Abstract

Strong near-infrared (NIR) localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPRs) have been observed in spherical Cu1.94S nanocrystals and matchstick-like Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals, which have been synthesized using a simple one-pot approach without any injection and pre-synthesis of metal precursors. The LSPRs peak of the Cu1.94S nanocrystals could be tuned from 1680 nm to 1375 nm by heterogrowth of ZnS onto the Cu1.94S nanocrystals due to the increase of free carriers (holes). The LSPRs absorbance can be optimized to 1322 nm by prolonging the growth time of the heterostructured nanocrystals, which may be used as a light absorbing agent for photothermal therapy.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

1. Introduction

Semiconductor nanocrystals have attracted much attention due to their tunable size- and shape-dependent physical and chemical properties, as well as their wide potential applications in light-emitting diodes, photovoltaic cells, biological labels and so on [16]. To meet the growing demand of applications in optoelectronic devices and biological technology, enormous efforts have been devoted to developing various methods for synthesis of different types of semiconductor nanocrystals, in which wet-chemical methods are commonly used [710]. In the past few years, copper-based chalcogenide nanocrystals have been extensively studied due to their potential applications from light-emitting devices to photothermal therapy [1115]. In particular, these nanocrystals are less toxic, economic and have unique crystal phase and electrical properties. In general, they are p-type semiconductor with bulk band-gap energies of 1.0-1.5 eV, which match well with the solar spectrum at the earth’s surface [12]. Since Gao et al demonstrated that Cu1.94S nanocrystals could serve as catalysts for synthesis of different-shaped semiconductor heterostructured nanocrystals, various Cu1.94S-based chalcogenide semiconductor heterostructured nanocrystals have been reported using a colloidal chemical approach, such as hexagonal-prismatic Cu1.94S-ZnS, disk-shaped Cu1.94S-CdS and so on [1618]. These semiconductor heterostructured nanocrystals provide an effective mean to endow them with diverse functionalities or unique properties in a single nanostructure.

Typically, localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPRs) have been studied on noble-metal nanocrystals with different shapes and size, which often results in surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and enhanced photovoltaic performances [19, 20].Very recently, NIR LSPRs absorbance has been observed in some heavily-doped semiconductor nanocrystals, such as Cu2-xE(E = S, Se) and tin oxide [2124]. In 2011, Luther et al reported the size-dependent NIR absorbance of Cu2-xS nanocrystals experimentally and theoretically, which could be attributed to plasmon resonance of free holes in vacancy-doped semiconductor nanocrystals [21]. In 2012, Manthiram et al observed strong and tunable LSPRs absorbance from metallic phases of tungsten oxide nanocrystals due to the unique character of the outer-d valence electrons [24]. In 2013, Swihart et al demonstrated that the NIR plasmonic absorbance could be tuned by varying the amount of the surfactant which had an important effect on the number of free carriers of the nanocrystals [12]. Lately, there are few reports on the tunable LSPRs absorbance by constructing Cu1.94S-based heterostructured nanocrystals reported by the same group [25, 26]. However, there exists a contradiction in the LSPR shift of the heterostructured nanocrystals as compared to that of pure Cu1.94S nanocrystals. The authors attributed the blue-shift of the sandwich-like Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S heterostructured nanocrystals to the enhanced polarized electric field [25], but in the other work, they ascribed the red-shift of Cu1.94S-ZnS dimeric nanoheterostructures to the change in capacitance value due to the change of ZnS length [26]. Therefore, it is necessary to study the LSPRs behavior of heterostructured nanocrystals by changing the ZnS length, which may be useful to clarify the reason of LSPRs shift.

Herein, a simple one-pot colloidal chemical approach has been adopted to prepare spherical Cu1.94S nanocrystals and matchstick-like Cu1.94S-ZnS nanocrystals. A strong but broad NIR LSPR absorbance has been observed in Cu1.94S nanospheres. Moreover, the NIR plasmonic absorption peak shifts to shorter wavelength by heterogrowth of ZnS “stick” onto Cu1.94S “head”, and the LSPRs wavelength can be optimized at 1322 nm by changing the reaction time, which falls within the spectral range of the therapeutic window, indicating potential applications in photothermal therapy.

2. Experimental section

Spherical Cu1.94S nanocrystals and matchstick-like Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals were synthesized according to our previous report [15]. Typically, Cu1.94S nanocrystals were synthesized by direct heating 5 mmol of copper(II) acetylacetonate (Cu(acac)2) in the mixture of 5 mL of 1-dodecanethiol (DDT) and 15 mL of 1-octadecene (ODE) at 240 °C. In similar, Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals were obtained by using 3.5 mmol of Cu(acac)2 and 1.5 mmol of zinc acetylacetonate (Zn(acac)2) in the same reaction system at 240 °C, which avoids the injection of Cu1.94S precursors. The as-obtained products were purified by three repeated actions of dissolving the precipitate in chloroform and then reprecipitating by adding excess ethanol.

Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations were taken on a JEM-1400 transmission electron microscope with an acceleration voltage of 100 kV. High-resolution TEM images were taken on a JEM-2010 at an acceleration voltage of 200 kV. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns were recorded on a Bruker D8 Advance diffractometer using a Cu Kα radiation source (λ = 1.54056 Å). UV-Vis-NIR absorption spectra were performed on a Varian 5000 spectrophotometer. All the measurement was performed at the room temperature.

3. Results and discussions

The XRD patterns of Cu1.94S nanocrystals are shown in Fig. 1, and it can be seen that all the diffraction peaks can be indexed to monoclinic Cu1.94S phase (JCPDS no.23-0959), which possesses a cationic deficiency structure [16]. Figure 2 shows the TEM image and size distribution histograms of Cu1.94S nanocrystals. As shown in Fig. 2(a), the as-obtained product is spherical in shape and the dispersion is very uniform. It can be seen in Fig. 2(b) that the average diameter is estimated to be 7.9 ± 0.8 nm by measuring 100 particles.

 

Fig. 1 XRD patterns of Cu1.94S nanocrystals, and the bottom lines are the standard diffraction lines of monoclinic Cu1.94S (JCPDS. No 23-0959).

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Fig. 2 (a) TEM image and (b) size distribution histogram of Cu1.94S nanocrystals.

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Figure 3 shows the XRD pattern of heterostructured Cu1.94S-ZnS nanocrystals. Based on the XRD pattern, it can be seen that the as-obtained sample is made up of monoclinic Cu1.94S (JCPDS No. 23-0959) and wurtzite ZnS (JCPDS No. 79-2204), and no other impurities are detected, indicating that the heterostructured nanocrystals is undoubtedly constructed by Cu1.94S and ZnS nanocrystals. To further demonstrate the formation of Cu1.94S-ZnS nanocrystals, TEM techniques have been employed to characterize the morphology of the as-obtained products. Typical TEM images of the Cu1.94S-ZnS nanocrystals obtained at 120, 180 and 270 min are given in Figs. 4(a)-4(c), respectively. It can be seen that all the products exhibit matchstick-like shape, which is comprised of spherical “head” and slightly thinner “stick”. Moreover, some isolated spherical Cu1.94S nanocrystals are still present in the TEM image, which suggests that there is not enough amount of ZnS growth onto the Cu1.94S nanocrystals. To further identify the composition of the as-obtained products, a typical high-resolution TEM image of the matchstick-like heterostructured nanocrystals is given in Fig. 4(d), some obvious lattice fringes with a spacing of 0.333 nm can be observed in the “head” part, which is indexed as the (800) plane. On the other hand, the lattice fringes with an interplanar distance of 0.310 nm can be observed in the “stick” of the product, corresponding to (002) plane, which can be identified as the c axis of wurtzite ZnS. Additionally, the lattice fringes with a spacing of 0.191 nm are also observed in the “stick”, corresponding to (110) plane, which is vertical with the (002) plane. This result further confirms the formation of matchstick-like Cu1.94S-ZnS nanocrystals with the Cu1.94S “head” and ZnS “stick”. By measuring 100 particles obtained at different reaction time, the relationship between the “head” width or “stick” length and the reaction time is given in Fig. 4(e), it can be seen that the width of the “head” is almost unchanged but the length of the “stick” increases with the reaction time prolonging. It is worth noting that the width of the “head” is kept at about 8 nm, which is similar to the diameter of pure Cu1.94S nanospheres.

 

Fig. 3 XRD patterns of Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals with the standard lines of monoclinic Cu1.94S (JCPDS no. 23-0959) and wurtzite ZnS (JCPDS no. 79-2204) at the bottom.

