Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate two kinds of all few-mode fiber (FMF) ring lasers with high-order mode (HOM) oscillation in the laser cavity. One kind is a switchable-wavelength all-FMF HOM laser with an output of tunable optical vortex beams (OVBs); the other is a Q-switched all-FMF HOM laser with an output of pulsed cylindrical vector beams (CVBs). The lasers are composed of all-FMF components and few-mode erbium-doped fiber. A Sagnac interferometer made of a 3 dB FMF coupler functions as the wavelength selector, and switchable multiwavelength tunable OVBs are experimentally realized. Carbon nanotube-based saturable absorbers and the nonlinear polarization rotation technique are used to achieve Q-switched CVB lasers. This is the first report, to our knowledge, on the generation of switchable-wavelength and Q-switched HOM beams in all-FMF laser cavities.

© 2018 Chinese Laser Press

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2018 (16)

J. V. Weerdenburg, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. A. Alvarez-Aguirre, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. A. Correa, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and R. Jensen, “138  Tbit/s mode- and wavelength multiplexed transmission over 6-mode graded-index fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 1369–1374 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Z. He, H. Lu, M. Li, W. Zhang, X. Cui, B. Jiang, and J. Zhao, “All-fiber radially/azimuthally polarized lasers based on mode coupling of tapered fibers,” Opt. Lett. 43, 1590–1593 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, F. Shi, T. Wang, X. Liu, X. Zeng, F. Pang, T. Wang, and P. Zhou, “High-order mode Yb-doped fiber lasers based on mode-selective couplers,” Opt. Express 26, 19171–19181 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Wan, J. Wang, Z. Zhang, J. Wang, S. Ruan, and L. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam generation based on mode selective coupler,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 3403–3407 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, T. Wang, C. Mou, Z. Yan, Y. Liu, and T. Wang, “All-fiber vortex laser generated with few-mode long-period gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 30, 752–755 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, W. Zhang, C. Li, D. Mao, F. Gao, L. Huang, D. Yang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “All-fiber cylindrical vector beams laser based on an acoustically-induced fiber grating,” J. Opt. 20, 075608 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Chen, F. Sun, J. Yao, J. Wang, H. Ming, A. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Mode-locked all-fiber laser generating optical vortex pulses with tunable repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, 261103 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Song, H. Xu, H. Wu, L. Huang, J. Xu, H. Zhang, and P. Zhou, “High power narrow linewidth LP11 mode fiber laser using mode-selective FBGs,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 115101 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Zheng, A. Yang, T. Wang, N. Cao, M. Liu, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Switchable wavelength vortex beams based on polarization-dependent micro-knot resonator,” Photon. Res. 6, 396–402 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, J. Wang, H. Wan, and L. Zhang, “Switchable dual-wavelength cylindrical vector beam generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1100906 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Yao, G. Ren, Y. Yang, Y. Shen, Y. Jiang, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Few-mode fiber Bragg grating-based multi-wavelength fiber laser with tunable orbital angular momentum beam output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 095001 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Shi, Y. Huang, J. Wen, Z. Luo, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “High-order mode direct oscillation of few-mode fiber laser for high-quality cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Express 26, 11850–11858 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Qin, X. Xiao, P. Wang, and C. Yang, “Observation of soliton molecules in a spatiotemporal mode-locked multimode fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 43, 1982–1985 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Wen, X. He, J. Xing, J. Yang, F. Pang, X. Zeng, Z. Chen, and T. Wang, “All-fiber OAM amplifier with high purity and broadband spectrum gain based on fused taper vortex-beam coupler,” IEEE Photon. J. 10, 7105308 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, Y. Chen, Y. Li, H. Zhang, S. Zheng, and S. Xu, “Switchable dual-wavelength Q-switched fiber laser using multilayer black phosphorus as a saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 6, 198–203 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (9)

