Abstract

An investigation of the polarization optical properties of index-gradient glass fibers confirmed the applicability of the linear birefringent model to fibers of this type. The phase retardation (δs = 58°/cm) is homogeneously distributed along the whole length of the fiber. The depolarization occurring when the incident polarization angle coincides with the fast (or slow) axis of the fiber is negligibly small. The measuring technique employed allows the phase retardation between the wave components in the privileged directions within the fiber to be determined as a function of the temperature (Δδs/ΔT = 0.09°/K cm). As the fiber is twisted the polarization vector rotates synchronously with the twisted endface of the fiber.

© 1975 Optical Society of America

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