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Fig. 4 Typical TEM images of the Cu1.94S-ZnS nanocrystals obtained at different reaction time: (a) 120 min; (b) 180 min; (c) 270 min; (d) A typical HRTEM image; (e)Size evolution of the “head” and “stick” of the matchstick-like as a function of reaction time.

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LSPRs behavior has often been reported in Cu2-xS and Cu2-xSe nanocrystals, which arises from the p-type free charge carriers (holes) in the nanocrystals [21, 22]. These charge carriers are generated from copper vacancies, which is associated with the nonstoichiometric composition of the nanocrystals. As mentioned above, the Cu1.94S nanocrystals have been demonstrated to possess a cationic deficiency structure. UV-Vis-NIR absorption spectroscopy has been employed to study the LSPRs behavior of our product. Figure 5 shows the absorption spectra of Cu1.94S and Cu1.94S-ZnS nanocrystals obtained at 180 min dispersed in chloroform. An obvious strong NIR absorption peak at 1680 nm is observed in Cu1.94S nanocrystals, which can be ascribed to the LSPRs absorbance of nonstoichiometric Cu1.94S due to copper deficiencies [21]. Interestingly, the NIR LSPRs peak shifts from 1680 nm to 1375 nm with epitaxial growth of ZnS nanocrystals onto the Cu1.94S nanocrystals. Moreover, the absorption spectra of both the samples on the energy scale shown in the inset of Fig. 5 indicates that the absorption region in our work is distinguished by remarkable well-defined peaks, characteristic of LSPR modes [21]. As stated by Alivisatos et al that the LSPRs absorbance can be tuned by changing the particle size [21]. According to the TEM results and the size evolution of heterostructured nanocrystals as a function of reaction time shown in Fig. 5, the diameter of the “head” of the heterostructured nanocrystals is similar to that of the Cu1.94S nanocrystals, which rules out the effects of particle size on the LSPRs absorbance. Therefore, the incorporation of wurtzite ZnS into the heterostructured nanocrystals plays an important role in the blue-shift of LSPRs peaks of Cu1.94S nanocrystals.

 

Fig. 5 UV-Vis-NIR absorption spectra of Cu1.94S and Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals dispersed in chloroform, and the inset shows the absorption spectra on the energy scale.

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To further explore the reason for the blue-shift of LSPRs peak of the Cu1.94S-ZnS nanocrystals as compared to that of the Cu1.94S nanocrystals, the absorption spectra of Cu1.94S-ZnS nanocrystals for different growth time are also measured and shown in Fig. 6.As shown in Fig. 6(a), a strong LSPRs peak at 1620 nm is observed at 30 min, which exhibits a slight blue-shift as compared to that of Cu1.94S nanocrystals. Further increasing the growth time to 120 min, the LSPRs peak exhibits a distinct blue-shift over 200 nm. With the growth of Cu1.94S-ZnS nanocrystals proceeding, a consecutive blue-shift takes place, and finally a LSPR peak at 1324 nm is observed at 360 min, which corresponds to a spectral range of the therapeutic windows [26]. As a matter of fact, the consecutive blue-shift of the LSPRs peak is consistent with the increase of the length of ZnS “stick” (Fig. 5(e)). The corresponding absorption spectra on the energy scale are also shown in the inset of Fig. 6(a), and the line-width of the LSPRs absorbance broadens as the increase of the growth time due to the change of the charge carrier density [21]. Figure 6(b) shows the evolution of the LSPRs peaks as a function of the reaction time of the Cu1.94S-ZnS nanocrystals. It is well known that the free charge carrier density contributes greatly to the LSPRs peak, and the carrier distribution can be affected by the external electric field [12]. As a matter of fact, II-VI semiconductors possess a strong electric dipole moment along the c-crystallographic axis [27]. Herein, the epitaxial growth of ZnS on the monoclinic Cu1.94S “head” is along c-axis of ZnS, which is confirmed by HRTEM result shown in Fig. 4(d). According to the previous report [27], Cu1.94S “head” should contribute to the electric dipole moment of the heterostructured nanocrystals due to the ferroelectric performance. Besides, the carrier transportation between Cu1.94S and ZnS could enhance the longitudinal electric dipole moment of the heterostructured nanocrystals due to the existence of p-n type heterostructure. Therefore, the ZnS “stick” can provide an external electric field to promote the dissociation of free charge carriers (holes) from the copper vacancies at the top of the Cu1.94S valence band, leading to the increase of free carriers (holes), which results in the blue-shift of LSPRs in the heterostructured Cu1.94S-ZnS nanocrystals as compared to that of Cu1.94S nanocrystals. Furthermore, Alivisatos et al demonstrated that the longitudinal permanent electric dipole moment of wurtzite semiconductor nanocrystals would increase linearly with volume [28]. Herein, the polarized electric field intensifies as the growth of ZnS “stick”, which makes the free charge carriers density of Cu1.94S “head” increase, resulting in a continual blue-shift of LSPR peak as the increase of growth time of the Cu1.94S-ZnS [22, 23].

 

Fig. 6 (a) UV-Vis-NIR absorption spectra of Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals at different reaction time, and the inset shows the absorption spectra on the energy scale; (b) the relationship between the LSPRs peaks and the growth time of Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals.

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4. Conclusions

In summary, spherical Cu1.94S and matchstick-like Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals have been synthesized through a simple one-pot approach without any injection. The Cu1.94S nanocrystals exhibit a strong LSPR peak at 1680 nm due to the existence of copper vacancies. The LSPR peak of the matchstick-like Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals can be tuned from 1680 nm to 1322 nm by increasing the length of ZnS stick, which is in close associated with the effects of free charge carrier density due to the formation of polarized electric field. The LSPR peak (1322 nm) matches well with the spectral range of therapeutic window, indicating that the heterostructured nanocrystals may have potential applications in photothermal therapy.

Acknowledgment

This work was partly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61108063), the National Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars of China (No. 61125505), and the author (A. W) is also grateful to the financial support from Beijing JiaoTong University (2012RC046).

References and links

1. Y. P. Jeon, S. J. Park, and T. W. Kim, “Electrical and optical properties of blue organic light-emitting devices fabricated utilizing color conversion CdSe and CdSe/ZnS quantum dots embedded in a poly(N-vinylcarbazole) hole transport layer,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(5), 663–670 (2012). [CrossRef]  

2. A. W. Tang, F. Teng, S. Xiong, Y. Wang, B. Feng, and Y. B. Hou, “Nanocrystals/polymer light-emitting diodes with different-sized water-sol CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(10), K190 (2008). [CrossRef]  

3. J. H. Yang, A. W. Tang, R. J. Zhou, and J. G. Xue, “Effects of nanocrystal size and device aging on performance of hybrid poly(3-hexylthiophene): CdSe nanocrystal solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 476–482 (2011). [CrossRef]  

4. W. U. Huynh, J. J. Dittmer, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Hybrid nanorod-polymer solar cells,” Science 295(5564), 2425–2427 (2002). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

5. S. S. Lo, T. Mirkovic, C. H. Chuang, C. Burda, and G. D. Scholes, “Emergent properties resulting from type-II band alignment in semiconductor nanoheterostructures,” Adv. Mater. 23(2), 180–197 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

6. A. W. Tang, F. Teng, Y. B. Hou, Y. S. Wang, F. R. Tan, S. C. Qu, and Z. G. Wang, “Optical properties and electrical bistability of CdS nanoparticles synthesized in dodecanethiol,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 163112 (2010). [CrossRef]  

7. A. W. Tang, L. X. Yi, W. Han, F. Teng, Y. S. Wang, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis, optical properties, and superlattice structure of Cu(I)-doped CdS nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 033112 (2010). [CrossRef]  

8. X. Wang, J. Zhuang, Q. Peng, and Y. D. Li, “A general strategy for nanocrystal synthesis,” Nature 437(7055), 121–124 (2005). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

9. Z. D. Lu and Y. D. Yin, “Colloidal nanoparticle clusters: functional materials by design,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 41(21), 6874–6887 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

10. L. Carbone and P. D. Cozzoli, “Colloidal heterostructured nanocrystals: synthesis and growth mechanisms,” Nano Today 5(5), 449–493 (2010). [CrossRef]  

11. W. S. Song, S. H. Lee, and H. Yang, “Fabrication of warm, high CRI white LED using non-cadmium quantum dots,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1468–1473 (2013). [CrossRef]  

12. X. Liu, X. L. Wang, B. Zhou, W. C. Law, A. N. Cartwright, and M. T. Swihart, “Size-controlled synthesis of Cu2-xE (E = S, Se) nanocrystals with strong tunable near-infrared localized surface plasmon resonance and high conductivity in thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(10), 1256–1264 (2013). [CrossRef]  

