Abstract

In this study, we investigate the spectral distribution of the light scattered in step-index polymer optical fibers by illuminating the fibers transversely to their symmetry axis. For that purpose, we have performed wavelength-dependent scattering measurements over the spectral range 400–750 nm in three different commercial step-index polymer optical fibers. We have estimated the mean size of the most influential scattering centers in these polymer optical fibers, analyzing theoretically the experimental results obtained.

© 2014 OAPA

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook: Optical Short Range Transmission Systems, 2nd Ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 2008.
  2. K. Peters, “Polymer optical fiber sensors – a review,” Smart Mater. Struct., vol. 20, pp. 013002–013018, 2011.
  3. T. Kaino, “Polymer optical fibers,” in Polymers for Lightwave and Integrated Optics, L. A. Hornak, Ed. New York, NY, USA: Marcel Dekker, 1992, ch. 1.
  4. J. Zubia and J. Arrue, “Plastic optical fibers: An introduction to their technological processes and applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 7, pp. 101–140, 2001.
  5. Y. Koike, N. Tanio, and Y. Ohtsuka, “Light scattering and heterogeneities in low-loss poly(methyl methacrylate) glasses,” Macromolecules, vol. 22, pp. 1367–1373, 1989.
  6. T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, and S. Oikawa, “Low-loss plastic optical fibers,” Appl. Opt., vol. 20, no. 17, pp. 2886–2888, 1981.
  7. T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, and K. Jinguji, “Preparation of plastic optical fibers,” Rev. Elec. Com. Lab, vol. 32, pp. 478–482, 1984.
  8. Y. Koike, S. Matsuoka, and H. E. Bair, “Origin of excess light scattering in poly(methyl methacrylate) glasses,” Macromolecules, vol. 25, pp. 4807–4815, 1992.
  9. C. A. Bunge, R. Kruglov, and H. Poisel, “Rayleigh and Mie scattering in polymer optical fibers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, pp. 3137–3146, 2006.
  10. G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, M. A. Illarramendi, G. Durana, and J. Zubia, “A comprehensive analysis of scattering in polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 24536–24555, 2010.
  11. M. A. Illarramendi, G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, J. Zubia, G. Durana, and A. Berganza, “Scattering in step-index polymer optical fibers by side-illumination technique: Theory and application,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 29, pp. 1316–1329, 2012.
  12. H. C. Van De Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles. New York, NY, USA: Dover, 1981.
  13. A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory. London, U.K.: Chapman & Hall, 1983.
  14. P. Lenke and K. Krebber, “A new model to calculate the Rayleigh scattering profiles in polymer optical fibers for distributed strain sensing,” presented at the SPIE 20th Int. Conf. Opt. Fibre Sensors, vol. 7503, Edinburgh, U.K., 2009.
  15. Mitsubishi Rayon Co., Ltd., Super ESKA plastic optical fiber [Online]. Available: http:\\www.pofeska.com\.
  16. F. T. Stone, “Separation of total-loss data into its absorption and scattering components: A more accurate model for fiber loss,” Appl. Opt., vol. 21, pp. 2721–2726, 1982.
  17. I. E. Buseet al., “Wavelength dependence of the scattering loss in fluoride optical fibers,” Opt. Lett., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 423–424, 1990.
  18. A. J. Coxet al., “An experiment to measure Mie and Rayleigh total scattering cross sections,” Amer. J. Phys., vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 620–625, 2002.

2012 (1)

M. A. Illarramendi, G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, J. Zubia, G. Durana, and A. Berganza, “Scattering in step-index polymer optical fibers by side-illumination technique: Theory and application,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 29, pp. 1316–1329, 2012.

2011 (1)

K. Peters, “Polymer optical fiber sensors – a review,” Smart Mater. Struct., vol. 20, pp. 013002–013018, 2011.

2010 (1)

G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, M. A. Illarramendi, G. Durana, and J. Zubia, “A comprehensive analysis of scattering in polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 24536–24555, 2010.

2006 (1)

C. A. Bunge, R. Kruglov, and H. Poisel, “Rayleigh and Mie scattering in polymer optical fibers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, pp. 3137–3146, 2006.

2002 (1)

A. J. Coxet al., “An experiment to measure Mie and Rayleigh total scattering cross sections,” Amer. J. Phys., vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 620–625, 2002.

2001 (1)

J. Zubia and J. Arrue, “Plastic optical fibers: An introduction to their technological processes and applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 7, pp. 101–140, 2001.

1992 (1)

Y. Koike, S. Matsuoka, and H. E. Bair, “Origin of excess light scattering in poly(methyl methacrylate) glasses,” Macromolecules, vol. 25, pp. 4807–4815, 1992.

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

Y. Koike, N. Tanio, and Y. Ohtsuka, “Light scattering and heterogeneities in low-loss poly(methyl methacrylate) glasses,” Macromolecules, vol. 22, pp. 1367–1373, 1989.

