Abstract

Whispering gallery modes in ZnO nanorods with equilateral triangular cross sections were studied for the first time, to our knowledge. Photoluminescence following excitation with 325nm radiation was observed at discrete wavelengths and thereby indicated the excitation of whispering gallery modes of triangular ZnO nanorod resonators. These resonances extended over both the visible emission band and the ultraviolet emission band of ZnO. The refractive index of ZnO between 2eV and 3.2eV was calculated assuming a “folded” whispering gallery mode and a simple plane-wave model. Our analysis shows that the plane-wave model produces a dispersion curve that agrees well with that of bulk ZnO for large nanorods but shows small deviations when the size of the nanorod resonator approaches the wavelength of the emitted light.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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