Abstract

We present a quantum-electrodynamic theory of spontaneous emission in the presence of a phase-conjugating mirror (PCM) and show that the radiative relaxation rate is increased owing to the amplification of quantum noise by the PCM. For any finite value of the PCM reflectivity an atom in any initial state will relax to a steady state with a finite probability of being excited. In particular, there is a finite probability of spontaneous excitation of a ground-state atom placed near the PCM. The fluorescence spectrum of an atom near a PCM is generally described by two Lorentzian functions.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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