Abstract

It is important to arbitrarily manipulate optical intensity, an important degree of freedom to light, on microscales, which is a fundamental requirement for integration and miniaturization of optical devices. Metasurfaces have shown unprecedented capabilities for manipulating light in terms of phase, intensity, and polarization. Here, an ultrathin metasurface composed of silver nanorods illuminated by linearly polarized light is demonstrated to manipulate optical intensity in subwavelength scales. By modulating rod orientations, gradient reflectance of light can be achieved on dual-wavelength regimes with contrast reflection intensities. Further, a nanorod metasurface, embedded with a picture of a panda profile, is experimentally designed for grayscale imaging, and the measurements demonstrate that two complementary grayscale images can be displayed at 633 and 900 nm. The grayscale imaging by a proposed ultrathin metasurface with dual-wavelength, complementary, and subwavelength-resolution characteristics provides a simple but efficient way for tailoring optical intensity on subwavelength scales, which is promising for a variety of applications such as encryption and decryption, display, information security, and optical communication.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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