The optical properties of tetrodotoxin (TTX), a scarce toxin with anesthetic properties, were studied using nanoparticle arrays-assisted surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). The nanoparticles arrays were fabricated using nanosphere lithography and a metallic lift-off process to control the particle size, shape, and spacing in the arrays. In the SERS experiment, we were able to measure the Raman spectrum with a TTX concentration as less as 0.9 ng/mL. This sensitivity is comparable to that from high performance liquid chromatography.

© 2009 IEEE

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