Abstract

We introduce a simple method to extend the performance of pulse coding techniques in their application to Brillouin optical time-domain analysis sensors (BOTDA). It is based on applying a simple logarithmic processing on the detected probe wave that compensates the deviation from linearity of the sensor response for long code lengths. The technique ensures that the accumulated effect of a sequence of pulses is equal to the linear addition of the effects of the individual components, which is the essential condition to ensure a correct decoding of the probe gain measurement. We experimentally demonstrate the compensation of the Brillouin frequency shift error induced by the accumulated gain nonlinearity. Furthermore, a proof-of-concept 80 km sensing link within a total 200 km fiber loop demonstrated a better than 2 MHz precision with 2 m spatial resolution.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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