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. Al Araimi, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Generation of the tunable second-order optical vortex beams in narrow linewidth fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 1659–1662 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Lin, N. Baktash, M. Berendt, M. Beresna, P. Kazansky, W. Clarkson, S. Alam, and D. Richardson, “Radially and azimuthally polarized nanosecond Yb-doped fiber MOPA system incorporating temporal shaping,” Opt. Lett. 42, 1740–1743 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. G. Wright, D. N. Christodoulides, and F. W. Wise, “Spatiotemporal mode-locking in multimode fiber lasers,” Science 358, 94–97 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, K. Yan, R. S. Chen, C. Gu, L. X. Xu, A. T. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Resonance efficiency enhancement for cylindrical vector fiber laser with optically induced long period grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 161104 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Wei, W. Zhang, L. Huang, D. Mao, F. Gao, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams and optical vortex by two acoustically induced fiber gratings with orthogonal vibration directions,” Opt. Express 25, 2733–2741 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (8)

W. Zhang, L. Huang, K. Wei, P. Li, B. Jiang, D. Mao, F. Gao, T. Mei, G. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “High-order optical vortex generation in a few-mode fiber via cascaded acoustically driven vector mode conversion,” Opt. Lett. 41, 5082–5085 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, “Advances in communications using optical vortices,” Photon. Res. 4, B14–B28 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Feng, D. Ding, F. Yan, Z. Zhao, H. Su, and X. S. Yao, “Widely tunable single-/dual-wavelength fiber lasers with ultra-narrow linewidth and high OSNR using high quality passive subring cavity and novel tuning method,” Opt. Express 24, 19760–19768 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. D’Aguanno and C. R. Menyuk, “Nonlinear mode coupling in whispering-gallery-mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 043820 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, G. Ren, Y. Lian, B. Zhu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Tunable orbital angular momentum generation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3535–3538 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10, 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, J. Wen, and T. Wang, “Mode converter based on the long-period fiber gratings written in the two-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 24, 6186–6195 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

2014 (2)

2013 (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

Z. Luo, J. Liu, H. Wang, A. Luo, and W. Xu, “Wide-band tunable passively Q-switched all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation technique,” Laser Phys. 22, 203–206 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, X. Zeng, F. Pang, M. Wang, and T. Wang, “Switchable multiwavelength fiber laser by using a compact in-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Opt. 14, 045403 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

Al Araimi, M.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. Al Araimi, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Alam, S.

Alvarado-Zacarias, J. C.

Alvarez-Aguirre, R. A.

Baktash, N.

Bednyakova, A.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. Al Araimi, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Berendt, M.

Beresna, M.

Brambilla, G.

Cai, Y.

Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, J. Wang, H. Wan, and L. Zhang, “Switchable dual-wavelength cylindrical vector beam generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1100906 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cao, N.

Chen, G.

Chen, H.

J. V. Weerdenburg, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. A. Alvarez-Aguirre, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. A. Correa, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and R. Jensen, “138  Tbit/s mode- and wavelength multiplexed transmission over 6-mode graded-index fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 1369–1374 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10, 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, R.

R. Chen, F. Sun, J. Yao, J. Wang, H. Ming, A. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Mode-locked all-fiber laser generating optical vortex pulses with tunable repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, 261103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, R. S.

Y. Zhou, K. Yan, R. S. Chen, C. Gu, L. X. Xu, A. T. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Resonance efficiency enhancement for cylindrical vector fiber laser with optically induced long period grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 161104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Chen, Z.

J. Wen, X. He, J. Xing, J. Yang, F. Pang, X. Zeng, Z. Chen, and T. Wang, “All-fiber OAM amplifier with high purity and broadband spectrum gain based on fused taper vortex-beam coupler,” IEEE Photon. J. 10, 7105308 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chernysheva, M.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. Al Araimi, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Christodoulides, D. N.

L. G. Wright, D. N. Christodoulides, and F. W. Wise, “Spatiotemporal mode-locking in multimode fiber lasers,” Science 358, 94–97 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chung, D.

Clarkson, W.

Codemard, C. A.

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Correa, R. A.

Cui, X.

D’Aguanno, G.

G. D’Aguanno and C. R. Menyuk, “Nonlinear mode coupling in whispering-gallery-mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 043820 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ding, D.

Du, C.

Essiambre, R. J.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10, 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Feng, T.

Fini, J. M.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10, 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N. K.

Galzerano, G.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. Al Araimi, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gambetta, A.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. Al Araimi, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gao, F.

Grégoire, N.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10, 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

Gu, C.

