Abstract

We devise a laser-controlled adaptive optical element that operates intracavity under high-intensity radiation. This element substitutes a conventional mechanically deformable mirror and is free of critical heat-sensitive components and electronics. The deformation mechanism is based on the projection of a continuous-wave control laser onto a specially designed mirror. Mounted to a water-cooled heat sink, the mirror can handle laser radiation beyond 3  MW/cm2. The properties of the adaptive optical element, including the maximum correctable wavefront pitch of 800 nm, are discussed. The successful implementation in a multi-pass thin-disk amplifier is presented. An improvement of the beam quality by a factor of three is achieved. We identify measures to enhance the performance of the adaptive optics towards efficient operation in a high-power laser system.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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References

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2018 (1)

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2012 (3)

S. Piehler, B. Weichelt, A. Voss, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, Opt. Lett. 37, 5033 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Verpoort, P. Rausch, U. Wittrock, S. S. Olivier, T. G. Bifano, and J. Kubby, Proc. SPIE 8253, 825309 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Mende, G. Spindler, T. Hall, E. Schmid, J. Speiser, and A. Giesen, Appl. Phys. B 108, 779 (2012).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

J. Mende, G. Spindler, J. Speiser, and A. Giesen, Appl. Phys. B 97, 307 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2003 (1)

U. Wittrock, A. V. Kudryashov, A. H. Paxton, I. Buske, and H. M. Heuck, Proc. SPIE 4969, 122 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

S. Sinha, J. D. Mansell, R. L. Byer, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, and M. T. Gruneisen, Proc. SPIE 4493, 55 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Roorda, F. Romero-Borja, W. J. Donnelly, H. Queener, T. J. Hebert, and M. C. Campbell, Opt. Express 10, 405 (2002).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, M. A.

Amin, R.

Asman, C. P.

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

Bifano, T. G.

S. Verpoort, P. Rausch, U. Wittrock, S. S. Olivier, T. G. Bifano, and J. Kubby, Proc. SPIE 8253, 825309 (2012).
[Crossref]

Brauch, U.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[Crossref]

Burchman, D.

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

Buske, I.

U. Wittrock, A. V. Kudryashov, A. H. Paxton, I. Buske, and H. M. Heuck, Proc. SPIE 4969, 122 (2003).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

S. Sinha, J. D. Mansell, R. L. Byer, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, and M. T. Gruneisen, Proc. SPIE 4493, 55 (2002).
[Crossref]

Campbell, M. C.

Canuel, B.

Cavalier, F.

Chen, S.

Day, R.

Dong, L.

Donnelly, W. J.

Eckel, H.-A.

Esmiller, B.

Fan, Z.

Franzen, K. Y.

Genin, E.

Giesen, A.

J. Mende, G. Spindler, T. Hall, E. Schmid, J. Speiser, and A. Giesen, Appl. Phys. B 108, 779 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Mende, G. Spindler, J. Speiser, and A. Giesen, Appl. Phys. B 97, 307 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[Crossref]

Gleason, J.

Gonglewski, J. D.

S. Sinha, J. D. Mansell, R. L. Byer, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, and M. T. Gruneisen, Proc. SPIE 4493, 55 (2002).
[Crossref]

Graf, T.

Gruneisen, M. T.

S. Sinha, J. D. Mansell, R. L. Byer, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, and M. T. Gruneisen, Proc. SPIE 4493, 55 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hall, T.

J. Mende, G. Spindler, T. Hall, E. Schmid, J. Speiser, and A. Giesen, Appl. Phys. B 108, 779 (2012).
[Crossref]

He, X.

Hebert, T. J.

Heuck, H. M.

U. Wittrock, A. V. Kudryashov, A. H. Paxton, I. Buske, and H. M. Heuck, Proc. SPIE 4969, 122 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hügel, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[Crossref]

Injeyan, H.

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

Jacquelard, C.

Jankevics, A.

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

Johnson, A. M.

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

Jones, G. C.

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

Kang, Z.

Kasprzack, M.

Komine, H.

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

Kubby, J.

S. Verpoort, P. Rausch, U. Wittrock, S. S. Olivier, T. G. Bifano, and J. Kubby, Proc. SPIE 8253, 825309 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kudryashov, A. V.

U. Wittrock, A. V. Kudryashov, A. H. Paxton, I. Buske, and H. M. Heuck, Proc. SPIE 4969, 122 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lai, B.

Lee, J.

Leidel, C.

Lin, X.

Liu, H.

Liu, J.

Liu, W.

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

Machan, J.

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

Mansell, J. D.

S. Sinha, J. D. Mansell, R. L. Byer, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, and M. T. Gruneisen, Proc. SPIE 4493, 55 (2002).
[Crossref]

Marmo, J.

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

Marque, J.

McClellan, M.

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

McNaught, S. J.

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

Mende, J.

J. Mende, G. Spindler, T. Hall, E. Schmid, J. Speiser, and A. Giesen, Appl. Phys. B 108, 779 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Mende, G. Spindler, J. Speiser, and A. Giesen, Appl. Phys. B 97, 307 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mueller, G.

Olivier, S. S.

S. Verpoort, P. Rausch, U. Wittrock, S. S. Olivier, T. G. Bifano, and J. Kubby, Proc. SPIE 8253, 825309 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opower, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[Crossref]

Pang, Q.

Paxton, A. H.

U. Wittrock, A. V. Kudryashov, A. H. Paxton, I. Buske, and H. M. Heuck, Proc. SPIE 4969, 122 (2003).
[Crossref]

Piehler, S.

