Abstract

Optical implementation of Hopfield’s neural network model [Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 79, 2554 (1982)] for two-dimensional associative memory is discussed. Two-state neuron elements are represented by a twisted nematic liquid-crystal optical switch array, and three-dimensional holographic interconnections are realized with these elements. Unipolar connections, created by adding a constant to bipolar interconnections and compensating them with an input-dependent thresholding operation, are realized. The 16- (4 × 4) neuron system model acts as a content-addressable associative memory with error-correction capability.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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