1984 (1)

T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, and K. Jinguji, “Preparation of plastic optical fibers,” Rev. Elec. Com. Lab, vol. 32, pp. 478–482, 1984.

1982 (1)

1981 (1)

Aldabaldetreku, G.

M. A. Illarramendi, G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, J. Zubia, G. Durana, and A. Berganza, “Scattering in step-index polymer optical fibers by side-illumination technique: Theory and application,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 29, pp. 1316–1329, 2012.

G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, M. A. Illarramendi, G. Durana, and J. Zubia, “A comprehensive analysis of scattering in polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 24536–24555, 2010.

Arrue, J.

J. Zubia and J. Arrue, “Plastic optical fibers: An introduction to their technological processes and applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 7, pp. 101–140, 2001.

Bair, H. E.

Y. Koike, S. Matsuoka, and H. E. Bair, “Origin of excess light scattering in poly(methyl methacrylate) glasses,” Macromolecules, vol. 25, pp. 4807–4815, 1992.

Berganza, A.

M. A. Illarramendi, G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, J. Zubia, G. Durana, and A. Berganza, “Scattering in step-index polymer optical fibers by side-illumination technique: Theory and application,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 29, pp. 1316–1329, 2012.

Bikandi, I.

M. A. Illarramendi, G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, J. Zubia, G. Durana, and A. Berganza, “Scattering in step-index polymer optical fibers by side-illumination technique: Theory and application,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 29, pp. 1316–1329, 2012.

G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, M. A. Illarramendi, G. Durana, and J. Zubia, “A comprehensive analysis of scattering in polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 24536–24555, 2010.

Bunge, C. A.

C. A. Bunge, R. Kruglov, and H. Poisel, “Rayleigh and Mie scattering in polymer optical fibers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, pp. 3137–3146, 2006.

Buse, I. E.

Cox, A. J.

A. J. Coxet al., “An experiment to measure Mie and Rayleigh total scattering cross sections,” Amer. J. Phys., vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 620–625, 2002.

Daum, W.

O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook: Optical Short Range Transmission Systems, 2nd Ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 2008.

Durana, G.

M. A. Illarramendi, G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, J. Zubia, G. Durana, and A. Berganza, “Scattering in step-index polymer optical fibers by side-illumination technique: Theory and application,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 29, pp. 1316–1329, 2012.

G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, M. A. Illarramendi, G. Durana, and J. Zubia, “A comprehensive analysis of scattering in polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 24536–24555, 2010.

Fujiki, M.

T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, and K. Jinguji, “Preparation of plastic optical fibers,” Rev. Elec. Com. Lab, vol. 32, pp. 478–482, 1984.

T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, and S. Oikawa, “Low-loss plastic optical fibers,” Appl. Opt., vol. 20, no. 17, pp. 2886–2888, 1981.

Illarramendi, M. A.

M. A. Illarramendi, G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, J. Zubia, G. Durana, and A. Berganza, “Scattering in step-index polymer optical fibers by side-illumination technique: Theory and application,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 29, pp. 1316–1329, 2012.

G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, M. A. Illarramendi, G. Durana, and J. Zubia, “A comprehensive analysis of scattering in polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 24536–24555, 2010.

Jinguji, K.

T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, and K. Jinguji, “Preparation of plastic optical fibers,” Rev. Elec. Com. Lab, vol. 32, pp. 478–482, 1984.

K. Krebber,

P. Lenke and K. Krebber, “A new model to calculate the Rayleigh scattering profiles in polymer optical fibers for distributed strain sensing,” presented at the SPIE 20th Int. Conf. Opt. Fibre Sensors, vol. 7503, Edinburgh, U.K., 2009.

Kaino, T.

T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, and K. Jinguji, “Preparation of plastic optical fibers,” Rev. Elec. Com. Lab, vol. 32, pp. 478–482, 1984.

T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, and S. Oikawa, “Low-loss plastic optical fibers,” Appl. Opt., vol. 20, no. 17, pp. 2886–2888, 1981.

T. Kaino, “Polymer optical fibers,” in Polymers for Lightwave and Integrated Optics, L. A. Hornak, Ed. New York, NY, USA: Marcel Dekker, 1992, ch. 1.

Koike, Y.

Y. Koike, S. Matsuoka, and H. E. Bair, “Origin of excess light scattering in poly(methyl methacrylate) glasses,” Macromolecules, vol. 25, pp. 4807–4815, 1992.

Y. Koike, N. Tanio, and Y. Ohtsuka, “Light scattering and heterogeneities in low-loss poly(methyl methacrylate) glasses,” Macromolecules, vol. 22, pp. 1367–1373, 1989.

Krauser, J.

O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook: Optical Short Range Transmission Systems, 2nd Ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 2008.

Kruglov, R.

C. A. Bunge, R. Kruglov, and H. Poisel, “Rayleigh and Mie scattering in polymer optical fibers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, pp. 3137–3146, 2006.

Lenke, P.

