Abstract

The continuing growth in information demand from fixed and mobile end-users, coupled with the need to deliver this content in an economically viable manner, is driving new innovations in access networks. In particular, it is becoming increasingly important to find new ways to enable the coexistence of heterogeneous services types which may require different signal modulation formats over the same fiber infrastructure. For example, the same physical layer can potentially be used to deliver shared 10Gb/s services to residential customers, dedicated point-to-point (P2P) 100Gb/s services to business customers, and wireless fronthaul, in a highly cost-effective manner. In this converged scenario, the performance of phase modulated signals can be heavily affected by nonlinear crosstalk from co-propagating on-off-keying (OOK) channels. In this paper, the overlay of a 100G P2P dual-polarization quadrature phase-shift keying (DP-QPSK) channel in a long-reach passive optical network (LR-PON) in the presence of co-propagating 10Gb/s OOK neighboring channels is studied for two different PON topologies. The first LR-PON topology is particularly suited for densely populated areas while the second is aimed at rural, sparsely populated areas. The experimental results indicate that with an emulated load of 40 channels the urban architecture can support up to 100km span and 512 users, while the rural architecture can support up to 120km span and 1024 users. Finally, a system model is developed to predict the system performance and system margins for configurations different from the experimental setups and to carry out design optimization that could in principle lead to even more efficient and robust schemes.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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References

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2017 (5)

2016 (3)

2015 (2)

2014 (1)

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, and S. Bigo, “Nonlinearity Limitations When Mixing 40-Gb/s Coherent PDM-QPSK Channels With Preexisting 10-Gb/s NRZ Channels,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1314–1316 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. J. Savory, “Digital filters for coherent optical receivers,” Opt. Express 16(2), 804–817 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

S. Chandrasekhar and X. Liu, “Impact of Channel Plan and Dispersion Map on Hybrid DWDM Transmission of 42.7-Gb/s DQPSK and 10.7-Gb/s OOK on 50-GHz Grid,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(22), 1801–1803 (2007).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear Estimation of Psk-Modulated Carrier Phase with Application to Burst Digital Transmissions,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29(4), 543–551 (1983).
[Crossref]

Abbas, H. S.

H. S. Abbas and M. A. Gregory, “The next generation of passive optical networks: A review,” J. Netw. Comput. Appl. 67, 53–74 (2016).
[Crossref]

Achouche, M.

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appathurai, S.

Artiglia, M.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Azcarate, G.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Babenko, Y.

Bayvel, P.

Bellotti, G.

Bertolini, M.

Bertran-Pardo, O.

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, and S. Bigo, “Nonlinearity Limitations When Mixing 40-Gb/s Coherent PDM-QPSK Channels With Preexisting 10-Gb/s NRZ Channels,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1314–1316 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bigo, S.

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, and S. Bigo, “Nonlinearity Limitations When Mixing 40-Gb/s Coherent PDM-QPSK Channels With Preexisting 10-Gb/s NRZ Channels,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1314–1316 (2008).
[Crossref]

Blumm, C.

Bonk, R.

Bononi, A.

Borne, D. d.

D. d. Borne, C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, T. Wuth, E. D. Schmidt, C. Schulien, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Carrier phase estimation for coherent equalization of 43-Gb/s POLMUXNRZ- DQPSK transmission with 10.7-Gb/s NRZ neighbours,” in European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (2007).

Bottoni, F.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Brandonisio, N.

G. Talli, F. Slyne, S. Porto, D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, S. McGettrick, C. Blumm, M. Ruffini, D. Payne, R. Bonk, T. Pfeiffer, N. Parsons, and P. Townsend, “SDN Enabled Dynamically Reconfigurable High Capacity Optical Access Architecture for Converged Services,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(3), 550–560 (2016).

D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, S. Porto, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, N. Parsons, G. Talli, and P. Townsend, “Dynamically Reconfigurable TDM-DWDM PON Ring Architecture for Efficient Rural Deployment,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Cano, I. N.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Carey, D.

G. Talli, F. Slyne, S. Porto, D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, S. McGettrick, C. Blumm, M. Ruffini, D. Payne, R. Bonk, T. Pfeiffer, N. Parsons, and P. Townsend, “SDN Enabled Dynamically Reconfigurable High Capacity Optical Access Architecture for Converged Services,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(3), 550–560 (2016).

