Abstract

Light reflexes of the eye pupil are measured with an infrared scanning pupillometer in response to a 74-deg field. At threshold, the pupillary system responds to stimulus energy for short flashes and stimulus magnitude for long flashes. On a plot of log-flash magnitude vs log-flash duration, the intersection of the constant-energy asymptote and the constant-magnitude asymptote is defined as the critical duration. The critical duration was measured at threshold for the pupillary light reflex and visual perception, using seven subjects and three background levels. The critical durations were about 70 msec for most tests, but were shorter for very high backgrounds and longer with no background. Since other investigators have shown that the critical duration cannot be determined within the receptor, this suggests that the pupillary light reflex and visual perception share common temporal processing involving the nervous system beyond the receptor level.

© 1969 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
A Masking Technique for Isolating the Pupillary Response to Focused Light*†

Jack M. Fugate
J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44(10) 771-775 (1954)

Optimizing the Use of the Criterion Response for the Pupil Light Reflex*

John G. Webster, Gerald H. Cohen, and Robert M. Boynton
J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58(3) 419-424 (1968)

Area and Brightness of Stimulus Related to the Pupillary Light Reflex

M. Luckiesh and Frank K. Moss
J. Opt. Soc. Am. 24(5) 130-134 (1934)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (11)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription