamic and storage holographic grating formation and spatial light modulation,” Proc. IEEE 87(11), 1897–1911 (1999).

Haseba, Y.

S.-i. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, Y. Okumura, and H. Kikuchi, “Lattice plane control of liquid crystal blue phase,” Liq. Cryst. 40(5), 639–645 (2013).
[Crossref]

Heppke, G.

H.-S. Kitzerow, P. P. Crooker, J. Rand, J. Xu, and G. Heppke, “Electrostriction dynamics of blue phase II crystallites,” J. Phys. 2(3), 279–284 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. Kitzerow, P. P. Crooker, S. L. Kwok, J. Xu, and G. Heppke, “Dynamics of blue-phase selective reflections in an electric field,” Phys. Rev. A 42(6), 3442–3448 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Higuchi, H.

S.-i. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, Y. Okumura, and H. Kikuchi, “Lattice plane control of liquid crystal blue phase,” Liq. Cryst. 40(5), 639–645 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hisakado, Y.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hoischen, A.

G. Nordendorf, A. Hoischen, J. Schmidtke, D. Wilkes, and H. S. Kitzerow, “Polymer-stabilized blue phases: promising mesophases for a new generation of liquid crystal displays,” Polym. Adv. Technol. 25(11), 1195–1207 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hong, K. L.

I. C. Khoo, C.-W. Chen, K. L. Hong, T.-H. Lin, and S. Zhao, “Nonlinear Optics of Nematic and Blue Phase Liquid Crystals,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 594(1), 31–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. C. Khoo, K. L. Hong, S. Zhao, D. Ma, and T.-H. Lin, “Blue-phase liquid crystal cored optical fiber array with photonic bandgaps and nonlinear transmission properties,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4319–4327 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hou, C.-T.

Hsu, C.-Y.

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, and T.-H. Lin, “Pinning effect on the photonic bandgaps of blue-phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Opt. 50(11), 1606–1609 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, T.-H. Lin, and J.-H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hsu, H.-K.

Hu, W.

Jau, H.-C.

Ji, W.

Kajiyama, T.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kawata, Y.

Khoo, I. C.

I. C. Khoo, “DC-field-assisted grating formation and nonlinear diffractions in methyl-red dye-doped blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 40(1), 60–63 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ptasinski, I. C. Khoo, and Y. Fainman, “Enhanced optical tuning of modified-geometry resonators clad in blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 39(18), 5435–5438 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. C. Khoo, “Nonlinear optics, active plasmonics and metamaterials with liquid crystals,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 38(2), 77–117 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. C. Khoo, C.-W. Chen, K. L. Hong, T.-H. Lin, and S. Zhao, “Nonlinear Optics of Nematic and Blue Phase Liquid Crystals,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 594(1), 31–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. C. Khoo, K. L. Hong, S. Zhao, D. Ma, and T.-H. Lin, “Blue-phase liquid crystal cored optical fiber array with photonic bandgaps and nonlinear transmission properties,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4319–4327 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-W. Chen, H.-C. Jau, C.-H. Lee, C.-C. Li, C.-T. Hou, C.-W. Wu, T.-H. Lin, and I. C. Khoo, “Temperature dependence of refractive index in blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(5), 527–532 (2013).
[Crossref]

C.-W. Chen, H.-C. Jau, C.-T. Wang, C.-H. Lee, I. C. Khoo, and T.-H. Lin, “Random lasing in blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23978–23984 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. C. Khoo and T.-H. Lin, “Nonlinear optical grating diffraction in dye-doped blue-phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3225–3227 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Y. Shih, A. Shishido, and I. C. Khoo, “All-optical image processing by means of a photosensitive nonlinear liquid-crystal film: edge enhancement and image addition-subtraction,” Opt. Lett. 26(15), 1140–1142 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Y. Shih, A. Shishido, P. H. Chen, M. V. Wood, and I. C. Khoo, “All-Optical Image Processing with A Supranonlinear Dye-Doped Liquid-Crystal Film,” Opt. Lett. 25(13), 978–980 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. C. Khoo, M. Y. Shih, M. V. Wood, B. D. Guenther, P. H. Chen, F. Simoni, S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, and L. Lucchetti, “Dye-doped photorefractive liquid crystals for dynamic and storage holographic grating formation and spatial light modulation,” Proc. IEEE 87(11), 1897–1911 (1999).