D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, S. Porto, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, N. Parsons, G. Talli, and P. Townsend, “Dynamically Reconfigurable TDM-DWDM PON Ring Architecture for Efficient Rural Deployment,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Chandrasekhar, S.

S. Chandrasekhar and X. Liu, “Impact of Channel Plan and Dispersion Map on Hybrid DWDM Transmission of 42.7-Gb/s DQPSK and 10.7-Gb/s OOK on 50-GHz Grid,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(22), 1801–1803 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chaouch, H.

Charlet, G.

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, and S. Bigo, “Nonlinearity Limitations When Mixing 40-Gb/s Coherent PDM-QPSK Channels With Preexisting 10-Gb/s NRZ Channels,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1314–1316 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chu, G. Y.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Ciaramella, E.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Cossu, G.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Davey, R. P.

de Waardt, H.

D. d. Borne, C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, T. Wuth, E. D. Schmidt, C. Schulien, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Carrier phase estimation for coherent equalization of 43-Gb/s POLMUXNRZ- DQPSK transmission with 10.7-Gb/s NRZ neighbours,” in European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (2007).

Debregeas, H.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Doran, N.

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Duthel, T.

D. d. Borne, C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, T. Wuth, E. D. Schmidt, C. Schulien, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Carrier phase estimation for coherent equalization of 43-Gb/s POLMUXNRZ- DQPSK transmission with 10.7-Gb/s NRZ neighbours,” in European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (2007).

Elbers, J. P.

H. Griesser and J. P. Elbers, “Influence of cross-phase modulation induced nonlinear phase noise on DQPSK signals from neighbouring OOK channels,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005).
[Crossref]

H. Griesser, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, and C. Fürst, “43 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK Transmission over a 660 km 10.7 Gb/s DWDM Link,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2006).
[Crossref]

Farjady, F.

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ferreira, R. M.

Fludger, C. R. S.

D. d. Borne, C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, T. Wuth, E. D. Schmidt, C. Schulien, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Carrier phase estimation for coherent equalization of 43-Gb/s POLMUXNRZ- DQPSK transmission with 10.7-Gb/s NRZ neighbours,” in European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (2007).

Fritzsche, D.

Fujiwara, M.

Fürst, C.

H. Griesser, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, and C. Fürst, “43 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK Transmission over a 660 km 10.7 Gb/s DWDM Link,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2006).
[Crossref]

Ghasemi, S.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Gottwald, E.

H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, S. Rosner, E. Weis, P. Wagner, Y. Babenko, D. Fritzsche, and H. Chaouch, “Trials of a Coherent UDWDM PON Over Field-Deployed Fiber: Real-Time LTE Backhauling, Legacy and 100G Coexistence,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(8), 1644–1649 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. d. Borne, C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, T. Wuth, E. D. Schmidt, C. Schulien, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Carrier phase estimation for coherent equalization of 43-Gb/s POLMUXNRZ- DQPSK transmission with 10.7-Gb/s NRZ neighbours,” in European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (2007).

Gregory, M. A.

H. S. Abbas and M. A. Gregory, “The next generation of passive optical networks: A review,” J. Netw. Comput. Appl. 67, 53–74 (2016).
[Crossref]

Griesser, H.

H. Griesser, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, and C. Fürst, “43 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK Transmission over a 660 km 10.7 Gb/s DWDM Link,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2006).
[Crossref]

H. Griesser and J. P. Elbers, “Influence of cross-phase modulation induced nonlinear phase noise on DQPSK signals from neighbouring OOK channels,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005).
[Crossref]

Grossman, D. B.

Guiomar, F. P.

Harstead, E.

V. Houtsma, D. V. Veen, and E. Harstead, “Recent Progress on 25G EPON and beyond,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Houtsma, V.

V. Houtsma and D. van Veen, “A Study of Options for High-Speed TDM-PON Beyond 10G,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(4), 1059–1066 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Houtsma, D. V. Veen, and E. Harstead, “Recent Progress on 25G EPON and beyond,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Houtsma, V. E.