Y. Zhou, K. Yan, R. S. Chen, C. Gu, L. X. Xu, A. T. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Resonance efficiency enhancement for cylindrical vector fiber laser with optically induced long period grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 161104 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Wang, B. Sun, C. Gu, D. Chung, G. Chen, L. Xu, and Q. Zhan, “Mode-locked all-fiber laser producing radially polarized rectangular pulses,” Opt. Lett. 40, 1691–1694 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hasan, T.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. Al Araimi, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

He, X.

J. Wen, X. He, J. Xing, J. Yang, F. Pang, X. Zeng, Z. Chen, and T. Wang, “All-fiber OAM amplifier with high purity and broadband spectrum gain based on fused taper vortex-beam coupler,” IEEE Photon. J. 10, 7105308 (2018).
[Crossref]

He, Z.

Hidai, H.

F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
[Crossref]

Howe, R. C.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. Al Araimi, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hu, G.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. Al Araimi, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

Huang, B.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10, 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, L.

X. Zhang, W. Zhang, C. Li, D. Mao, F. Gao, L. Huang, D. Yang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “All-fiber cylindrical vector beams laser based on an acoustically-induced fiber grating,” J. Opt. 20, 075608 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Song, H. Xu, H. Wu, L. Huang, J. Xu, H. Zhang, and P. Zhou, “High power narrow linewidth LP11 mode fiber laser using mode-selective FBGs,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 115101 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Wei, W. Zhang, L. Huang, D. Mao, F. Gao, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams and optical vortex by two acoustically induced fiber gratings with orthogonal vibration directions,” Opt. Express 25, 2733–2741 (2017).
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W. Zhang, L. Huang, K. Wei, P. Li, B. Jiang, D. Mao, F. Gao, T. Mei, G. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “High-order optical vortex generation in a few-mode fiber via cascaded acoustically driven vector mode conversion,” Opt. Lett. 41, 5082–5085 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, S.

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “All-fiber mode-locked vortex laser with a broadband mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu3J.2.

Huang, Y.

Ismaeel, R.

Jensen, R.

Jian, S.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Yao, G. Ren, Y. Yang, Y. Shen, Y. Jiang, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Few-mode fiber Bragg grating-based multi-wavelength fiber laser with tunable orbital angular momentum beam output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 095001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Generation of the tunable second-order optical vortex beams in narrow linewidth fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 1659–1662 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, G. Ren, Y. Lian, B. Zhu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Tunable orbital angular momentum generation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3535–3538 (2016).
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Jiang, B.

Jiang, Y.

S. Yao, G. Ren, Y. Yang, Y. Shen, Y. Jiang, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Few-mode fiber Bragg grating-based multi-wavelength fiber laser with tunable orbital angular momentum beam output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 095001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Generation of the tunable second-order optical vortex beams in narrow linewidth fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 1659–1662 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, G. Ren, Y. Lian, B. Zhu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Tunable orbital angular momentum generation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3535–3538 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jin, C.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10, 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jin, W.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Generation of the tunable second-order optical vortex beams in narrow linewidth fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 1659–1662 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, G. Ren, Y. Lian, B. Zhu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Tunable orbital angular momentum generation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3535–3538 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jung, Y.

Kazansky, P.

Lee, T.

Li, C.

X. Zhang, W. Zhang, C. Li, D. Mao, F. Gao, L. Huang, D. Yang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “All-fiber cylindrical vector beams laser based on an acoustically-induced fiber grating,” J. Opt. 20, 075608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10, 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

Li, P.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, L. Huang, K. Wei, P. Li, B. Jiang, D. Mao, F. Gao, T. Mei, G. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “High-order optical vortex generation in a few-mode fiber via cascaded acoustically driven vector mode conversion,” Opt. Lett. 41, 5082–5085 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, S.

Li, Y.

Lian, Y.

Lin, D.

Liu, J.

J. Liu, Y. Chen, Y. Li, H. Zhang, S. Zheng, and S. Xu, “Switchable dual-wavelength Q-switched fiber laser using multilayer black phosphorus as a saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 6, 198–203 (2018).
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Z. Luo, J. Liu, H. Wang, A. Luo, and W. Xu, “Wide-band tunable passively Q-switched all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation technique,” Laser Phys. 22, 203–206 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

Y. Zhao, T. Wang, C. Mou, Z. Yan, Y. Liu, and T. Wang, “All-fiber vortex laser generated with few-mode long-period gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 30, 752–755 (2018).
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Y. Zhao, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, J. Wen, and T. Wang, “Mode converter based on the long-period fiber gratings written in the two-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 24, 6186–6195 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lu, H.