13. I. Kriegel, C. Y. Jiang, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, R. D. Schaller, D. V. Talapin, E. da Como, and J. Feldmann, “Tuning the excitonic and plasmonic properties of copper chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(3), 1583–1590 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

14. H. C. Liao, M. H. Jao, J. J. Shyue, Y. F. Chen, and W. F. Su, “Facile synthesis of wurtzite copper–zinc–tin sulfide nanocrystals from plasmonic djurleite nuclei,” J. Mater. Chem. A 1(2), 337–341 (2012). [CrossRef]  

15. H. H. Ye, A. W. Tang, L. M. Huang, Y. Wang, C. H. Yang, Y. B. Hou, H. S. Peng, F. J. Zhang, and F. Teng, “Facile one-step synthesis and transformation of Cu(I)-doped zinc sulfide nanocrystals to Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals,” Langmuir 29(27), 8728–8735 (2013). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

16. W. Han, L. X. Yi, N. Zhao, A. W. Tang, M. Y. Gao, and Z. Y. Tang, “Synthesis and shape-tailoring of copper sulfide/indium sulfide-based nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(39), 13152–13161 (2008). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

17. S. K. Han, M. Gong, H. B. Yao, Z. M. Wang, and S. H. Yu, “One-pot controlled synthesis of hexagonal-prismatic Cu1.94S-ZnS, Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S, and Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S heteronanostructures,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 51(26), 6365–6368 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

18. M. D. Regulacio, C. Ye, S. H. Lim, M. Bosman, L. Polavarapu, W. L. Koh, J. Zhang, Q. H. Xu, and M. Y. Han, “One-pot synthesis of Cu1.94S-CdS and Cu1.94S-ZnxCd1-xS nanodisk heterostructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(7), 2052–2055 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

19. R. Kuladeep, L. Jyothi, K. S. Alee, K. L. N. Deepak, and D. N. Rao, “Laser-assisted synthesis of Au-Ag alloy nanoparticles with tunable surface plasmon resonance frequency,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(2), 161–172 (2012). [CrossRef]  

20. J. Yang, J. B. You, C. C. Chen, W. C. Hsu, H. R. Tan, X. W. Zhang, Z. R. Hong, and Y. Yang, “Plasmonic polymer tandem solar cell,” ACS Nano 5(8), 6210–6217 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

21. J. M. Luther, P. K. Jain, T. Ewers, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Localized surface plasmon resonances arising from free carriers in doped quantum dots,” Nat. Mater. 10(5), 361–366 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

22. S. W. Hsu, K. On, and A. R. Tao, “Localized surface plasmon resonances of anisotropic semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(47), 19072–19075 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

23. S. W. Hsu, W. Bryks, and A. R. Tao, “Effects of ccarrier density and shape on the localized surface plasmon resonances of Cu2–xS nanodisks,” Chem. Mater. 24(19), 3765–3771 (2012). [CrossRef]  

24. K. Manthiram and A. P. Alivisatos, “Tunable localized surface plasmon resonances in tungsten oxide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(9), 3995–3998 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

25. F. Huang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “Sandwich-like Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S nanoheterostructure: structure, formation mechanism and localized surface plasmon resonance behavior,” Nanotechnology 23(42), 425604 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

26. F. Huang, X. L. Wang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “A plasmonic nano-antenna with controllable resonance frequency: Cu1.94S-ZnS dimeric nanoheterostructure synthesized in solution,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(42), 22614–22618 (2012). [CrossRef]  

27. L. X. Yi, A. W. Tang, M. Niu, W. Han, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis and self-assembly of Cu1.94S–ZnS heterostructured nanorods,” CrystEngComm 12(12), 4124–4130 (2010). [CrossRef]  

28. L. S. Li and A. P. Alivisatos, “Origin and scaling of the permanent dipole moment in CdSe nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(9), 097402 (2003). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

References

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  1. Y. P. Jeon, S. J. Park, and T. W. Kim, “Electrical and optical properties of blue organic light-emitting devices fabricated utilizing color conversion CdSe and CdSe/ZnS quantum dots embedded in a poly(N-vinylcarbazole) hole transport layer,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(5), 663–670 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. W. Tang, F. Teng, S. Xiong, Y. Wang, B. Feng, and Y. B. Hou, “Nanocrystals/polymer light-emitting diodes with different-sized water-sol CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(10), K190 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. H. Yang, A. W. Tang, R. J. Zhou, and J. G. Xue, “Effects of nanocrystal size and device aging on performance of hybrid poly(3-hexylthiophene): CdSe nanocrystal solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 476–482 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. W. U. Huynh, J. J. Dittmer, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Hybrid nanorod-polymer solar cells,” Science 295(5564), 2425–2427 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. S. S. Lo, T. Mirkovic, C. H. Chuang, C. Burda, and G. D. Scholes, “Emergent properties resulting from type-II band alignment in semiconductor nanoheterostructures,” Adv. Mater. 23(2), 180–197 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. A. W. Tang, F. Teng, Y. B. Hou, Y. S. Wang, F. R. Tan, S. C. Qu, and Z. G. Wang, “Optical properties and electrical bistability of CdS nanoparticles synthesized in dodecanethiol,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 163112 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. W. Tang, L. X. Yi, W. Han, F. Teng, Y. S. Wang, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis, optical properties, and superlattice structure of Cu(I)-doped CdS nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 033112 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. X. Wang, J. Zhuang, Q. Peng, and Y. D. Li, “A general strategy for nanocrystal synthesis,” Nature 437(7055), 121–124 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. Z. D. Lu and Y. D. Yin, “Colloidal nanoparticle clusters: functional materials by design,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 41(21), 6874–6887 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. L. Carbone and P. D. Cozzoli, “Colloidal heterostructured nanocrystals: synthesis and growth mechanisms,” Nano Today 5(5), 449–493 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  11. W. S. Song, S. H. Lee, and H. Yang, “Fabrication of warm, high CRI white LED using non-cadmium quantum dots,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1468–1473 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  12. X. Liu, X. L. Wang, B. Zhou, W. C. Law, A. N. Cartwright, and M. T. Swihart, “Size-controlled synthesis of Cu2-xE (E = S, Se) nanocrystals with strong tunable near-infrared localized surface plasmon resonance and high conductivity in thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(10), 1256–1264 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  13. I. Kriegel, C. Y. Jiang, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, R. D. Schaller, D. V. Talapin, E. da Como, and J. Feldmann, “Tuning the excitonic and plasmonic properties of copper chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(3), 1583–1590 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. H. C. Liao, M. H. Jao, J. J. Shyue, Y. F. Chen, and W. F. Su, “Facile synthesis of wurtzite copper–zinc–tin sulfide nanocrystals from plasmonic djurleite nuclei,” J. Mater. Chem. A 1(2), 337–341 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  15. H. H. Ye, A. W. Tang, L. M. Huang, Y. Wang, C. H. Yang, Y. B. Hou, H. S. Peng, F. J. Zhang, and F. Teng, “Facile one-step synthesis and transformation of Cu(I)-doped zinc sulfide nanocrystals to Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals,” Langmuir 29(27), 8728–8735 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. W. Han, L. X. Yi, N. Zhao, A. W. Tang, M. Y. Gao, and Z. Y. Tang, “Synthesis and shape-tailoring of copper sulfide/indium sulfide-based nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(39), 13152–13161 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. S. K. Han, M. Gong, H. B. Yao, Z. M. Wang, and S. H. Yu, “One-pot controlled synthesis of hexagonal-prismatic Cu1.94S-ZnS, Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S, and Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S heteronanostructures,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 51(26), 6365–6368 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. M. D. Regulacio, C. Ye, S. H. Lim, M. Bosman, L. Polavarapu, W. L. Koh, J. Zhang, Q. H. Xu, and M. Y. Han, “One-pot synthesis of Cu1.94S-CdS and Cu1.94S-ZnxCd1-xS nanodisk heterostructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(7), 2052–2055 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. R. Kuladeep, L. Jyothi, K. S. Alee, K. L. N. Deepak, and D. N. Rao, “Laser-assisted synthesis of Au-Ag alloy nanoparticles with tunable surface plasmon resonance frequency,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(2), 161–172 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. Yang, J. B. You, C. C. Chen, W. C. Hsu, H. R. Tan, X. W. Zhang, Z. R. Hong, and Y. Yang, “Plasmonic polymer tandem solar cell,” ACS Nano 5(8), 6210–6217 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. J. M. Luther, P. K. Jain, T. Ewers, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Localized surface plasmon resonances arising from free carriers in doped quantum dots,” Nat. Mater. 10(5), 361–366 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. S. W. Hsu, K. On, and A. R. Tao, “Localized surface plasmon resonances of anisotropic semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(47), 19072–19075 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. S. W. Hsu, W. Bryks, and A. R. Tao, “Effects of ccarrier density and shape on the localized surface plasmon resonances of Cu2–xS nanodisks,” Chem. Mater. 24(19), 3765–3771 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  24. K. Manthiram and A. P. Alivisatos, “Tunable localized surface plasmon resonances in tungsten oxide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(9), 3995–3998 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. F. Huang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “Sandwich-like Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S nanoheterostructure: structure, formation mechanism and localized surface plasmon resonance behavior,” Nanotechnology 23(42), 425604 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. F. Huang, X. L. Wang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “A plasmonic nano-antenna with controllable resonance frequency: Cu1.94S-ZnS dimeric nanoheterostructure synthesized in solution,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(42), 22614–22618 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  27. L. X. Yi, A. W. Tang, M. Niu, W. Han, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis and self-assembly of Cu1.94S–ZnS heterostructured nanorods,” CrystEngComm 12(12), 4124–4130 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  28. L. S. Li and A. P. Alivisatos, “Origin and scaling of the permanent dipole moment in CdSe nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(9), 097402 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

