Abstract

Reflective multichannel metasurfaces are flat reflectors that can control incident and reflected waves in a number of propagating directions simultaneously. However, they are always densely discretized with a high spatial resolution, which increases the manufacturing complexity. In this Letter, to the best of our knowledge, a new method that combines the array antenna theory with the metagratings theory is proposed. We demonstrate that the unit cells with a linear gradient phase in each period of the metasurfaces can eliminate specific space harmonics. With this method, multichannel metasurfaces can be designed with sparse unit cells, and high efficiency is maintained simultaneously. As proofs of the method, we design three different terahertz multichannel metasurfaces with no more than three unit cells per period. The simplification of structures can efficiently reduce the manufacturing complexity. This work may open up new routes in designing multichannel metasurfaces.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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