D. Mao, Z. He, H. Lu, M. Li, W. Zhang, X. Cui, B. Jiang, and J. Zhao, “All-fiber radially/azimuthally polarized lasers based on mode coupling of tapered fibers,” Opt. Lett. 43, 1590–1593 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Luo, A.

Z. Luo, J. Liu, H. Wang, A. Luo, and W. Xu, “Wide-band tunable passively Q-switched all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation technique,” Laser Phys. 22, 203–206 (2012).
[Crossref]

Luo, S.

Luo, Z.

T. Wang, F. Shi, Y. Huang, J. Wen, Z. Luo, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “High-order mode direct oscillation of few-mode fiber laser for high-quality cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Express 26, 11850–11858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, J. Liu, H. Wang, A. Luo, and W. Xu, “Wide-band tunable passively Q-switched all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation technique,” Laser Phys. 22, 203–206 (2012).
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Mao, D.

Mei, T.

Menyuk, C. R.

G. D’Aguanno and C. R. Menyuk, “Nonlinear mode coupling in whispering-gallery-mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 043820 (2016).
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R. Chen, F. Sun, J. Yao, J. Wang, H. Ming, A. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Mode-locked all-fiber laser generating optical vortex pulses with tunable repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, 261103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, K.

F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mo, Q.

Morency, S.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10, 529–533 (2016).
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F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
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Mou, C.

Y. Zhao, T. Wang, C. Mou, Z. Yan, Y. Liu, and T. Wang, “All-fiber vortex laser generated with few-mode long-period gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 30, 752–755 (2018).
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D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
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Omatsu, T.

F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
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Pang, F.

J. Wen, X. He, J. Xing, J. Yang, F. Pang, X. Zeng, Z. Chen, and T. Wang, “All-fiber OAM amplifier with high purity and broadband spectrum gain based on fused taper vortex-beam coupler,” IEEE Photon. J. 10, 7105308 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Zheng, A. Yang, T. Wang, N. Cao, M. Liu, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Switchable wavelength vortex beams based on polarization-dependent micro-knot resonator,” Photon. Res. 6, 396–402 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Shi, Y. Huang, J. Wen, Z. Luo, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “High-order mode direct oscillation of few-mode fiber laser for high-quality cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Express 26, 11850–11858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, F. Shi, T. Wang, X. Liu, X. Zeng, F. Pang, T. Wang, and P. Zhou, “High-order mode Yb-doped fiber lasers based on mode-selective couplers,” Opt. Express 26, 19171–19181 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, X. Zeng, F. Pang, M. Wang, and T. Wang, “Switchable multiwavelength fiber laser by using a compact in-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Opt. 14, 045403 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “All-fiber mode-locked vortex laser with a broadband mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu3J.2.

Qin, H.

Ren, G.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Yao, G. Ren, Y. Yang, Y. Shen, Y. Jiang, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Few-mode fiber Bragg grating-based multi-wavelength fiber laser with tunable orbital angular momentum beam output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 095001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Generation of the tunable second-order optical vortex beams in narrow linewidth fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 1659–1662 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, G. Ren, Y. Lian, B. Zhu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Tunable orbital angular momentum generation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3535–3538 (2016).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D.

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

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M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. Al Araimi, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ruan, S.

Rümmeli, M.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. Al Araimi, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
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J. V. Weerdenburg, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. A. Alvarez-Aguirre, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. A. Correa, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and R. Jensen, “138  Tbit/s mode- and wavelength multiplexed transmission over 6-mode graded-index fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 1369–1374 (2018).
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H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10, 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shang, K.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10, 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shen, Q.

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Yao, G. Ren, Y. Yang, Y. Shen, Y. Jiang, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Few-mode fiber Bragg grating-based multi-wavelength fiber laser with tunable orbital angular momentum beam output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 095001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Generation of the tunable second-order optical vortex beams in narrow linewidth fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 1659–1662 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shi, F.