W. S. Song, S. H. Lee, and H. Yang, “Fabrication of warm, high CRI white LED using non-cadmium quantum dots,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1468–1473 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, X. L. Wang, B. Zhou, W. C. Law, A. N. Cartwright, and M. T. Swihart, “Size-controlled synthesis of Cu2-xE (E = S, Se) nanocrystals with strong tunable near-infrared localized surface plasmon resonance and high conductivity in thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(10), 1256–1264 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. H. Ye, A. W. Tang, L. M. Huang, Y. Wang, C. H. Yang, Y. B. Hou, H. S. Peng, F. J. Zhang, and F. Teng, “Facile one-step synthesis and transformation of Cu(I)-doped zinc sulfide nanocrystals to Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals,” Langmuir 29(27), 8728–8735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (10)

S. K. Han, M. Gong, H. B. Yao, Z. M. Wang, and S. H. Yu, “One-pot controlled synthesis of hexagonal-prismatic Cu1.94S-ZnS, Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S, and Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S heteronanostructures,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 51(26), 6365–6368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kuladeep, L. Jyothi, K. S. Alee, K. L. N. Deepak, and D. N. Rao, “Laser-assisted synthesis of Au-Ag alloy nanoparticles with tunable surface plasmon resonance frequency,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(2), 161–172 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. Kriegel, C. Y. Jiang, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, R. D. Schaller, D. V. Talapin, E. da Como, and J. Feldmann, “Tuning the excitonic and plasmonic properties of copper chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(3), 1583–1590 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Hsu, W. Bryks, and A. R. Tao, “Effects of ccarrier density and shape on the localized surface plasmon resonances of Cu2–xS nanodisks,” Chem. Mater. 24(19), 3765–3771 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. D. Lu and Y. D. Yin, “Colloidal nanoparticle clusters: functional materials by design,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 41(21), 6874–6887 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Liao, M. H. Jao, J. J. Shyue, Y. F. Chen, and W. F. Su, “Facile synthesis of wurtzite copper–zinc–tin sulfide nanocrystals from plasmonic djurleite nuclei,” J. Mater. Chem. A 1(2), 337–341 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Huang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “Sandwich-like Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S nanoheterostructure: structure, formation mechanism and localized surface plasmon resonance behavior,” Nanotechnology 23(42), 425604 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Huang, X. L. Wang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “A plasmonic nano-antenna with controllable resonance frequency: Cu1.94S-ZnS dimeric nanoheterostructure synthesized in solution,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(42), 22614–22618 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Manthiram and A. P. Alivisatos, “Tunable localized surface plasmon resonances in tungsten oxide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(9), 3995–3998 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. P. Jeon, S. J. Park, and T. W. Kim, “Electrical and optical properties of blue organic light-emitting devices fabricated utilizing color conversion CdSe and CdSe/ZnS quantum dots embedded in a poly(N-vinylcarbazole) hole transport layer,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(5), 663–670 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (6)

J. H. Yang, A. W. Tang, R. J. Zhou, and J. G. Xue, “Effects of nanocrystal size and device aging on performance of hybrid poly(3-hexylthiophene): CdSe nanocrystal solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 476–482 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. S. Lo, T. Mirkovic, C. H. Chuang, C. Burda, and G. D. Scholes, “Emergent properties resulting from type-II band alignment in semiconductor nanoheterostructures,” Adv. Mater. 23(2), 180–197 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Regulacio, C. Ye, S. H. Lim, M. Bosman, L. Polavarapu, W. L. Koh, J. Zhang, Q. H. Xu, and M. Y. Han, “One-pot synthesis of Cu1.94S-CdS and Cu1.94S-ZnxCd1-xS nanodisk heterostructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(7), 2052–2055 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yang, J. B. You, C. C. Chen, W. C. Hsu, H. R. Tan, X. W. Zhang, Z. R. Hong, and Y. Yang, “Plasmonic polymer tandem solar cell,” ACS Nano 5(8), 6210–6217 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Hsu, K. On, and A. R. Tao, “Localized surface plasmon resonances of anisotropic semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(47), 19072–19075 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Luther, P. K. Jain, T. Ewers, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Localized surface plasmon resonances arising from free carriers in doped quantum dots,” Nat. Mater. 10(5), 361–366 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

A. W. Tang, F. Teng, Y. B. Hou, Y. S. Wang, F. R. Tan, S. C. Qu, and Z. G. Wang, “Optical properties and electrical bistability of CdS nanoparticles synthesized in dodecanethiol,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 163112 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. X. Yi, A. W. Tang, M. Niu, W. Han, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis and self-assembly of Cu1.94S–ZnS heterostructured nanorods,” CrystEngComm 12(12), 4124–4130 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. W. Tang, L. X. Yi, W. Han, F. Teng, Y. S. Wang, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis, optical properties, and superlattice structure of Cu(I)-doped CdS nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 033112 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Carbone and P. D. Cozzoli, “Colloidal heterostructured nanocrystals: synthesis and growth mechanisms,” Nano Today 5(5), 449–493 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

W. Han, L. X. Yi, N. Zhao, A. W. Tang, M. Y. Gao, and Z. Y. Tang, “Synthesis and shape-tailoring of copper sulfide/indium sulfide-based nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(39), 13152–13161 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. Tang, F. Teng, S. Xiong, Y. Wang, B. Feng, and Y. B. Hou, “Nanocrystals/polymer light-emitting diodes with different-sized water-sol CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(10), K190 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

X. Wang, J. Zhuang, Q. Peng, and Y. D. Li, “A general strategy for nanocrystal synthesis,” Nature 437(7055), 121–124 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

L. S. Li and A. P. Alivisatos, “Origin and scaling of the permanent dipole moment in CdSe nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(9), 097402 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

W. U. Huynh, J. J. Dittmer, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Hybrid nanorod-polymer solar cells,” Science 295(5564), 2425–2427 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alee, K. S.

Alivisatos, A. P.

K. Manthiram and A. P. Alivisatos, “Tunable localized surface plasmon resonances in tungsten oxide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(9), 3995–3998 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Luther, P. K. Jain, T. Ewers, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Localized surface plasmon resonances arising from free carriers in doped quantum dots,” Nat. Mater. 10(5), 361–366 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. S. Li and A. P. Alivisatos, “Origin and scaling of the permanent dipole moment in CdSe nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(9), 097402 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. U. Huynh, J. J. Dittmer, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Hybrid nanorod-polymer solar cells,” Science 295(5564), 2425–2427 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bosman, M.

M. D. Regulacio, C. Ye, S. H. Lim, M. Bosman, L. Polavarapu, W. L. Koh, J. Zhang, Q. H. Xu, and M. Y. Han, “One-pot synthesis of Cu1.94S-CdS and Cu1.94S-ZnxCd1-xS nanodisk heterostructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(7), 2052–2055 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bryks, W.

S. W. Hsu, W. Bryks, and A. R. Tao, “Effects of ccarrier density and shape on the localized surface plasmon resonances of Cu2–xS nanodisks,” Chem. Mater. 24(19), 3765–3771 (2012).
[Crossref]

Burda, C.

S. S. Lo, T. Mirkovic, C. H. Chuang, C. Burda, and G. D. Scholes, “Emergent properties resulting from type-II band alignment in semiconductor nanoheterostructures,” Adv. Mater. 23(2), 180–197 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carbone, L.