I. C. Khoo and R. Normandin, “The mechanism and dynamics of transient thermal grating diffraction in nematic liquid crystal films,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(4), 329–335 (1985).
[Crossref]

Kikuchi, H.

H. Yoshida, S. Yabu, H. Tone, Y. Kawata, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Secondary electro-optic effect in liquid crystalline cholesteric blue phases,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(5), 960–968 (2014).
[Crossref]

S.-i. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, Y. Okumura, and H. Kikuchi, “Lattice plane control of liquid crystal blue phase,” Liq. Cryst. 40(5), 639–645 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kitzerow, H.

H. Kitzerow, P. P. Crooker, S. L. Kwok, J. Xu, and G. Heppke, “Dynamics of blue-phase selective reflections in an electric field,” Phys. Rev. A 42(6), 3442–3448 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kitzerow, H. S.

G. Nordendorf, A. Hoischen, J. Schmidtke, D. Wilkes, and H. S. Kitzerow, “Polymer-stabilized blue phases: promising mesophases for a new generation of liquid crystal displays,” Polym. Adv. Technol. 25(11), 1195–1207 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kitzerow, H.-S.

H.-S. Kitzerow, P. P. Crooker, J. Rand, J. Xu, and G. Heppke, “Electrostriction dynamics of blue phase II crystallites,” J. Phys. 2(3), 279–284 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kwok, S. L.

H. Kitzerow, P. P. Crooker, S. L. Kwok, J. Xu, and G. Heppke, “Dynamics of blue-phase selective reflections in an electric field,” Phys. Rev. A 42(6), 3442–3448 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lai, W.-M.

Lan, Y.

Y. Liu, Y. Lan, H. Zhang, R. Zhu, D. Xu, C.-Y. Tsai, J.-K. Lu, N. Sugiura, Y.-C. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, “Optical rotatory power of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, C.-H.

Li, C.-C.

C.-W. Chen, H.-C. Jau, C.-H. Lee, C.-C. Li, C.-T. Hou, C.-W. Wu, T.-H. Lin, and I. C. Khoo, “Temperature dependence of refractive index in blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(5), 527–532 (2013).
[Crossref]

T.-H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, Green and Blue Reflections Enabled in an Optically Tunable Self-Organized 3D Cubic Nanostructured Thin Film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

T.-H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, Green and Blue Reflections Enabled in an Optically Tunable Self-Organized 3D Cubic Nanostructured Thin Film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

T.-H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, Green and Blue Reflections Enabled in an Optically Tunable Self-Organized 3D Cubic Nanostructured Thin Film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.-C.

Lin, T.-H.

I. C. Khoo, C.-W. Chen, K. L. Hong, T.-H. Lin, and S. Zhao, “Nonlinear Optics of Nematic and Blue Phase Liquid Crystals,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 594(1), 31–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

C.-T. Wang, Y.-C. Li, J.-H. Yu, C. Y. Wang, C.-W. Tseng, H.-C. Jau, Y.-J. Chen, and T.-H. Lin, “Electrically tunable high Q-factor micro-ring resonator based on blue phase liquid crystal cladding,” Opt. Express 22(15), 17776–17781 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T.-H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, Green and Blue Reflections Enabled in an Optically Tunable Self-Organized 3D Cubic Nanostructured Thin Film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-C. Jau, W.-M. Lai, C.-W. Chen, Y.-T. Lin, H.-K. Hsu, C.-H. Chen, C.-C. Wang, and T.-H. Lin, “Study of electro-optical properties of templated blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1516–1522 (2013).
[Crossref]