T. Wang, F. Shi, Y. Huang, J. Wen, Z. Luo, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “High-order mode direct oscillation of few-mode fiber laser for high-quality cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Express 26, 11850–11858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, F. Shi, T. Wang, X. Liu, X. Zeng, F. Pang, T. Wang, and P. Zhou, “High-order mode Yb-doped fiber lasers based on mode-selective couplers,” Opt. Express 26, 19171–19181 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “All-fiber mode-locked vortex laser with a broadband mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu3J.2.

Song, J.

J. Song, H. Xu, H. Wu, L. Huang, J. Xu, H. Zhang, and P. Zhou, “High power narrow linewidth LP11 mode fiber laser using mode-selective FBGs,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 115101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Su, H.

Sun, B.

Sun, F.

R. Chen, F. Sun, J. Yao, J. Wang, H. Ming, A. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Mode-locked all-fiber laser generating optical vortex pulses with tunable repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, 261103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y.

Sun, Z.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, F.

F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
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Wan, H.

Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, J. Wang, H. Wan, and L. Zhang, “Switchable dual-wavelength cylindrical vector beam generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1100906 (2018).
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H. Wan, J. Wang, Z. Zhang, J. Wang, S. Ruan, and L. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam generation based on mode selective coupler,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 3403–3407 (2018).
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R. Chen, F. Sun, J. Yao, J. Wang, H. Ming, A. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Mode-locked all-fiber laser generating optical vortex pulses with tunable repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, 261103 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Wang, B. Sun, C. Gu, D. Chung, G. Chen, L. Xu, and Q. Zhan, “Mode-locked all-fiber laser producing radially polarized rectangular pulses,” Opt. Lett. 40, 1691–1694 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, A. T.

Y. Zhou, K. Yan, R. S. Chen, C. Gu, L. X. Xu, A. T. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Resonance efficiency enhancement for cylindrical vector fiber laser with optically induced long period grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 161104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “All-fiber mode-locked vortex laser with a broadband mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu3J.2.

Wang, H.

Z. Luo, J. Liu, H. Wang, A. Luo, and W. Xu, “Wide-band tunable passively Q-switched all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation technique,” Laser Phys. 22, 203–206 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Wang, M.

Q. Zhang, X. Zeng, F. Pang, M. Wang, and T. Wang, “Switchable multiwavelength fiber laser by using a compact in-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Opt. 14, 045403 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

Wang, T.

J. Zheng, A. Yang, T. Wang, N. Cao, M. Liu, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Switchable wavelength vortex beams based on polarization-dependent micro-knot resonator,” Photon. Res. 6, 396–402 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Zheng, A. Yang, T. Wang, N. Cao, M. Liu, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Switchable wavelength vortex beams based on polarization-dependent micro-knot resonator,” Photon. Res. 6, 396–402 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Shi, Y. Huang, J. Wen, Z. Luo, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “High-order mode direct oscillation of few-mode fiber laser for high-quality cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Express 26, 11850–11858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, F. Shi, T. Wang, X. Liu, X. Zeng, F. Pang, T. Wang, and P. Zhou, “High-order mode Yb-doped fiber lasers based on mode-selective couplers,” Opt. Express 26, 19171–19181 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Shi, Y. Huang, J. Wen, Z. Luo, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “High-order mode direct oscillation of few-mode fiber laser for high-quality cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Express 26, 11850–11858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, F. Shi, T. Wang, X. Liu, X. Zeng, F. Pang, T. Wang, and P. Zhou, “High-order mode Yb-doped fiber lasers based on mode-selective couplers,” Opt. Express 26, 19171–19181 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, T. Wang, C. Mou, Z. Yan, Y. Liu, and T. Wang, “All-fiber vortex laser generated with few-mode long-period gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 30, 752–755 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, T. Wang, C. Mou, Z. Yan, Y. Liu, and T. Wang, “All-fiber vortex laser generated with few-mode long-period gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 30, 752–755 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Wen, X. He, J. Xing, J. Yang, F. Pang, X. Zeng, Z. Chen, and T. Wang, “All-fiber OAM amplifier with high purity and broadband spectrum gain based on fused taper vortex-beam coupler,” IEEE Photon. J. 10, 7105308 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, J. Wen, and T. Wang, “Mode converter based on the long-period fiber gratings written in the two-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 24, 6186–6195 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, X. Zeng, F. Pang, M. Wang, and T. Wang, “Switchable multiwavelength fiber laser by using a compact in-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Opt. 14, 045403 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “All-fiber mode-locked vortex laser with a broadband mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu3J.2.

