Abstract

We experimentally study filamentation and supercontinuum generation in bulk silicon crystal using femtosecond mid-infrared pulses with carrier wavelengths in the range of 3.25–4.7 μm, in the presence of three-, four-, and five-photon absorption. Spectral measurements show a fairly stable blueshifted cutoff in the 2.5–2.7 μm range and gradual increase of the long-wave extent with increasing wavelength of the incident pulses, eventually yielding an octave-spanning supercontinuum, covering the wavelength range from 2.5 to 5.8 μm with the input pulses at 4.7 μm. The recorded spatiotemporal intensity distributions of a single filament revealed pulse splitting after the nonlinear focus, in line with the pulse-splitting-based filamentation scenario inherent to normally dispersive dielectric nonlinear media.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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