Abstract

It is proposed the multiplexing of optical fiber-based surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors deployed in a ladder topology, addressed in wavelength by combining each sensor with specific fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) and considering intensity interrogation. In each branch of the fiber layout, the FBGs are located after the sensor and the peak optical power reflected by the FBGs is a function of the relative spectral position between the SPR sensor and the FBG resonances, with the former dependent on the refractive index of the surrounding medium. The concept is tested for the multiplexing of two SPR sensors fabricated in an etched region of a single-mode fiber showing intrinsic refractive index sensitivity up to 5000 nm/RIU, which translates into a sensitivity of ∼829 dB/RIU from the interrogation approach considered. The obtained refractive index resolution is in the order of 10−4 RIU, and the crosstalk level between the sensors was found negligible.

© 2014 IEEE

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