Abstract

Squeezed states of light can be detected for precision measurements with a heterodyne detector by use of a bichromatic field as the local oscillator, due to the phase-sensitive nature of the device. However, divergence consists of the theoretical description of the quantum noise performance of this detector. Two existing theoretical models are briefly reviewed, with one model predicting a 3 dB quantum noise floor change in detection of two-mode squeezed light if the local oscillator is replaced by a monochromatic one, whereas the other model foretells the same noise floor no matter which local oscillator is used. An experiment on heterodyne detection of two-mode squeezed light is carried out to put the two models under test. No significant difference in the noise floor level is observed between the two detectors, showing the noiseless property of both detectors. This work should be of importance for the understanding of noise origin in optical detection and of great interest in practical application for squeezing-enhanced audio band gravitational-wave signal searching.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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