L. Carbone and P. D. Cozzoli, “Colloidal heterostructured nanocrystals: synthesis and growth mechanisms,” Nano Today 5(5), 449–493 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cartwright, A. N.

X. Liu, X. L. Wang, B. Zhou, W. C. Law, A. N. Cartwright, and M. T. Swihart, “Size-controlled synthesis of Cu2-xE (E = S, Se) nanocrystals with strong tunable near-infrared localized surface plasmon resonance and high conductivity in thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(10), 1256–1264 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. C.

J. Yang, J. B. You, C. C. Chen, W. C. Hsu, H. R. Tan, X. W. Zhang, Z. R. Hong, and Y. Yang, “Plasmonic polymer tandem solar cell,” ACS Nano 5(8), 6210–6217 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, D. Q.

F. Huang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “Sandwich-like Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S nanoheterostructure: structure, formation mechanism and localized surface plasmon resonance behavior,” Nanotechnology 23(42), 425604 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Huang, X. L. Wang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “A plasmonic nano-antenna with controllable resonance frequency: Cu1.94S-ZnS dimeric nanoheterostructure synthesized in solution,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(42), 22614–22618 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. F.

H. C. Liao, M. H. Jao, J. J. Shyue, Y. F. Chen, and W. F. Su, “Facile synthesis of wurtzite copper–zinc–tin sulfide nanocrystals from plasmonic djurleite nuclei,” J. Mater. Chem. A 1(2), 337–341 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chuang, C. H.

S. S. Lo, T. Mirkovic, C. H. Chuang, C. Burda, and G. D. Scholes, “Emergent properties resulting from type-II band alignment in semiconductor nanoheterostructures,” Adv. Mater. 23(2), 180–197 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cozzoli, P. D.

L. Carbone and P. D. Cozzoli, “Colloidal heterostructured nanocrystals: synthesis and growth mechanisms,” Nano Today 5(5), 449–493 (2010).
[Crossref]

da Como, E.

I. Kriegel, C. Y. Jiang, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, R. D. Schaller, D. V. Talapin, E. da Como, and J. Feldmann, “Tuning the excitonic and plasmonic properties of copper chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(3), 1583–1590 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deepak, K. L. N.

Dittmer, J. J.

W. U. Huynh, J. J. Dittmer, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Hybrid nanorod-polymer solar cells,” Science 295(5564), 2425–2427 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ewers, T.

J. M. Luther, P. K. Jain, T. Ewers, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Localized surface plasmon resonances arising from free carriers in doped quantum dots,” Nat. Mater. 10(5), 361–366 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feldmann, J.

I. Kriegel, C. Y. Jiang, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, R. D. Schaller, D. V. Talapin, E. da Como, and J. Feldmann, “Tuning the excitonic and plasmonic properties of copper chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(3), 1583–1590 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, B.

A. W. Tang, F. Teng, S. Xiong, Y. Wang, B. Feng, and Y. B. Hou, “Nanocrystals/polymer light-emitting diodes with different-sized water-sol CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(10), K190 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gao, M. Y.

A. W. Tang, L. X. Yi, W. Han, F. Teng, Y. S. Wang, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis, optical properties, and superlattice structure of Cu(I)-doped CdS nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 033112 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. X. Yi, A. W. Tang, M. Niu, W. Han, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis and self-assembly of Cu1.94S–ZnS heterostructured nanorods,” CrystEngComm 12(12), 4124–4130 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Han, L. X. Yi, N. Zhao, A. W. Tang, M. Y. Gao, and Z. Y. Tang, “Synthesis and shape-tailoring of copper sulfide/indium sulfide-based nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(39), 13152–13161 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, M.

S. K. Han, M. Gong, H. B. Yao, Z. M. Wang, and S. H. Yu, “One-pot controlled synthesis of hexagonal-prismatic Cu1.94S-ZnS, Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S, and Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S heteronanostructures,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 51(26), 6365–6368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, M. Y.

M. D. Regulacio, C. Ye, S. H. Lim, M. Bosman, L. Polavarapu, W. L. Koh, J. Zhang, Q. H. Xu, and M. Y. Han, “One-pot synthesis of Cu1.94S-CdS and Cu1.94S-ZnxCd1-xS nanodisk heterostructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(7), 2052–2055 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, S. K.

S. K. Han, M. Gong, H. B. Yao, Z. M. Wang, and S. H. Yu, “One-pot controlled synthesis of hexagonal-prismatic Cu1.94S-ZnS, Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S, and Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S heteronanostructures,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 51(26), 6365–6368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, W.

L. X. Yi, A. W. Tang, M. Niu, W. Han, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis and self-assembly of Cu1.94S–ZnS heterostructured nanorods,” CrystEngComm 12(12), 4124–4130 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. W. Tang, L. X. Yi, W. Han, F. Teng, Y. S. Wang, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis, optical properties, and superlattice structure of Cu(I)-doped CdS nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 033112 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Han, L. X. Yi, N. Zhao, A. W. Tang, M. Y. Gao, and Z. Y. Tang, “Synthesis and shape-tailoring of copper sulfide/indium sulfide-based nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(39), 13152–13161 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, Z. R.

J. Yang, J. B. You, C. C. Chen, W. C. Hsu, H. R. Tan, X. W. Zhang, Z. R. Hong, and Y. Yang, “Plasmonic polymer tandem solar cell,” ACS Nano 5(8), 6210–6217 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hou, Y. B.

H. H. Ye, A. W. Tang, L. M. Huang, Y. Wang, C. H. Yang, Y. B. Hou, H. S. Peng, F. J. Zhang, and F. Teng, “Facile one-step synthesis and transformation of Cu(I)-doped zinc sulfide nanocrystals to Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals,” Langmuir 29(27), 8728–8735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. Tang, L. X. Yi, W. Han, F. Teng, Y. S. Wang, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis, optical properties, and superlattice structure of Cu(I)-doped CdS nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 033112 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. W. Tang, F. Teng, Y. B. Hou, Y. S. Wang, F. R. Tan, S. C. Qu, and Z. G. Wang, “Optical properties and electrical bistability of CdS nanoparticles synthesized in dodecanethiol,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 163112 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. X. Yi, A. W. Tang, M. Niu, W. Han, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis and self-assembly of Cu1.94S–ZnS heterostructured nanorods,” CrystEngComm 12(12), 4124–4130 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. W. Tang, F. Teng, S. Xiong, Y. Wang, B. Feng, and Y. B. Hou, “Nanocrystals/polymer light-emitting diodes with different-sized water-sol CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(10), K190 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hsu, S. W.

S. W. Hsu, W. Bryks, and A. R. Tao, “Effects of ccarrier density and shape on the localized surface plasmon resonances of Cu2–xS nanodisks,” Chem. Mater. 24(19), 3765–3771 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. W. Hsu, K. On, and A. R. Tao, “Localized surface plasmon resonances of anisotropic semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(47), 19072–19075 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, W. C.

J. Yang, J. B. You, C. C. Chen, W. C. Hsu, H. R. Tan, X. W. Zhang, Z. R. Hong, and Y. Yang, “Plasmonic polymer tandem solar cell,” ACS Nano 5(8), 6210–6217 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, F.

F. Huang, X. L. Wang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “A plasmonic nano-antenna with controllable resonance frequency: Cu1.94S-ZnS dimeric nanoheterostructure synthesized in solution,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(42), 22614–22618 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Huang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “Sandwich-like Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S nanoheterostructure: structure, formation mechanism and localized surface plasmon resonance behavior,” Nanotechnology 23(42), 425604 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, L. M.

H. H. Ye, A. W. Tang, L. M. Huang, Y. Wang, C. H. Yang, Y. B. Hou, H. S. Peng, F. J. Zhang, and F. Teng, “Facile one-step synthesis and transformation of Cu(I)-doped zinc sulfide nanocrystals to Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals,” Langmuir 29(27), 8728–8735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huynh, W. U.

W. U. Huynh, J. J. Dittmer, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Hybrid nanorod-polymer solar cells,” Science 295(5564), 2425–2427 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jain, P. K.

J. M. Luther, P. K. Jain, T. Ewers, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Localized surface plasmon resonances arising from free carriers in doped quantum dots,” Nat. Mater. 10(5), 361–366 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jao, M. H.

H. C. Liao, M. H. Jao, J. J. Shyue, Y. F. Chen, and W. F. Su, “Facile synthesis of wurtzite copper–zinc–tin sulfide nanocrystals from plasmonic djurleite nuclei,” J. Mater. Chem. A 1(2), 337–341 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jeon, Y. P.

Jiang, C. Y.

I. Kriegel, C. Y. Jiang, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, R. D. Schaller, D. V. Talapin, E. da Como, and J. Feldmann, “Tuning the excitonic and plasmonic properties of copper chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(3), 1583–1590 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jyothi, L.

