Abstract

Large-area patterning of periodic nanostructures using self-assembled nanospheres is of interest for fabricating low-cost plasmonic substrates, such as two-dimensional (2D) metallic gratings. Surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) excited on metallic gratings have applications in biosensors, thin-film photovoltaics, photoelectrochemical cells, and photodetectors. Here we fabricated large-area metallic gratings using nanosphere lithography, and the geometry of gratings was controlled by the sphere size and distance between nanospheres. Both forward and backward propagating SPPs were observed using the grating coupling geometry. Furthermore, we reported the first observation of localized surface plasmons (LSPs) on this large-area metallic grating by both simulation and experimental studies. Such an LSP mode was confined in the 2D nanocavities and was not supported by dielectric gratings with the same 2D geometry.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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