Ionescu, M.

Kani, J.

Kelly, A. E.

Khoe, G. D.

D. d. Borne, C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, T. Wuth, E. D. Schmidt, C. Schulien, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Carrier phase estimation for coherent equalization of 43-Gb/s POLMUXNRZ- DQPSK transmission with 10.7-Gb/s NRZ neighbours,” in European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (2007).

Kim, S.-Y.

Koma, R.

Lavery, D.

Liu, X.

S. Chandrasekhar and X. Liu, “Impact of Channel Plan and Dispersion Map on Hybrid DWDM Transmission of 42.7-Gb/s DQPSK and 10.7-Gb/s OOK on 50-GHz Grid,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(22), 1801–1803 (2007).
[Crossref]

Luis, R. S.

Maher, R.

Makovejs, S.

Mardoyan, H.

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, and S. Bigo, “Nonlinearity Limitations When Mixing 40-Gb/s Coherent PDM-QPSK Channels With Preexisting 10-Gb/s NRZ Channels,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1314–1316 (2008).
[Crossref]

McGettrick, S.

Millar, D. S.

Miura, H.

Montalvo, J.

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Motoshima, K.

Naughton, A.

G. Talli, F. Slyne, S. Porto, D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, S. McGettrick, C. Blumm, M. Ruffini, D. Payne, R. Bonk, T. Pfeiffer, N. Parsons, and P. Townsend, “SDN Enabled Dynamically Reconfigurable High Capacity Optical Access Architecture for Converged Services,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(3), 550–560 (2016).

D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, S. Porto, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, N. Parsons, G. Talli, and P. Townsend, “Dynamically Reconfigurable TDM-DWDM PON Ring Architecture for Efficient Rural Deployment,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Nesset, D.

O’Sullivan, B.

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ossieur, P.

G. Talli, F. Slyne, S. Porto, D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, S. McGettrick, C. Blumm, M. Ruffini, D. Payne, R. Bonk, T. Pfeiffer, N. Parsons, and P. Townsend, “SDN Enabled Dynamically Reconfigurable High Capacity Optical Access Architecture for Converged Services,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(3), 550–560 (2016).

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, S. Porto, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, N. Parsons, G. Talli, and P. Townsend, “Dynamically Reconfigurable TDM-DWDM PON Ring Architecture for Efficient Rural Deployment,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Otaka, A.

Parsons, N.

G. Talli, F. Slyne, S. Porto, D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, S. McGettrick, C. Blumm, M. Ruffini, D. Payne, R. Bonk, T. Pfeiffer, N. Parsons, and P. Townsend, “SDN Enabled Dynamically Reconfigurable High Capacity Optical Access Architecture for Converged Services,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(3), 550–560 (2016).

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, S. Porto, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, N. Parsons, G. Talli, and P. Townsend, “Dynamically Reconfigurable TDM-DWDM PON Ring Architecture for Efficient Rural Deployment,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Payne, D.

Payne, D. B.

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. P. Davey, D. B. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. B. Payne, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, and S. H. Yang, “Long-Reach Passive Optical Networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(3), 273–291 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pfeiffer, T.

G. Talli, F. Slyne, S. Porto, D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, S. McGettrick, C. Blumm, M. Ruffini, D. Payne, R. Bonk, T. Pfeiffer, N. Parsons, and P. Townsend, “SDN Enabled Dynamically Reconfigurable High Capacity Optical Access Architecture for Converged Services,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(3), 550–560 (2016).

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Polo, V.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Porto, S.

G. Talli, F. Slyne, S. Porto, D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, S. McGettrick, C. Blumm, M. Ruffini, D. Payne, R. Bonk, T. Pfeiffer, N. Parsons, and P. Townsend, “SDN Enabled Dynamically Reconfigurable High Capacity Optical Access Architecture for Converged Services,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(3), 550–560 (2016).

D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, S. Porto, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, N. Parsons, G. Talli, and P. Townsend, “Dynamically Reconfigurable TDM-DWDM PON Ring Architecture for Efficient Rural Deployment,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Pous, R.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Prat, J.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Presi, M.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Qiu, X.

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Raack, C.