Kim, T. W.

Koh, W. L.

M. D. Regulacio, C. Ye, S. H. Lim, M. Bosman, L. Polavarapu, W. L. Koh, J. Zhang, Q. H. Xu, and M. Y. Han, “One-pot synthesis of Cu1.94S-CdS and Cu1.94S-ZnxCd1-xS nanodisk heterostructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(7), 2052–2055 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kriegel, I.

I. Kriegel, C. Y. Jiang, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, R. D. Schaller, D. V. Talapin, E. da Como, and J. Feldmann, “Tuning the excitonic and plasmonic properties of copper chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(3), 1583–1590 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuladeep, R.

Law, W. C.

X. Liu, X. L. Wang, B. Zhou, W. C. Law, A. N. Cartwright, and M. T. Swihart, “Size-controlled synthesis of Cu2-xE (E = S, Se) nanocrystals with strong tunable near-infrared localized surface plasmon resonance and high conductivity in thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(10), 1256–1264 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. H.

Li, L. S.

L. S. Li and A. P. Alivisatos, “Origin and scaling of the permanent dipole moment in CdSe nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(9), 097402 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y. D.

X. Wang, J. Zhuang, Q. Peng, and Y. D. Li, “A general strategy for nanocrystal synthesis,” Nature 437(7055), 121–124 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liao, H. C.

H. C. Liao, M. H. Jao, J. J. Shyue, Y. F. Chen, and W. F. Su, “Facile synthesis of wurtzite copper–zinc–tin sulfide nanocrystals from plasmonic djurleite nuclei,” J. Mater. Chem. A 1(2), 337–341 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lim, S. H.

M. D. Regulacio, C. Ye, S. H. Lim, M. Bosman, L. Polavarapu, W. L. Koh, J. Zhang, Q. H. Xu, and M. Y. Han, “One-pot synthesis of Cu1.94S-CdS and Cu1.94S-ZnxCd1-xS nanodisk heterostructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(7), 2052–2055 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, X. L. Wang, B. Zhou, W. C. Law, A. N. Cartwright, and M. T. Swihart, “Size-controlled synthesis of Cu2-xE (E = S, Se) nanocrystals with strong tunable near-infrared localized surface plasmon resonance and high conductivity in thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(10), 1256–1264 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lo, S. S.

S. S. Lo, T. Mirkovic, C. H. Chuang, C. Burda, and G. D. Scholes, “Emergent properties resulting from type-II band alignment in semiconductor nanoheterostructures,” Adv. Mater. 23(2), 180–197 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, Z. D.

Z. D. Lu and Y. D. Yin, “Colloidal nanoparticle clusters: functional materials by design,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 41(21), 6874–6887 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luther, J. M.

J. M. Luther, P. K. Jain, T. Ewers, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Localized surface plasmon resonances arising from free carriers in doped quantum dots,” Nat. Mater. 10(5), 361–366 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manthiram, K.

K. Manthiram and A. P. Alivisatos, “Tunable localized surface plasmon resonances in tungsten oxide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(9), 3995–3998 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mirkovic, T.

S. S. Lo, T. Mirkovic, C. H. Chuang, C. Burda, and G. D. Scholes, “Emergent properties resulting from type-II band alignment in semiconductor nanoheterostructures,” Adv. Mater. 23(2), 180–197 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Niu, M.

L. X. Yi, A. W. Tang, M. Niu, W. Han, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis and self-assembly of Cu1.94S–ZnS heterostructured nanorods,” CrystEngComm 12(12), 4124–4130 (2010).
[Crossref]

On, K.

S. W. Hsu, K. On, and A. R. Tao, “Localized surface plasmon resonances of anisotropic semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(47), 19072–19075 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, S. J.

Peng, H. S.

H. H. Ye, A. W. Tang, L. M. Huang, Y. Wang, C. H. Yang, Y. B. Hou, H. S. Peng, F. J. Zhang, and F. Teng, “Facile one-step synthesis and transformation of Cu(I)-doped zinc sulfide nanocrystals to Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals,” Langmuir 29(27), 8728–8735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, Q.

X. Wang, J. Zhuang, Q. Peng, and Y. D. Li, “A general strategy for nanocrystal synthesis,” Nature 437(7055), 121–124 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Polavarapu, L.

M. D. Regulacio, C. Ye, S. H. Lim, M. Bosman, L. Polavarapu, W. L. Koh, J. Zhang, Q. H. Xu, and M. Y. Han, “One-pot synthesis of Cu1.94S-CdS and Cu1.94S-ZnxCd1-xS nanodisk heterostructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(7), 2052–2055 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qu, S. C.

A. W. Tang, F. Teng, Y. B. Hou, Y. S. Wang, F. R. Tan, S. C. Qu, and Z. G. Wang, “Optical properties and electrical bistability of CdS nanoparticles synthesized in dodecanethiol,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 163112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rao, D. N.

Regulacio, M. D.

M. D. Regulacio, C. Ye, S. H. Lim, M. Bosman, L. Polavarapu, W. L. Koh, J. Zhang, Q. H. Xu, and M. Y. Han, “One-pot synthesis of Cu1.94S-CdS and Cu1.94S-ZnxCd1-xS nanodisk heterostructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(7), 2052–2055 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodríguez-Fernández, J.

I. Kriegel, C. Y. Jiang, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, R. D. Schaller, D. V. Talapin, E. da Como, and J. Feldmann, “Tuning the excitonic and plasmonic properties of copper chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(3), 1583–1590 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schaller, R. D.

I. Kriegel, C. Y. Jiang, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, R. D. Schaller, D. V. Talapin, E. da Como, and J. Feldmann, “Tuning the excitonic and plasmonic properties of copper chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(3), 1583–1590 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scholes, G. D.

S. S. Lo, T. Mirkovic, C. H. Chuang, C. Burda, and G. D. Scholes, “Emergent properties resulting from type-II band alignment in semiconductor nanoheterostructures,” Adv. Mater. 23(2), 180–197 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shyue, J. J.

H. C. Liao, M. H. Jao, J. J. Shyue, Y. F. Chen, and W. F. Su, “Facile synthesis of wurtzite copper–zinc–tin sulfide nanocrystals from plasmonic djurleite nuclei,” J. Mater. Chem. A 1(2), 337–341 (2012).
[Crossref]

Song, W. S.

Su, W. F.

H. C. Liao, M. H. Jao, J. J. Shyue, Y. F. Chen, and W. F. Su, “Facile synthesis of wurtzite copper–zinc–tin sulfide nanocrystals from plasmonic djurleite nuclei,” J. Mater. Chem. A 1(2), 337–341 (2012).
[Crossref]

Swihart, M. T.

X. Liu, X. L. Wang, B. Zhou, W. C. Law, A. N. Cartwright, and M. T. Swihart, “Size-controlled synthesis of Cu2-xE (E = S, Se) nanocrystals with strong tunable near-infrared localized surface plasmon resonance and high conductivity in thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(10), 1256–1264 (2013).
[Crossref]

Talapin, D. V.

I. Kriegel, C. Y. Jiang, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, R. D. Schaller, D. V. Talapin, E. da Como, and J. Feldmann, “Tuning the excitonic and plasmonic properties of copper chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(3), 1583–1590 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, F. R.

A. W. Tang, F. Teng, Y. B. Hou, Y. S. Wang, F. R. Tan, S. C. Qu, and Z. G. Wang, “Optical properties and electrical bistability of CdS nanoparticles synthesized in dodecanethiol,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 163112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tan, H. R.

J. Yang, J. B. You, C. C. Chen, W. C. Hsu, H. R. Tan, X. W. Zhang, Z. R. Hong, and Y. Yang, “Plasmonic polymer tandem solar cell,” ACS Nano 5(8), 6210–6217 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, A. W.