Qiu, J.

Queener, H.

Quetschke, V.

Rakhmanov, M.

Rausch, P.

S. Verpoort, P. Rausch, U. Wittrock, S. S. Olivier, T. G. Bifano, and J. Kubby, Proc. SPIE 8253, 825309 (2012).
[Crossref]

Reitze, D. H.

Romero-Borja, F.

Roorda, A.

Schmid, E.

J. Mende, G. Spindler, T. Hall, E. Schmid, J. Speiser, and A. Giesen, Appl. Phys. B 108, 779 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sentenac, D.

Simpson, R.

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

Sinha, S.

S. Sinha, J. D. Mansell, R. L. Byer, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, and M. T. Gruneisen, Proc. SPIE 4493, 55 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sollee, J.

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

Speiser, J.

J. Mende, G. Spindler, T. Hall, E. Schmid, J. Speiser, and A. Giesen, Appl. Phys. B 108, 779 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Mende, G. Spindler, J. Speiser, and A. Giesen, Appl. Phys. B 97, 307 (2009).
[Crossref]

Spindler, G.

J. Mende, G. Spindler, T. Hall, E. Schmid, J. Speiser, and A. Giesen, Appl. Phys. B 108, 779 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Mende, G. Spindler, J. Speiser, and A. Giesen, Appl. Phys. B 97, 307 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tang, G.

Tanner, D. B.

Tian, D.

Vajente, G.

Valley, M. M.

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

Verpoort, S.

S. Verpoort, P. Rausch, U. Wittrock, S. S. Olivier, T. G. Bifano, and J. Kubby, Proc. SPIE 8253, 825309 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vorontsov, M. A.

S. Sinha, J. D. Mansell, R. L. Byer, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, and M. T. Gruneisen, Proc. SPIE 4493, 55 (2002).
[Crossref]

Voss, A.

S. Piehler, B. Weichelt, A. Voss, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, Opt. Lett. 37, 5033 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Wang, J.

Wang, L.

Wang, S.

Wang, Y.

Weber, M.

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

Weichelt, B.

Weiss, S. B.

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

Wittig, K.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wittrock, U.

S. Verpoort, P. Rausch, U. Wittrock, S. S. Olivier, T. G. Bifano, and J. Kubby, Proc. SPIE 8253, 825309 (2012).
[Crossref]

U. Wittrock, A. V. Kudryashov, A. H. Paxton, I. Buske, and H. M. Heuck, Proc. SPIE 4969, 122 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wnuk, E.

Xu, B.

Yang, K.

Yang, L.

Yang, P.

Yang, Q.

Yu, X.

Zhang, L.

Zheng, Q.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Mende, G. Spindler, J. Speiser, and A. Giesen, Appl. Phys. B 97, 307 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Mende, G. Spindler, T. Hall, E. Schmid, J. Speiser, and A. Giesen, Appl. Phys. B 108, 779 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (3)

S. Sinha, J. D. Mansell, R. L. Byer, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, and M. T. Gruneisen, Proc. SPIE 4493, 55 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Verpoort, P. Rausch, U. Wittrock, S. S. Olivier, T. G. Bifano, and J. Kubby, Proc. SPIE 8253, 825309 (2012).
[Crossref]

U. Wittrock, A. V. Kudryashov, A. H. Paxton, I. Buske, and H. M. Heuck, Proc. SPIE 4969, 122 (2003).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

S. J. McNaught, H. Komine, S. B. Weiss, R. Simpson, A. M. Johnson, J. Machan, C. P. Asman, M. Weber, G. C. Jones, M. M. Valley, A. Jankevics, D. Burchman, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, J. Marmo, and H. Injeyan, “100  kw coherently combined slab mopas,” in Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Baltimore, Maryland (2009).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Adaptive optics setup: the deformable mirror (DM), placed on a heat sink, is addressed with the control laser beam that is intensity modulated by the DLP (digital light processing) chip, exemplarily featuring the pattern shown in (b). The readout laser wavefront is measured by the SHS (Shack–Hartmann sensor), and aberrations are analyzed with a computer connected to the DLP chip. Telescopes between the components ensure proper relay imaging. The primary laser is projected on a M2 measurement system for beam quality analysis. (b) Exemplary wavefront adaption: a sharp edge on the DLP chip leads to a cutoff in the control laser beam intensity and to a defined plateau on the mirror surface. The wavefront of the readout laser is deformed as schematically illustrated with (A) and (B) in (a) and recorded in the SHS picture. (c) For the multi-pass setup, the DM in (a) is replaced by seven consecutive imaging paths between laser disk (LD) and DM.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Mirror surface dilation extracted from the wavefront picture as shown in Fig. 1(b) at different intensities irradiated on the DM. The inlay illustrates the linear dependence between peak dilation and intensity on the AO. (b) Resolution of the AO visualized with the DLR logo on the DLP chip: the left picture shows the DLP chip pattern, which leads to different wavefront distortions, depending on the image scaling of the relay lens systems applied in our setup. In particular, switching from a 11 scaling between DM and SHS (S1) to a 21 scaling (S2) improves the resolution by a factor of two.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Measurement of the beam quality M2 as a function of the pump power PPump with and without the AO implemented (i.e., the deformable or a plane mirror installed). At PPump=1750  W, the beam quality is improved by a factor of three. The shaded area depicts the measurement uncertainty. (b) Wavefront pictures before and after the compensation process by the AO for the measurement point at PPump=1750  W.