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “All-fiber mode-locked vortex laser with a broadband mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu3J.2.

Wang, Y.

Weerdenburg, J. V.

Wei, K.

Wen, J.

Wise, F. W.

L. G. Wright, D. N. Christodoulides, and F. W. Wise, “Spatiotemporal mode-locking in multimode fiber lasers,” Science 358, 94–97 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wright, L. G.

L. G. Wright, D. N. Christodoulides, and F. W. Wise, “Spatiotemporal mode-locking in multimode fiber lasers,” Science 358, 94–97 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

J. Song, H. Xu, H. Wu, L. Huang, J. Xu, H. Zhang, and P. Zhou, “High power narrow linewidth LP11 mode fiber laser using mode-selective FBGs,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 115101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Generation of the tunable second-order optical vortex beams in narrow linewidth fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 1659–1662 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xiao, S.

S. Yao, G. Ren, Y. Yang, Y. Shen, Y. Jiang, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Few-mode fiber Bragg grating-based multi-wavelength fiber laser with tunable orbital angular momentum beam output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 095001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Generation of the tunable second-order optical vortex beams in narrow linewidth fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 1659–1662 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xiao, X.

Xing, J.

J. Wen, X. He, J. Xing, J. Yang, F. Pang, X. Zeng, Z. Chen, and T. Wang, “All-fiber OAM amplifier with high purity and broadband spectrum gain based on fused taper vortex-beam coupler,” IEEE Photon. J. 10, 7105308 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.

J. Song, H. Xu, H. Wu, L. Huang, J. Xu, H. Zhang, and P. Zhou, “High power narrow linewidth LP11 mode fiber laser using mode-selective FBGs,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 115101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

J. Song, H. Xu, H. Wu, L. Huang, J. Xu, H. Zhang, and P. Zhou, “High power narrow linewidth LP11 mode fiber laser using mode-selective FBGs,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 115101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, L.

Xu, L. X.

Y. Zhou, K. Yan, R. S. Chen, C. Gu, L. X. Xu, A. T. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Resonance efficiency enhancement for cylindrical vector fiber laser with optically induced long period grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 161104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, S.

Xu, W.

Z. Luo, J. Liu, H. Wang, A. Luo, and W. Xu, “Wide-band tunable passively Q-switched all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation technique,” Laser Phys. 22, 203–206 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Generation of the tunable second-order optical vortex beams in narrow linewidth fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 1659–1662 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yamane, K.

F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yan, F.

Yan, K.

Y. Zhou, K. Yan, R. S. Chen, C. Gu, L. X. Xu, A. T. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Resonance efficiency enhancement for cylindrical vector fiber laser with optically induced long period grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 161104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yan, Z.

Y. Zhao, T. Wang, C. Mou, Z. Yan, Y. Liu, and T. Wang, “All-fiber vortex laser generated with few-mode long-period gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 30, 752–755 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, A.

Yang, C.

Yang, D.

X. Zhang, W. Zhang, C. Li, D. Mao, F. Gao, L. Huang, D. Yang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “All-fiber cylindrical vector beams laser based on an acoustically-induced fiber grating,” J. Opt. 20, 075608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

J. Wen, X. He, J. Xing, J. Yang, F. Pang, X. Zeng, Z. Chen, and T. Wang, “All-fiber OAM amplifier with high purity and broadband spectrum gain based on fused taper vortex-beam coupler,” IEEE Photon. J. 10, 7105308 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

S. Yao, G. Ren, Y. Yang, Y. Shen, Y. Jiang, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Few-mode fiber Bragg grating-based multi-wavelength fiber laser with tunable orbital angular momentum beam output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 095001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Generation of the tunable second-order optical vortex beams in narrow linewidth fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 1659–1662 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yao, J.

R. Chen, F. Sun, J. Yao, J. Wang, H. Ming, A. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Mode-locked all-fiber laser generating optical vortex pulses with tunable repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, 261103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yao, S.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Yao, G. Ren, Y. Yang, Y. Shen, Y. Jiang, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Few-mode fiber Bragg grating-based multi-wavelength fiber laser with tunable orbital angular momentum beam output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 095001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Generation of the tunable second-order optical vortex beams in narrow linewidth fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 1659–1662 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yao, X. S.

