Abstract

Aiming for structural health monitoring applications in harsh environments, a high-order sapphire fiber Bragg grating (HO-SFBG) written with a femtosecond (fs) laser in a large-diameter sapphire fiber is demonstrated. The radial refractive index modulation area induced by scanning exposure is greater than 60% of the fiber cross-section area. The large mode overlapping area leads to a transmission resonance strength of approximately 3.0 dB. As demonstrated by numerical simulations of mode excitation and multimode resonance, each mode resonance is significantly superposed when the coupling coefficient is above 0.0005. A study of the high-temperature and strain sensing characteristics of the HO-SFBG shows that each high-order resonance has different response characteristics. This type of large-diameter SFBG has important application potential for high-temperature smart materials with embedded fiber sensors.

© 2018 IEEE

PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription