Abstract

Multi-photon entangled states not only play a crucial role in research on quantum physics but also have many applications in quantum information fields such as quantum computation, quantum communication, and quantum metrology. To fully exploit the multi-photon entangled states, it is important to establish the interaction between entangled photons and matter, which requires that photons have narrow bandwidth. Here, we report on the experimental generation of a narrowband four-photon Greenberger–Horne–Zeilinger state with a fidelity of 64.9% through multiplexing two spontaneous four-wave mixings in a cold Rb85 atomic ensemble. The full bandwidth of the generated GHZ state is about 19.5 MHz. Thus, the generated photons can effectively match the atoms, which are very suitable for building a quantum computation and quantum communication network based on atomic ensembles.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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