Zeng, X.

J. Zheng, A. Yang, T. Wang, N. Cao, M. Liu, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Switchable wavelength vortex beams based on polarization-dependent micro-knot resonator,” Photon. Res. 6, 396–402 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Shi, Y. Huang, J. Wen, Z. Luo, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “High-order mode direct oscillation of few-mode fiber laser for high-quality cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Express 26, 11850–11858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, F. Shi, T. Wang, X. Liu, X. Zeng, F. Pang, T. Wang, and P. Zhou, “High-order mode Yb-doped fiber lasers based on mode-selective couplers,” Opt. Express 26, 19171–19181 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Wen, X. He, J. Xing, J. Yang, F. Pang, X. Zeng, Z. Chen, and T. Wang, “All-fiber OAM amplifier with high purity and broadband spectrum gain based on fused taper vortex-beam coupler,” IEEE Photon. J. 10, 7105308 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, X. Zeng, F. Pang, M. Wang, and T. Wang, “Switchable multiwavelength fiber laser by using a compact in-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Opt. 14, 045403 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “All-fiber mode-locked vortex laser with a broadband mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu3J.2.

Zervas, M. N.

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhan, L.

Zhan, Q.

R. Chen, F. Sun, J. Yao, J. Wang, H. Ming, A. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Mode-locked all-fiber laser generating optical vortex pulses with tunable repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, 261103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, K. Yan, R. S. Chen, C. Gu, L. X. Xu, A. T. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Resonance efficiency enhancement for cylindrical vector fiber laser with optically induced long period grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 161104 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Wang, B. Sun, C. Gu, D. Chung, G. Chen, L. Xu, and Q. Zhan, “Mode-locked all-fiber laser producing radially polarized rectangular pulses,” Opt. Lett. 40, 1691–1694 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Zhang, G.

Zhang, H.

J. Liu, Y. Chen, Y. Li, H. Zhang, S. Zheng, and S. Xu, “Switchable dual-wavelength Q-switched fiber laser using multilayer black phosphorus as a saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 6, 198–203 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Song, H. Xu, H. Wu, L. Huang, J. Xu, H. Zhang, and P. Zhou, “High power narrow linewidth LP11 mode fiber laser using mode-selective FBGs,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 115101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, Q.

Q. Zhang, X. Zeng, F. Pang, M. Wang, and T. Wang, “Switchable multiwavelength fiber laser by using a compact in-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Opt. 14, 045403 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, W. Zhang, C. Li, D. Mao, F. Gao, L. Huang, D. Yang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “All-fiber cylindrical vector beams laser based on an acoustically-induced fiber grating,” J. Opt. 20, 075608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, J. Wang, H. Wan, and L. Zhang, “Switchable dual-wavelength cylindrical vector beam generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1100906 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Wan, J. Wang, Z. Zhang, J. Wang, S. Ruan, and L. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam generation based on mode selective coupler,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 3403–3407 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, T. Wang, C. Mou, Z. Yan, Y. Liu, and T. Wang, “All-fiber vortex laser generated with few-mode long-period gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 30, 752–755 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, J. Wen, and T. Wang, “Mode converter based on the long-period fiber gratings written in the two-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 24, 6186–6195 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

Zheng, J.

Zheng, S.

Zhou, P.

Y. Huang, F. Shi, T. Wang, X. Liu, X. Zeng, F. Pang, T. Wang, and P. Zhou, “High-order mode Yb-doped fiber lasers based on mode-selective couplers,” Opt. Express 26, 19171–19181 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Song, H. Xu, H. Wu, L. Huang, J. Xu, H. Zhang, and P. Zhou, “High power narrow linewidth LP11 mode fiber laser using mode-selective FBGs,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 115101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

Y. Zhou, K. Yan, R. S. Chen, C. Gu, L. X. Xu, A. T. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Resonance efficiency enhancement for cylindrical vector fiber laser with optically induced long period grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 161104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhu, B.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, G. Ren, Y. Lian, B. Zhu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Tunable orbital angular momentum generation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3535–3538 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

