Abstract

Automotive optical gigabit Ethernet is a technology that is expected to realize autonomous driving cars with notable benefits: electromagnetic interference free, lighter weight, and higher data communication. Plastic optical fibers have been used in automotive optical networks since 1998. To secure a higher data rate, two issues must be considered: the need for modal power distribution (MPD) control and the lack of link margin. Here, we performed a combined study of MPD and the frequency characteristics of a 15-m optical fiber cable with multiple connections. The results reveal that the links have transmission directivity and the number of connections influences the bandwidth with different MPDs, as shown in encircled angular flux (EAF) profiles. We also show that automotive optical connections typically contain an air gap that generates higher mode radiation. To minimize this radiation, we filled the gap with a cured gel. We found that the EAF profile shifts from 13.8° to 15.4° at 50% EAF with a 1.75-dB insertion loss improvement based on the shift at z/a = 3.1 (where z indicates the axial misalignment at the connection, and a is the core radius). The approach presented here is an effective solution for facilitating the rapid realization of automotive optical gigabit communication.

© 2017 IEEE

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