C.-W. Chen, H.-C. Jau, C.-H. Lee, C.-C. Li, C.-T. Hou, C.-W. Wu, T.-H. Lin, and I. C. Khoo, “Temperature dependence of refractive index in blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(5), 527–532 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. C. Khoo, K. L. Hong, S. Zhao, D. Ma, and T.-H. Lin, “Blue-phase liquid crystal cored optical fiber array with photonic bandgaps and nonlinear transmission properties,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4319–4327 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. C. Khoo and T.-H. Lin, “Nonlinear optical grating diffraction in dye-doped blue-phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3225–3227 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-W. Chen, H.-C. Jau, C.-T. Wang, C.-H. Lee, I. C. Khoo, and T.-H. Lin, “Random lasing in blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23978–23984 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, and T.-H. Lin, “Pinning effect on the photonic bandgaps of blue-phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Opt. 50(11), 1606–1609 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, T.-H. Lin, and J.-H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.-C.

Y. Liu, Y. Lan, H. Zhang, R. Zhu, D. Xu, C.-Y. Tsai, J.-K. Lu, N. Sugiura, Y.-C. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, “Optical rotatory power of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.-T.

Liu, H.-Y.

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, and T.-H. Lin, “Pinning effect on the photonic bandgaps of blue-phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Opt. 50(11), 1606–1609 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, T.-H. Lin, and J.-H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.-H.

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, T.-H. Lin, and J.-H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, Y. Lan, H. Zhang, R. Zhu, D. Xu, C.-Y. Tsai, J.-K. Lu, N. Sugiura, Y.-C. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, “Optical rotatory power of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lu, J.-K.

Y. Liu, Y. Lan, H. Zhang, R. Zhu, D. Xu, C.-Y. Tsai, J.-K. Lu, N. Sugiura, Y.-C. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, “Optical rotatory power of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y. Q.

Lucchetti, L.

L. Lucchetti and F. Simoni, “Role of space charges on light-induced effects in nematic liquid crystals doped by methyl red,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 89(3), 032507 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. C. Khoo, M. Y. Shih, M. V. Wood, B. D. Guenther, P. H. Chen, F. Simoni, S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, and L. Lucchetti, “Dye-doped photorefractive liquid crystals for dynamic and storage holographic grating formation and spatial light modulation,” Proc. IEEE 87(11), 1897–1911 (1999).

Ma, D.

Marenduzzo, D.

A. Tiribocchi, G. Gonnella, D. Marenduzzo, and E. Orlandini, “Switching dynamics in cholesteric blue phases,” Soft Matter 7(7), 3295–3306 (2011).
[Crossref]

Meizi Jiao, J.

G. Zhibing, S. Gauza, J. Meizi Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Miller, R. J.

R. J. Miller and H. F. Gleeson, “Order parameter measurements from the Kossel diagrams of the liquid-crystal blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 52(5), 5011–5016 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muñoz, A.

W. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 111–113 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nagamura, T.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nordendorf, G.

G. Nordendorf, A. Hoischen, J. Schmidtke, D. Wilkes, and H. S. Kitzerow, “Polymer-stabilized blue phases: promising mesophases for a new generation of liquid crystal displays,” Polym. Adv. Technol. 25(11), 1195–1207 (2014).
[Crossref]

Normandin, R.

I. C. Khoo and R. Normandin, “The mechanism and dynamics of transient thermal grating diffraction in nematic liquid crystal films,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(4), 329–335 (1985).
[Crossref]

Okumura, Y.

S.-i. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, Y. Okumura, and H. Kikuchi, “Lattice plane control of liquid crystal blue phase,” Liq. Cryst. 40(5), 639–645 (2013).
[Crossref]

Orlandini, E.

A. Tiribocchi, G. Gonnella, D. Marenduzzo, and E. Orlandini, “Switching dynamics in cholesteric blue phases,” Soft Matter 7(7), 3295–3306 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, M.

Palffy-Muhoray, P.

W. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 111–113 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petriashvili, G.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, and P. J. Collings, “Trans-cis isomerization and the blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(5), 051705 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pieranski, P.

P. Pierański, P. E. Cladis, T. Garel, and R. Barbet-Massin, “Orientation of crystals of blue phases by electric fields,” J. Phys. 47(1), 139–143 (1986).
[Crossref]

Ptasinski, J.

