Abstract

We present a broadband terahertz wave modulator with improved modulation depth and switch speed by cautiously selecting the gate dielectric materials in a large-area graphene-based field-effect transistor (GFET). An ultrathin Al2O3 film (60nm) is deposited by an atomic-layer-deposition technique as a high-k gate dielectric layer, which reduces the Coulomb impurity scattering and cavity effect, and thus greatly improves the modulation performance. Our modulator has achieved a modulation depth of 22% and modulation speed of 170 kHz in a frequency range from 0.4 to 1.5 THz, which is a large improvement in comparison to its predecessor of SiO2-based GFET.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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