H. H. Ye, A. W. Tang, L. M. Huang, Y. Wang, C. H. Yang, Y. B. Hou, H. S. Peng, F. J. Zhang, and F. Teng, “Facile one-step synthesis and transformation of Cu(I)-doped zinc sulfide nanocrystals to Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals,” Langmuir 29(27), 8728–8735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Yang, A. W. Tang, R. J. Zhou, and J. G. Xue, “Effects of nanocrystal size and device aging on performance of hybrid poly(3-hexylthiophene): CdSe nanocrystal solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 476–482 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. W. Tang, F. Teng, Y. B. Hou, Y. S. Wang, F. R. Tan, S. C. Qu, and Z. G. Wang, “Optical properties and electrical bistability of CdS nanoparticles synthesized in dodecanethiol,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 163112 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. W. Tang, L. X. Yi, W. Han, F. Teng, Y. S. Wang, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis, optical properties, and superlattice structure of Cu(I)-doped CdS nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 033112 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. X. Yi, A. W. Tang, M. Niu, W. Han, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis and self-assembly of Cu1.94S–ZnS heterostructured nanorods,” CrystEngComm 12(12), 4124–4130 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Han, L. X. Yi, N. Zhao, A. W. Tang, M. Y. Gao, and Z. Y. Tang, “Synthesis and shape-tailoring of copper sulfide/indium sulfide-based nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(39), 13152–13161 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. Tang, F. Teng, S. Xiong, Y. Wang, B. Feng, and Y. B. Hou, “Nanocrystals/polymer light-emitting diodes with different-sized water-sol CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(10), K190 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tang, Z. Y.

W. Han, L. X. Yi, N. Zhao, A. W. Tang, M. Y. Gao, and Z. Y. Tang, “Synthesis and shape-tailoring of copper sulfide/indium sulfide-based nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(39), 13152–13161 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tao, A. R.

S. W. Hsu, W. Bryks, and A. R. Tao, “Effects of ccarrier density and shape on the localized surface plasmon resonances of Cu2–xS nanodisks,” Chem. Mater. 24(19), 3765–3771 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. W. Hsu, K. On, and A. R. Tao, “Localized surface plasmon resonances of anisotropic semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(47), 19072–19075 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teng, F.

H. H. Ye, A. W. Tang, L. M. Huang, Y. Wang, C. H. Yang, Y. B. Hou, H. S. Peng, F. J. Zhang, and F. Teng, “Facile one-step synthesis and transformation of Cu(I)-doped zinc sulfide nanocrystals to Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals,” Langmuir 29(27), 8728–8735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. Tang, L. X. Yi, W. Han, F. Teng, Y. S. Wang, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis, optical properties, and superlattice structure of Cu(I)-doped CdS nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 033112 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. W. Tang, F. Teng, Y. B. Hou, Y. S. Wang, F. R. Tan, S. C. Qu, and Z. G. Wang, “Optical properties and electrical bistability of CdS nanoparticles synthesized in dodecanethiol,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 163112 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. W. Tang, F. Teng, S. Xiong, Y. Wang, B. Feng, and Y. B. Hou, “Nanocrystals/polymer light-emitting diodes with different-sized water-sol CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(10), K190 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, J. Zhuang, Q. Peng, and Y. D. Li, “A general strategy for nanocrystal synthesis,” Nature 437(7055), 121–124 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X. L.

X. Liu, X. L. Wang, B. Zhou, W. C. Law, A. N. Cartwright, and M. T. Swihart, “Size-controlled synthesis of Cu2-xE (E = S, Se) nanocrystals with strong tunable near-infrared localized surface plasmon resonance and high conductivity in thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(10), 1256–1264 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Huang, X. L. Wang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “A plasmonic nano-antenna with controllable resonance frequency: Cu1.94S-ZnS dimeric nanoheterostructure synthesized in solution,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(42), 22614–22618 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

H. H. Ye, A. W. Tang, L. M. Huang, Y. Wang, C. H. Yang, Y. B. Hou, H. S. Peng, F. J. Zhang, and F. Teng, “Facile one-step synthesis and transformation of Cu(I)-doped zinc sulfide nanocrystals to Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals,” Langmuir 29(27), 8728–8735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. Tang, F. Teng, S. Xiong, Y. Wang, B. Feng, and Y. B. Hou, “Nanocrystals/polymer light-emitting diodes with different-sized water-sol CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(10), K190 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. S.

F. Huang, X. L. Wang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “A plasmonic nano-antenna with controllable resonance frequency: Cu1.94S-ZnS dimeric nanoheterostructure synthesized in solution,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(42), 22614–22618 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Huang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “Sandwich-like Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S nanoheterostructure: structure, formation mechanism and localized surface plasmon resonance behavior,” Nanotechnology 23(42), 425604 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. Tang, L. X. Yi, W. Han, F. Teng, Y. S. Wang, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis, optical properties, and superlattice structure of Cu(I)-doped CdS nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 033112 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. W. Tang, F. Teng, Y. B. Hou, Y. S. Wang, F. R. Tan, S. C. Qu, and Z. G. Wang, “Optical properties and electrical bistability of CdS nanoparticles synthesized in dodecanethiol,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 163112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. G.

A. W. Tang, F. Teng, Y. B. Hou, Y. S. Wang, F. R. Tan, S. C. Qu, and Z. G. Wang, “Optical properties and electrical bistability of CdS nanoparticles synthesized in dodecanethiol,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 163112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. M.

S. K. Han, M. Gong, H. B. Yao, Z. M. Wang, and S. H. Yu, “One-pot controlled synthesis of hexagonal-prismatic Cu1.94S-ZnS, Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S, and Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S heteronanostructures,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 51(26), 6365–6368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiong, S.

A. W. Tang, F. Teng, S. Xiong, Y. Wang, B. Feng, and Y. B. Hou, “Nanocrystals/polymer light-emitting diodes with different-sized water-sol CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(10), K190 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

F. Huang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “Sandwich-like Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S nanoheterostructure: structure, formation mechanism and localized surface plasmon resonance behavior,” Nanotechnology 23(42), 425604 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Huang, X. L. Wang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “A plasmonic nano-antenna with controllable resonance frequency: Cu1.94S-ZnS dimeric nanoheterostructure synthesized in solution,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(42), 22614–22618 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, Q. H.

M. D. Regulacio, C. Ye, S. H. Lim, M. Bosman, L. Polavarapu, W. L. Koh, J. Zhang, Q. H. Xu, and M. Y. Han, “One-pot synthesis of Cu1.94S-CdS and Cu1.94S-ZnxCd1-xS nanodisk heterostructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(7), 2052–2055 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xue, J. G.

J. H. Yang, A. W. Tang, R. J. Zhou, and J. G. Xue, “Effects of nanocrystal size and device aging on performance of hybrid poly(3-hexylthiophene): CdSe nanocrystal solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 476–482 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, C. H.

H. H. Ye, A. W. Tang, L. M. Huang, Y. Wang, C. H. Yang, Y. B. Hou, H. S. Peng, F. J. Zhang, and F. Teng, “Facile one-step synthesis and transformation of Cu(I)-doped zinc sulfide nanocrystals to Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals,” Langmuir 29(27), 8728–8735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, H.

Yang, J.

J. Yang, J. B. You, C. C. Chen, W. C. Hsu, H. R. Tan, X. W. Zhang, Z. R. Hong, and Y. Yang, “Plasmonic polymer tandem solar cell,” ACS Nano 5(8), 6210–6217 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J. H.

J. H. Yang, A. W. Tang, R. J. Zhou, and J. G. Xue, “Effects of nanocrystal size and device aging on performance of hybrid poly(3-hexylthiophene): CdSe nanocrystal solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 476–482 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

J. Yang, J. B. You, C. C. Chen, W. C. Hsu, H. R. Tan, X. W. Zhang, Z. R. Hong, and Y. Yang, “Plasmonic polymer tandem solar cell,” ACS Nano 5(8), 6210–6217 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yao, H. B.

S. K. Han, M. Gong, H. B. Yao, Z. M. Wang, and S. H. Yu, “One-pot controlled synthesis of hexagonal-prismatic Cu1.94S-ZnS, Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S, and Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S heteronanostructures,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 51(26), 6365–6368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, C.

M. D. Regulacio, C. Ye, S. H. Lim, M. Bosman, L. Polavarapu, W. L. Koh, J. Zhang, Q. H. Xu, and M. Y. Han, “One-pot synthesis of Cu1.94S-CdS and Cu1.94S-ZnxCd1-xS nanodisk heterostructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(7), 2052–2055 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, H. H.

H. H. Ye, A. W. Tang, L. M. Huang, Y. Wang, C. H. Yang, Y. B. Hou, H. S. Peng, F. J. Zhang, and F. Teng, “Facile one-step synthesis and transformation of Cu(I)-doped zinc sulfide nanocrystals to Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals,” Langmuir 29(27), 8728–8735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yi, L. X.

A. W. Tang, L. X. Yi, W. Han, F. Teng, Y. S. Wang, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis, optical properties, and superlattice structure of Cu(I)-doped CdS nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 033112 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. X. Yi, A. W. Tang, M. Niu, W. Han, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis and self-assembly of Cu1.94S–ZnS heterostructured nanorods,” CrystEngComm 12(12), 4124–4130 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Han, L. X. Yi, N. Zhao, A. W. Tang, M. Y. Gao, and Z. Y. Tang, “Synthesis and shape-tailoring of copper sulfide/indium sulfide-based nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(39), 13152–13161 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, Y. D.