Rand, J.

H.-S. Kitzerow, P. P. Crooker, J. Rand, J. Xu, and G. Heppke, “Electrostriction dynamics of blue phase II crystallites,” J. Phys. 2(3), 279–284 (1992).
[Crossref]

Schmidtke, J.

G. Nordendorf, A. Hoischen, J. Schmidtke, D. Wilkes, and H. S. Kitzerow, “Polymer-stabilized blue phases: promising mesophases for a new generation of liquid crystal displays,” Polym. Adv. Technol. 25(11), 1195–1207 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shih, M. Y.

M. Y. Shih, A. Shishido, and I. C. Khoo, “All-optical image processing by means of a photosensitive nonlinear liquid-crystal film: edge enhancement and image addition-subtraction,” Opt. Lett. 26(15), 1140–1142 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Y. Shih, A. Shishido, P. H. Chen, M. V. Wood, and I. C. Khoo, “All-Optical Image Processing with A Supranonlinear Dye-Doped Liquid-Crystal Film,” Opt. Lett. 25(13), 978–980 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. C. Khoo, M. Y. Shih, M. V. Wood, B. D. Guenther, P. H. Chen, F. Simoni, S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, and L. Lucchetti, “Dye-doped photorefractive liquid crystals for dynamic and storage holographic grating formation and spatial light modulation,” Proc. IEEE 87(11), 1897–1911 (1999).

Shishido, A.

Simoni, F.

L. Lucchetti and F. Simoni, “Role of space charges on light-induced effects in nematic liquid crystals doped by methyl red,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 89(3), 032507 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. C. Khoo, M. Y. Shih, M. V. Wood, B. D. Guenther, P. H. Chen, F. Simoni, S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, and L. Lucchetti, “Dye-doped photorefractive liquid crystals for dynamic and storage holographic grating formation and spatial light modulation,” Proc. IEEE 87(11), 1897–1911 (1999).

Slussarenko, S.

I. C. Khoo, M. Y. Shih, M. V. Wood, B. D. Guenther, P. H. Chen, F. Simoni, S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, and L. Lucchetti, “Dye-doped photorefractive liquid crystals for dynamic and storage holographic grating formation and spatial light modulation,” Proc. IEEE 87(11), 1897–1911 (1999).

Sugiura, N.

Y. Liu, Y. Lan, H. Zhang, R. Zhu, D. Xu, C.-Y. Tsai, J.-K. Lu, N. Sugiura, Y.-C. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, “Optical rotatory power of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Taheri, B.

W. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 111–113 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tiribocchi, A.

A. Tiribocchi, G. Gonnella, D. Marenduzzo, and E. Orlandini, “Switching dynamics in cholesteric blue phases,” Soft Matter 7(7), 3295–3306 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tone, H.

Tsai, C.-Y.

Y. Liu, Y. Lan, H. Zhang, R. Zhu, D. Xu, C.-Y. Tsai, J.-K. Lu, N. Sugiura, Y.-C. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, “Optical rotatory power of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tseng, C.-W.

Wang, C. Y.

Wang, C.-C.

Wang, C.-T.

Wei, B. Y.

Wilkes, D.

G. Nordendorf, A. Hoischen, J. Schmidtke, D. Wilkes, and H. S. Kitzerow, “Polymer-stabilized blue phases: promising mesophases for a new generation of liquid crystal displays,” Polym. Adv. Technol. 25(11), 1195–1207 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wood, M. V.

M. Y. Shih, A. Shishido, P. H. Chen, M. V. Wood, and I. C. Khoo, “All-Optical Image Processing with A Supranonlinear Dye-Doped Liquid-Crystal Film,” Opt. Lett. 25(13), 978–980 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. C. Khoo, M. Y. Shih, M. V. Wood, B. D. Guenther, P. H. Chen, F. Simoni, S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, and L. Lucchetti, “Dye-doped photorefractive liquid crystals for dynamic and storage holographic grating formation and spatial light modulation,” Proc. IEEE 87(11), 1897–1911 (1999).

Wu, C.-W.

Wu, S. T.