P. Lenke and K. Krebber, “A new model to calculate the Rayleigh scattering profiles in polymer optical fibers for distributed strain sensing,” presented at the SPIE 20th Int. Conf. Opt. Fibre Sensors, vol. 7503, Edinburgh, U.K., 2009.

Love, J. D.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory. London, U.K.: Chapman & Hall, 1983.

Matsuoka, S.

Y. Koike, S. Matsuoka, and H. E. Bair, “Origin of excess light scattering in poly(methyl methacrylate) glasses,” Macromolecules, vol. 25, pp. 4807–4815, 1992.

Ohtsuka, Y.

Y. Koike, N. Tanio, and Y. Ohtsuka, “Light scattering and heterogeneities in low-loss poly(methyl methacrylate) glasses,” Macromolecules, vol. 22, pp. 1367–1373, 1989.

Oikawa, S.

Peters, K.

K. Peters, “Polymer optical fiber sensors – a review,” Smart Mater. Struct., vol. 20, pp. 013002–013018, 2011.

Poisel, H.

C. A. Bunge, R. Kruglov, and H. Poisel, “Rayleigh and Mie scattering in polymer optical fibers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, pp. 3137–3146, 2006.

Snyder, A. W.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory. London, U.K.: Chapman & Hall, 1983.

Stone, F. T.

Tanio, N.

Y. Koike, N. Tanio, and Y. Ohtsuka, “Light scattering and heterogeneities in low-loss poly(methyl methacrylate) glasses,” Macromolecules, vol. 22, pp. 1367–1373, 1989.

Van De Hulst, H. C.

H. C. Van De Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles. New York, NY, USA: Dover, 1981.

Zamzow, P. E.

O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook: Optical Short Range Transmission Systems, 2nd Ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 2008.

Ziemann, O.

O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook: Optical Short Range Transmission Systems, 2nd Ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 2008.

Zubia, J.

M. A. Illarramendi, G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, J. Zubia, G. Durana, and A. Berganza, “Scattering in step-index polymer optical fibers by side-illumination technique: Theory and application,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 29, pp. 1316–1329, 2012.

G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, M. A. Illarramendi, G. Durana, and J. Zubia, “A comprehensive analysis of scattering in polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 24536–24555, 2010.

J. Zubia and J. Arrue, “Plastic optical fibers: An introduction to their technological processes and applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 7, pp. 101–140, 2001.

Amer. J. Phys. (1)

A. J. Coxet al., “An experiment to measure Mie and Rayleigh total scattering cross sections,” Amer. J. Phys., vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 620–625, 2002.

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

C. A. Bunge, R. Kruglov, and H. Poisel, “Rayleigh and Mie scattering in polymer optical fibers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, pp. 3137–3146, 2006.

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

M. A. Illarramendi, G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, J. Zubia, G. Durana, and A. Berganza, “Scattering in step-index polymer optical fibers by side-illumination technique: Theory and application,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 29, pp. 1316–1329, 2012.

Macromolecules (2)

Y. Koike, N. Tanio, and Y. Ohtsuka, “Light scattering and heterogeneities in low-loss poly(methyl methacrylate) glasses,” Macromolecules, vol. 22, pp. 1367–1373, 1989.

Y. Koike, S. Matsuoka, and H. E. Bair, “Origin of excess light scattering in poly(methyl methacrylate) glasses,” Macromolecules, vol. 25, pp. 4807–4815, 1992.

Opt. Exp. (1)

G. Aldabaldetreku, I. Bikandi, M. A. Illarramendi, G. Durana, and J. Zubia, “A comprehensive analysis of scattering in polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 24536–24555, 2010.

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

J. Zubia and J. Arrue, “Plastic optical fibers: An introduction to their technological processes and applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 7, pp. 101–140, 2001.

Opt. Lett. (1)

Rev. Elec. Com. Lab (1)

T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, and K. Jinguji, “Preparation of plastic optical fibers,” Rev. Elec. Com. Lab, vol. 32, pp. 478–482, 1984.

Smart Mater. Struct. (1)

K. Peters, “Polymer optical fiber sensors – a review,” Smart Mater. Struct., vol. 20, pp. 013002–013018, 2011.

Other (6)

T. Kaino, “Polymer optical fibers,” in Polymers for Lightwave and Integrated Optics, L. A. Hornak, Ed. New York, NY, USA: Marcel Dekker, 1992, ch. 1.

O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook: Optical Short Range Transmission Systems, 2nd Ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 2008.

H. C. Van De Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles. New York, NY, USA: Dover, 1981.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory. London, U.K.: Chapman & Hall, 1983.

P. Lenke and K. Krebber, “A new model to calculate the Rayleigh scattering profiles in polymer optical fibers for distributed strain sensing,” presented at the SPIE 20th Int. Conf. Opt. Fibre Sensors, vol. 7503, Edinburgh, U.K., 2009.

Mitsubishi Rayon Co., Ltd., Super ESKA plastic optical fiber [Online]. Available: http:\\www.pofeska.com\.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.