Abstract

The construction of millimeter-structured surface beams by superimposing scalar Bessel beams has proven to be a powerful technique for creating visual two-dimensional (2D) images in lossless media. In the present paper, we show that surface frozen waves can indeed be designed even in media having non-zero extinction ratios. Examples are provided for specific surface intensity patterns, revealing that our proposed solutions are promising candidates for a wide range of applications encompassing optical trapping displays, 2D and three-dimensional (3D) imaging and printing, nanochannel ablation in glass, optical trapping and manipulation of micro-sized particles and atoms, and so on.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Supplementary Material (3)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       A 3D visualization of the resistant surface frozen wave of a senoidal pattern. This surface beam consists in a superposition of 472 co-planar and co-propagating ordinary scalar frozen waves in a medium having complex refractive index.
» Visualization 2       A 3D visualization of the resistant surface frozen wave of the einstein equation. This surface beam consists in a superposition of 648 co-planar and co-propagating ordinary scalar frozen waves in a medium having complex refractive index.
» Visualization 3       A 3D visualization of the resistant surface frozen wave of a full rectangle pattern. This surface beam consists in a superposition of 212 co-planar and co-propagating ordinary scalar frozen waves, each one with distinct Q's and L's, inside a medium.

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Equations (5)

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