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rafel, A.

R. P. Davey, D. B. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. B. Payne, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, and S. H. Yang, “Long-Reach Passive Optical Networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(3), 273–291 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Rannello, M.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Rasztovits-Wiech, M.

Reis, J. D.

Renaudier, J.

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, and S. Bigo, “Nonlinearity Limitations When Mixing 40-Gb/s Coherent PDM-QPSK Channels With Preexisting 10-Gb/s NRZ Channels,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1314–1316 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rohde, H.

H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, S. Rosner, E. Weis, P. Wagner, Y. Babenko, D. Fritzsche, and H. Chaouch, “Trials of a Coherent UDWDM PON Over Field-Deployed Fiber: Real-Time LTE Backhauling, Legacy and 100G Coexistence,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(8), 1644–1649 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rosner, S.

Ruffini, M.

G. Talli, F. Slyne, S. Porto, D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, S. McGettrick, C. Blumm, M. Ruffini, D. Payne, R. Bonk, T. Pfeiffer, N. Parsons, and P. Townsend, “SDN Enabled Dynamically Reconfigurable High Capacity Optical Access Architecture for Converged Services,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(3), 550–560 (2016).

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Savory, S. J.

Schiano, M.

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, E. D.

D. d. Borne, C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, T. Wuth, E. D. Schmidt, C. Schulien, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Carrier phase estimation for coherent equalization of 43-Gb/s POLMUXNRZ- DQPSK transmission with 10.7-Gb/s NRZ neighbours,” in European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (2007).

Schulien, C.

D. d. Borne, C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, T. Wuth, E. D. Schmidt, C. Schulien, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Carrier phase estimation for coherent equalization of 43-Gb/s POLMUXNRZ- DQPSK transmission with 10.7-Gb/s NRZ neighbours,” in European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (2007).

Serena, P.

Shahpari, A.

Slyne, F.

Suzuki, K.-I.

Suzuki, N.

Suzuki, T.

Tabares, J.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Talli, G.

G. Talli, F. Slyne, S. Porto, D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, S. McGettrick, C. Blumm, M. Ruffini, D. Payne, R. Bonk, T. Pfeiffer, N. Parsons, and P. Townsend, “SDN Enabled Dynamically Reconfigurable High Capacity Optical Access Architecture for Converged Services,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(3), 550–560 (2016).

D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, S. Porto, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, N. Parsons, G. Talli, and P. Townsend, “Dynamically Reconfigurable TDM-DWDM PON Ring Architecture for Efficient Rural Deployment,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Teixeira, A. L.

Thomsen, B. C.

Torrengo, E.

Townsend, P.

G. Talli, F. Slyne, S. Porto, D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, S. McGettrick, C. Blumm, M. Ruffini, D. Payne, R. Bonk, T. Pfeiffer, N. Parsons, and P. Townsend, “SDN Enabled Dynamically Reconfigurable High Capacity Optical Access Architecture for Converged Services,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(3), 550–560 (2016).

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Carey, N. Brandonisio, S. Porto, A. Naughton, P. Ossieur, N. Parsons, G. Talli, and P. Townsend, “Dynamically Reconfigurable TDM-DWDM PON Ring Architecture for Efficient Rural Deployment,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Tran, P.

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, and S. Bigo, “Nonlinearity Limitations When Mixing 40-Gb/s Coherent PDM-QPSK Channels With Preexisting 10-Gb/s NRZ Channels,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1314–1316 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vall-llosera, G.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

van Veen, D.

van Veen, D. T.

Veen, D. V.

V. Houtsma, D. V. Veen, and E. Harstead, “Recent Progress on 25G EPON and beyond,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Velasquez, J. C.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Vila, C.

I. N. Cano, J. Prat, J. Tabares, J. C. Velasquez, S. Ghasemi, V. Polo, G. Y. Chu, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, M. Rannello, F. Bottoni, M. Artiglia, G. Cossu, R. Pous, G. Azcarate, C. Vila, H. Debregeas, G. Vall-llosera, and A. Rafel, “Field-Trial of Low-Cost Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing, λ-Monitoring and EPON Coexistence,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2016).

Viterbi, A. M.

