Abstract

We demonstrate an ultra-compact waveguide taper on a silicon nitride platform. The proposed taper provides a coupling efficiency of 95% at a length of 19.5 μm in comparison to the standard linear taper of length 50 μm, which connects a 10 μm wide waveguide to a 1 μm wide photonic wire. The taper has a spectral response >75% spanning over 800 nm and resilience to fabrication variations; ±200  nm change in taper and end waveguide width varies transmission by <5%. We experimentally demonstrate taper insertion loss of <0.1  dB/transition for a taper as short as 19.5 μm, and reduce the footprint of the photonic device by 50.8% compared to the standard adiabatic taper. To the best of our knowledge, the proposed taper is the shortest waveguide taper ever reported in silicon nitride.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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