Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a novel and compact optical-fiber temperature sensor with a high sensitivity and high figure of merit (FOM) based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR). The sensor is fabricated by employing a single-mode twin-core fiber (TCF), which is polished as a circular truncated cone and coated with a layer of gold film and a layer of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). Owing to the high refractive index sensitivity of SPR sensors and high thermo-optic coefficient of PDMS, the sensor realizes a high temperature sensitivity of 4.13  nm/°C to 2.07  nm/°C in the range from 20°C to 70°C, transcending most other types of optical-fiber temperature sensors. Owing to the fundamental mode beam transmitting in the TCF, the sensor realizes a high FOM of up to 0.034/°C, more than twice that of SPR sensors based on multimode fiber. The proposed temperature sensor is meaningful and will have potential applications in many fields, such as biomedical and biomaterial.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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