G. Zhibing, S. Gauza, J. Meizi Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.-T.

Y. Liu, Y. Lan, H. Zhang, R. Zhu, D. Xu, C.-Y. Tsai, J.-K. Lu, N. Sugiura, Y.-C. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, “Optical rotatory power of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131102 (2013).
[Crossref]

K.-M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S.-T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xianyu, H.

K.-M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S.-T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Zhibing, S. Gauza, J. Meizi Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xu, D.

Y. Liu, Y. Lan, H. Zhang, R. Zhu, D. Xu, C.-Y. Tsai, J.-K. Lu, N. Sugiura, Y.-C. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, “Optical rotatory power of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

H.-S. Kitzerow, P. P. Crooker, J. Rand, J. Xu, and G. Heppke, “Electrostriction dynamics of blue phase II crystallites,” J. Phys. 2(3), 279–284 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. Kitzerow, P. P. Crooker, S. L. Kwok, J. Xu, and G. Heppke, “Dynamics of blue-phase selective reflections in an electric field,” Phys. Rev. A 42(6), 3442–3448 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yabu, S.

Yamamoto, S.-i.

S.-i. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, Y. Okumura, and H. Kikuchi, “Lattice plane control of liquid crystal blue phase,” Liq. Cryst. 40(5), 639–645 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, H.

Yu, J.-H.

Zhang, H.

Y. Liu, Y. Lan, H. Zhang, R. Zhu, D. Xu, C.-Y. Tsai, J.-K. Lu, N. Sugiura, Y.-C. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, “Optical rotatory power of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, S.

I. C. Khoo, C.-W. Chen, K. L. Hong, T.-H. Lin, and S. Zhao, “Nonlinear Optics of Nematic and Blue Phase Liquid Crystals,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 594(1), 31–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. C. Khoo, K. L. Hong, S. Zhao, D. Ma, and T.-H. Lin, “Blue-phase liquid crystal cored optical fiber array with photonic bandgaps and nonlinear transmission properties,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4319–4327 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhibing, G.

G. Zhibing, S. Gauza, J. Meizi Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhu, R.

Y. Liu, Y. Lan, H. Zhang, R. Zhu, D. Xu, C.-Y. Tsai, J.-K. Lu, N. Sugiura, Y.-C. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, “Optical rotatory power of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

T.-H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, Green and Blue Reflections Enabled in an Optically Tunable Self-Organized 3D Cubic Nanostructured Thin Film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, T.-H. Lin, and J.-H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, Y. Lan, H. Zhang, R. Zhu, D. Xu, C.-Y. Tsai, J.-K. Lu, N. Sugiura, Y.-C. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, “Optical rotatory power of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131102 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Zhibing, S. Gauza, J. Meizi Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101104 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

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K.-M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S.-T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(8), 318–322 (2010).
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S.-i. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, Y. Okumura, and H. Kikuchi, “Lattice plane control of liquid crystal blue phase,” Liq. Cryst. 40(5), 639–645 (2013).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic depiction of the wave-mixing experiment involving two coherent pump lasers and a probe on BPLC cell; (b) photographs of the nonlinear grating diffractions of the probe beam at pump beams-on and-off states. With pump beams on, the presence of both thermal and persistent grating index gives rise to a stronger diffraction than if the pump beams are blocked when the thermal component vanished. (Owing to the appearance of many higher orders diffractions, only the first few orders on both sides of the probe beam are shown).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Evolution of the first-order diffraction signals in (a) the first few ms during the pump-on stage and (b) an observational time interval of 600 ms beginning just before the pump-on and long after the pump was off.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Holographic image processing and storage in a MR-BPLC film in BPI, BPII and ISO phases. (a) An object beam ‘8’; (b)–(d) transmitted beams on a screen. Top roll: writing with two beams on; Middle roll: reading with reference beam; Bottom roll: reading with object beam.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Pumped (reddish region) and re-cooled greenish MR-BP film; (b) reflection spectra of the pumped and un-pumped regions; (c) red-colored laser-written text ‘NSYSU’ on a green background; (d) normalized probe intensity recorded as a function of the polarizing angle of analyzer.

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