We present an inexpensive novel rapid prototyping approach to a maskless and fully adaptive photolithographic process. Phase-only computer-generated holograms of lithographic masks displayed on a liquid-crystal-on-silicon spatial light modulator were used in a holographic optical lithography system. Using holographic projection allows diffraction-limited performance within the given parameters of the optical system, adaptive software refocusing, and a continuous, pixel-free pattern. With the demonstrator, we have successfully proven the concept for micrometer-size lithographic features.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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