R. Chen, F. Sun, J. Yao, J. Wang, H. Ming, A. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Mode-locked all-fiber laser generating optical vortex pulses with tunable repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, 261103 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, K. Yan, R. S. Chen, C. Gu, L. X. Xu, A. T. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Resonance efficiency enhancement for cylindrical vector fiber laser with optically induced long period grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 161104 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, J. Wang, H. Wan, and L. Zhang, “Switchable dual-wavelength cylindrical vector beam generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1100906 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

J. Wen, X. He, J. Xing, J. Yang, F. Pang, X. Zeng, Z. Chen, and T. Wang, “All-fiber OAM amplifier with high purity and broadband spectrum gain based on fused taper vortex-beam coupler,” IEEE Photon. J. 10, 7105308 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

Y. Zhao, T. Wang, C. Mou, Z. Yan, Y. Liu, and T. Wang, “All-fiber vortex laser generated with few-mode long-period gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 30, 752–755 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, W. Jin, and S. Jian, “Generation of the tunable second-order optical vortex beams in narrow linewidth fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 1659–1662 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29, 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Opt. (2)

Q. Zhang, X. Zeng, F. Pang, M. Wang, and T. Wang, “Switchable multiwavelength fiber laser by using a compact in-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Opt. 14, 045403 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, W. Zhang, C. Li, D. Mao, F. Gao, L. Huang, D. Yang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “All-fiber cylindrical vector beams laser based on an acoustically-induced fiber grating,” J. Opt. 20, 075608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

Z. Luo, J. Liu, H. Wang, A. Luo, and W. Xu, “Wide-band tunable passively Q-switched all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation technique,” Laser Phys. 22, 203–206 (2012).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Yao, G. Ren, Y. Yang, Y. Shen, Y. Jiang, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Few-mode fiber Bragg grating-based multi-wavelength fiber laser with tunable orbital angular momentum beam output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 095001 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Song, H. Xu, H. Wu, L. Huang, J. Xu, H. Zhang, and P. Zhou, “High power narrow linewidth LP11 mode fiber laser using mode-selective FBGs,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 115101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10, 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Photon. Res. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

G. D’Aguanno and C. R. Menyuk, “Nonlinear mode coupling in whispering-gallery-mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 043820 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (2)

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. Al Araimi, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

L. G. Wright, D. N. Christodoulides, and F. W. Wise, “Spatiotemporal mode-locking in multimode fiber lasers,” Science 358, 94–97 (2017).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “All-fiber mode-locked vortex laser with a broadband mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu3J.2.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of a multiwavelength all-FMF ring laser. LD, laser diode; MSC, mode-selective coupler; FMF-WDM, few-mode fiber wavelength division multiplexer; FM-EDF, few mode erbium-doped fiber; PD-ISO, polarization dependent isolator; PC, polarization controller; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; CCD, charge-coupled device, infrared camera.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Spectral response of an all-FMF Sagnac interferometer. Transmission spectra with different launch modes: (a) LP01 mode and (b) LP11 mode. (c) and (d) Transmission spectra from 1540 to 1550 nm.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Spectra of multiwavelength operations when adjusting the PCs. Output spectra of successively tunable (a) single-, (b) dual-, (c) triple-, and (d) quadruple-wavelength lasing operations.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Stability of triple-wavelength output spectra. (a) Repeated scans of the triple-wavelength output spectrum every two minutes. (b) Power fluctuation (black) and central wavelength (blue) of each channel.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Near-field intensity distributions of the FMF laser. (a) Single-wavelength LP11 mode and (b) corresponding tunable OVBs when pressing the end of the FMF. (e) Triple-wavelength LP11 mode and (f) corresponding tunable OVBs. (c1)–(c4) and (g1)–(g4) Near-field intensity patterns with rotation of a polarizer. (d1)–(d4) and (h1)–(h4) Corresponding interference patterns. The white arrows indicate the polarization orientation.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Schematic of Q-switched all-FMF ring laser. CNT-SA, carbon nanotube saturable absorber.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) Output optical spectrum of a Q-switched fiber laser. (b) Typical Q-switched pulse train. (c) Single pulse envelope. (d) RF spectrum.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. (a) Average output power and pulse energy versus pump power. (b) Pulse duration and repetition rate versus pump power.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Near-field intensity distribution of TM01 (top) and TE01 (bottom) modes with rotation of a polarizer.

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