J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear Estimation of Psk-Modulated Carrier Phase with Application to Burst Digital Transmissions,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29(4), 543–551 (1983).
[Crossref]

Viterbi, J.

J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear Estimation of Psk-Modulated Carrier Phase with Application to Burst Digital Transmissions,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29(4), 543–551 (1983).
[Crossref]

Vujicic, Z.

Wagner, P.

Weis, E.

Wernz, H.

H. Griesser, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, and C. Fürst, “43 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK Transmission over a 660 km 10.7 Gb/s DWDM Link,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2006).
[Crossref]

Wessaly, R.

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wosinska, L.

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wuth, T.

D. d. Borne, C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, T. Wuth, E. D. Schmidt, C. Schulien, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Carrier phase estimation for coherent equalization of 43-Gb/s POLMUXNRZ- DQPSK transmission with 10.7-Gb/s NRZ neighbours,” in European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (2007).

Yang, S. H.

Yin, X.

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yoshima, S.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

M. Ruffini, L. Wosinska, M. Achouche, J. Chen, N. Doran, F. Farjady, J. Montalvo, P. Ossieur, B. O’Sullivan, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, X. Qiu, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “DISCUS: an end-to-end solution for ubiquitous broadband optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(2), S24–S32 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, and S. Bigo, “Nonlinearity Limitations When Mixing 40-Gb/s Coherent PDM-QPSK Channels With Preexisting 10-Gb/s NRZ Channels,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1314–1316 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Chandrasekhar and X. Liu, “Impact of Channel Plan and Dispersion Map on Hybrid DWDM Transmission of 42.7-Gb/s DQPSK and 10.7-Gb/s OOK on 50-GHz Grid,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(22), 1801–1803 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (1)

J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear Estimation of Psk-Modulated Carrier Phase with Application to Burst Digital Transmissions,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29(4), 543–551 (1983).
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J. Lightwave Technol. (11)

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 High-level network view of: (a) a conventional tree LR-PON architecture for densely populated areas; (b) a novel LR-PON architecture based on a chain of amplifier nodes for rural deployment.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Physical layer experimental setup of the LR-PON architecture for (a) urban densely populated areas, and (b) rural sparsely populated areas; (c) upstream and (d) downstream spectra.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental results vs. modeling: (a) performance of the 100G link in downstream as a function of the ODN loss; (b) performance of the 100G link in upstream as a function of the power of the neighboring OOK PON channels.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experimental results vs. modeling: (a) B2B performance; (b) impact of SPM on the DP-QPSK channel performance; impact of XPM on the DP-QPSK channel performance for (c) 50GHz- and (d) 100GHz-spaced 10Gb/s OOK neighboring channels.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 High level overview of the simulation setups used to model the following LR-PON topologies: (a) tree architecture; (b) open-ring architecture with 2 × 40km links; (c) first alternative open-ring architecture with equal distribution of 25km fiber links; (d) second alternative open-ring architecture with 2 × 50km links.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Downstream BER of the tree architecture as a function of the normalized OOK and 100G signal powers launched from the CN for an ODN loss of 30.5dB. The contour corresponding to the FEC threshold of 1.1E-3 is clearly visible from the top-view.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Downstream BER of the open-ring architecture as a function of the normalized OOK and 100G signal powers. The contour corresponding to the FEC threshold of 1.1E-3 is clearly visible from the top-view.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Upstream BER of the tree architecture as a function of the normalized OOK and 100G signal powers. The contour corresponding to the FEC threshold of 1.1E-3 is clearly visible from the top-view. The straight line visible from the top-view represents the ODN loss.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Upstream BER of the open-ring architecture as a function of the normalized OOK and 100G signal powers. The contour corresponding to the FEC threshold of 1.1E-3 is clearly visible from the top-view. The straight line visible from the top-view represents the ODN loss.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Summary of Main Simulation Parameters

Equations (3)

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SER=2Q( 2 E b N 0 )[ 1 1 2 Q( 2 E b N 0 ) ],
BER=Q( 2 E b N 0 ),
BE R BM ( P OOK )= 1 2 BE R CM ( P OOK )+ 1 2 BE R CM,0 ,

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