Abstract

Amplification in random media is investigated from the perspective of diffuse photon density waves (DPDWs). These exponentially decaying waves, typical in absorbing media, exhibit significantly enhanced propagation characteristics in random amplifying media. Consequently, finite amplifying regions, embedded in an absorbing random medium, exhibit specific resonant features governed by the geometry of the amplifying region. For a spheroidal amplifying region, the scattered waves are dominated by the characteristic multipolar resonances, and the monopolar as well as the dipolar resonances are closely related to random lasing thresholds. The levels of amplification at which the resonance (or lasing) occurs can be used to identify the size, shape, and orientation of the amplifying region. These resonant modes are quite robust and survive, even as the modulation frequency of the DPDW is varied from about 100 MHz to zero, thereby indicating a deeper connection between random lasing path distributions and the appropriate gain profiles resulting in the associated intensity distribution of the DPDW modes.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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