An optical fiber sensor based on a tapered-FBG coated with 150 nm-thick Pd film is proposed for hydrogen pressure detection. The FBG was written in a 50 µm-diameter tapered fiber by DUV femtosecond laser technology. A second FBG was inscribed in the untapered fiber region for temperature compensation. The sensing head was able to detect the variation of hydrogen pressure in the range 0–780 kPa and a maximum sensitivity of 0.15 pm/kPa was achieved.
© 2012 Optical Society of AmericaPDF Article