Z. D. Lu and Y. D. Yin, “Colloidal nanoparticle clusters: functional materials by design,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 41(21), 6874–6887 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

You, J. B.

J. Yang, J. B. You, C. C. Chen, W. C. Hsu, H. R. Tan, X. W. Zhang, Z. R. Hong, and Y. Yang, “Plasmonic polymer tandem solar cell,” ACS Nano 5(8), 6210–6217 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, S. H.

S. K. Han, M. Gong, H. B. Yao, Z. M. Wang, and S. H. Yu, “One-pot controlled synthesis of hexagonal-prismatic Cu1.94S-ZnS, Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S, and Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S heteronanostructures,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 51(26), 6365–6368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, F. J.

H. H. Ye, A. W. Tang, L. M. Huang, Y. Wang, C. H. Yang, Y. B. Hou, H. S. Peng, F. J. Zhang, and F. Teng, “Facile one-step synthesis and transformation of Cu(I)-doped zinc sulfide nanocrystals to Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals,” Langmuir 29(27), 8728–8735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

M. D. Regulacio, C. Ye, S. H. Lim, M. Bosman, L. Polavarapu, W. L. Koh, J. Zhang, Q. H. Xu, and M. Y. Han, “One-pot synthesis of Cu1.94S-CdS and Cu1.94S-ZnxCd1-xS nanodisk heterostructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(7), 2052–2055 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X. W.

J. Yang, J. B. You, C. C. Chen, W. C. Hsu, H. R. Tan, X. W. Zhang, Z. R. Hong, and Y. Yang, “Plasmonic polymer tandem solar cell,” ACS Nano 5(8), 6210–6217 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, N.

W. Han, L. X. Yi, N. Zhao, A. W. Tang, M. Y. Gao, and Z. Y. Tang, “Synthesis and shape-tailoring of copper sulfide/indium sulfide-based nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(39), 13152–13161 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, B.

X. Liu, X. L. Wang, B. Zhou, W. C. Law, A. N. Cartwright, and M. T. Swihart, “Size-controlled synthesis of Cu2-xE (E = S, Se) nanocrystals with strong tunable near-infrared localized surface plasmon resonance and high conductivity in thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(10), 1256–1264 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhou, R. J.

J. H. Yang, A. W. Tang, R. J. Zhou, and J. G. Xue, “Effects of nanocrystal size and device aging on performance of hybrid poly(3-hexylthiophene): CdSe nanocrystal solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 476–482 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhuang, J.

X. Wang, J. Zhuang, Q. Peng, and Y. D. Li, “A general strategy for nanocrystal synthesis,” Nature 437(7055), 121–124 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

J. Yang, J. B. You, C. C. Chen, W. C. Hsu, H. R. Tan, X. W. Zhang, Z. R. Hong, and Y. Yang, “Plasmonic polymer tandem solar cell,” ACS Nano 5(8), 6210–6217 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

X. Liu, X. L. Wang, B. Zhou, W. C. Law, A. N. Cartwright, and M. T. Swihart, “Size-controlled synthesis of Cu2-xE (E = S, Se) nanocrystals with strong tunable near-infrared localized surface plasmon resonance and high conductivity in thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(10), 1256–1264 (2013).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. S. Lo, T. Mirkovic, C. H. Chuang, C. Burda, and G. D. Scholes, “Emergent properties resulting from type-II band alignment in semiconductor nanoheterostructures,” Adv. Mater. 23(2), 180–197 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

S. K. Han, M. Gong, H. B. Yao, Z. M. Wang, and S. H. Yu, “One-pot controlled synthesis of hexagonal-prismatic Cu1.94S-ZnS, Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S, and Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S heteronanostructures,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 51(26), 6365–6368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. W. Tang, F. Teng, Y. B. Hou, Y. S. Wang, F. R. Tan, S. C. Qu, and Z. G. Wang, “Optical properties and electrical bistability of CdS nanoparticles synthesized in dodecanethiol,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 163112 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. W. Tang, L. X. Yi, W. Han, F. Teng, Y. S. Wang, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis, optical properties, and superlattice structure of Cu(I)-doped CdS nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 033112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mater. (1)

S. W. Hsu, W. Bryks, and A. R. Tao, “Effects of ccarrier density and shape on the localized surface plasmon resonances of Cu2–xS nanodisks,” Chem. Mater. 24(19), 3765–3771 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

Z. D. Lu and Y. D. Yin, “Colloidal nanoparticle clusters: functional materials by design,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 41(21), 6874–6887 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

CrystEngComm (1)

L. X. Yi, A. W. Tang, M. Niu, W. Han, Y. B. Hou, and M. Y. Gao, “Synthesis and self-assembly of Cu1.94S–ZnS heterostructured nanorods,” CrystEngComm 12(12), 4124–4130 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (5)

K. Manthiram and A. P. Alivisatos, “Tunable localized surface plasmon resonances in tungsten oxide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(9), 3995–3998 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Han, L. X. Yi, N. Zhao, A. W. Tang, M. Y. Gao, and Z. Y. Tang, “Synthesis and shape-tailoring of copper sulfide/indium sulfide-based nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(39), 13152–13161 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Hsu, K. On, and A. R. Tao, “Localized surface plasmon resonances of anisotropic semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(47), 19072–19075 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Regulacio, C. Ye, S. H. Lim, M. Bosman, L. Polavarapu, W. L. Koh, J. Zhang, Q. H. Xu, and M. Y. Han, “One-pot synthesis of Cu1.94S-CdS and Cu1.94S-ZnxCd1-xS nanodisk heterostructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(7), 2052–2055 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Kriegel, C. Y. Jiang, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, R. D. Schaller, D. V. Talapin, E. da Como, and J. Feldmann, “Tuning the excitonic and plasmonic properties of copper chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(3), 1583–1590 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (1)

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J. Mater. Chem. (1)

F. Huang, X. L. Wang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “A plasmonic nano-antenna with controllable resonance frequency: Cu1.94S-ZnS dimeric nanoheterostructure synthesized in solution,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(42), 22614–22618 (2012).
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J. Mater. Chem. A (1)

H. C. Liao, M. H. Jao, J. J. Shyue, Y. F. Chen, and W. F. Su, “Facile synthesis of wurtzite copper–zinc–tin sulfide nanocrystals from plasmonic djurleite nuclei,” J. Mater. Chem. A 1(2), 337–341 (2012).
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Langmuir (1)

H. H. Ye, A. W. Tang, L. M. Huang, Y. Wang, C. H. Yang, Y. B. Hou, H. S. Peng, F. J. Zhang, and F. Teng, “Facile one-step synthesis and transformation of Cu(I)-doped zinc sulfide nanocrystals to Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals,” Langmuir 29(27), 8728–8735 (2013).
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L. Carbone and P. D. Cozzoli, “Colloidal heterostructured nanocrystals: synthesis and growth mechanisms,” Nano Today 5(5), 449–493 (2010).
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Nanotechnology (1)

F. Huang, J. Xu, D. Q. Chen, and Y. S. Wang, “Sandwich-like Cu1.94S-ZnS-Cu1.94S nanoheterostructure: structure, formation mechanism and localized surface plasmon resonance behavior,” Nanotechnology 23(42), 425604 (2012).
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J. M. Luther, P. K. Jain, T. Ewers, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Localized surface plasmon resonances arising from free carriers in doped quantum dots,” Nat. Mater. 10(5), 361–366 (2011).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 XRD patterns of Cu1.94S nanocrystals, and the bottom lines are the standard diffraction lines of monoclinic Cu1.94S (JCPDS. No 23-0959).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) TEM image and (b) size distribution histogram of Cu1.94S nanocrystals.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 XRD patterns of Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals with the standard lines of monoclinic Cu1.94S (JCPDS no. 23-0959) and wurtzite ZnS (JCPDS no. 79-2204) at the bottom.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Typical TEM images of the Cu1.94S-ZnS nanocrystals obtained at different reaction time: (a) 120 min; (b) 180 min; (c) 270 min; (d) A typical HRTEM image; (e)Size evolution of the “head” and “stick” of the matchstick-like as a function of reaction time.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 UV-Vis-NIR absorption spectra of Cu1.94S and Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals dispersed in chloroform, and the inset shows the absorption spectra on the energy scale.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) UV-Vis-NIR absorption spectra of Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals at different reaction time, and the inset shows the absorption spectra on the energy scale; (b) the relationship between the LSPRs peaks and the growth time of Cu1.94S-ZnS heterostructured nanocrystals.

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