Abstract

Our first demonstration of an all-PM fiber double clad erbium-ytterbium figure-8 laser mode-locked in a dissipative soliton resonance regime is presented. The laser generated µJ-level rectangular-shaped pulses with a maximum average output power of 1 W at 994 kHz repetition rate. The proposed configuration was characterized for two values resonator lengths – 44 and 205 m (total net-dispersion −0.9274 ps2 and −4.3084 ps2, respectively) to verify the possibility of non-complex tailoring of pulse parameters. The long-term stability of the all-PM configuration and self-starting of the mode-locking was experimentally confirmed by exposing the laser to forces of –5G to 7G magnitude on a vibration generator.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. K. Krzempek and K. Abramski, “Dissipative soliton resonance mode-locked double clad Er:Yb laser at different values of anomalous dispersion,” Opt. Express 24(20), 22379–22386 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. I. Armas-Rivera, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Carrascosa, E. A. Kuzin, G. Beltrán-Pérez, A. Díez, and M. V. Andrés, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a full polarization-maintaining fiber ring laser at different values of dispersion,” Opt. Express 24(9), 9966–9974 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. Hofer, and H. Hochreiter, “Nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 15(13), 752–754 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  27. I. N. Duling, “All-fiber ring soliton laser mode locked with a nonlinear mirror,” Opt. Lett. 16(8), 539–541 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. K. Krzempek, G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Fully-integrated dual-wavelength all-fiber source for mode-locked square-shaped mid-IR pulse generation via DFG in PPLN,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32080–32086 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. Y. Lin, W. Jin, F. Yang, J. Ma, C. Wang, H. L. Ho, and Y. Liu, “Pulsed photothermal interferometry for spectroscopic gas detection with hollow-core optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 39410 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (1)

K. Krzempek and K. Abramski, “6.5 µJ pulses from a compact dissipative soliton resonance mode-locked erbium–ytterbium double clad laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(1), 015101 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (8)

K. Krzempek, J. Sotor, and K. Abramski, “Compact all-fiber figure-9 dissipative soliton resonance mode-locked double-clad Er:Yb laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(21), 4995–4998 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Semaan, F. Ben Braham, M. Salhi, Y. Meng, F. Bahloul, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of high energy square-wave pulses in all anomalous dispersion Er:Yb passive mode locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8399–8404 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhao, D. Ouyang, Z. Zheng, M. Liu, X. Ren, C. Li, S. Ruan, and W. Xie, “100 W dissipative soliton resonances from a thulium-doped double-clad all-fiber-format MOPA system,” Opt. Express 24(11), 12072–12081 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, I. Armas-Rivera, A. Carrascosa, E. A. Kuzin, G. Beltrán-Pérez, A. Díez, and M. V. Andrés, “Instantaneous frequency measurement of dissipative soliton resonant light pulses,” Opt. Lett. 41(24), 5704–5707 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Li, L. Li, J. Zhou, L. Zhao, D. Tang, and D. Shen, “Characterization and compression of dissipative-soliton-resonance pulses in fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23631 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Krzempek and K. Abramski, “Dissipative soliton resonance mode-locked double clad Er:Yb laser at different values of anomalous dispersion,” Opt. Express 24(20), 22379–22386 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Armas-Rivera, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Carrascosa, E. A. Kuzin, G. Beltrán-Pérez, A. Díez, and M. V. Andrés, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a full polarization-maintaining fiber ring laser at different values of dispersion,” Opt. Express 24(9), 9966–9974 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lin, W. Jin, F. Yang, J. Ma, C. Wang, H. L. Ho, and Y. Liu, “Pulsed photothermal interferometry for spectroscopic gas detection with hollow-core optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 39410 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (4)

2014 (2)

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

1991 (2)

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, and M. W. Phillips, “Selfstarting, passively modelocked erbium fibre ring laser based on the amplifying Sagnac switch,” Electron. Lett. 27(6), 542–544 (1991).
[Crossref]

I. N. Duling, “All-fiber ring soliton laser mode locked with a nonlinear mirror,” Opt. Lett. 16(8), 539–541 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

Abramski, K.

Abramski, K. M.

K. Krzempek, G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Fully-integrated dual-wavelength all-fiber source for mode-locked square-shaped mid-IR pulse generation via DFG in PPLN,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32080–32086 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. Nikodem, “10GHz passive harmonic modelocking in Er–Yb double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4203–4206 (2011).
[Crossref]

Akhmediev, N.

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Amrani, F.

Andrés, M. V.

Ankiewicz, A.

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Armas-Rivera, I.

Bahloul, F.

Beltrán-Pérez, G.

Ben Braham, F.

Cai, Z. R.

Cao, W. J.

Carrascosa, A.

Chang, W.

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

Cheng, Z.

Chong, A.

Cuadrado-Laborde, C.

Díez, A.

Duling, I. N.

Eken, K.

Fermann, M. E.

Grelu, P.

Gu, C.

Haberl, F.

Haboucha, A.

Han, H.

Han, M.

Ho, H. L.

Y. Lin, W. Jin, F. Yang, J. Ma, C. Wang, H. L. Ho, and Y. Liu, “Pulsed photothermal interferometry for spectroscopic gas detection with hollow-core optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 39410 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hochreiter, H.

Hofer, M.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Jin, W.

Y. Lin, W. Jin, F. Yang, J. Ma, C. Wang, H. L. Ho, and Y. Liu, “Pulsed photothermal interferometry for spectroscopic gas detection with hollow-core optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 39410 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kaczmarek, P.

G. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. Nikodem, “10GHz passive harmonic modelocking in Er–Yb double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4203–4206 (2011).
[Crossref]

Komarov, A.

Krzempek, K.

Kuzin, E. A.

Laming, R. I.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, and M. W. Phillips, “Selfstarting, passively modelocked erbium fibre ring laser based on the amplifying Sagnac switch,” Electron. Lett. 27(6), 542–544 (1991).
[Crossref]

Leblond, H.

Li, C.

Li, D.

D. Li, L. Li, J. Zhou, L. Zhao, D. Tang, and D. Shen, “Characterization and compression of dissipative-soliton-resonance pulses in fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23631 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H.

Li, L.

D. Li, L. Li, J. Zhou, L. Zhao, D. Tang, and D. Shen, “Characterization and compression of dissipative-soliton-resonance pulses in fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23631 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

Lin, Y.

Y. Lin, W. Jin, F. Yang, J. Ma, C. Wang, H. L. Ho, and Y. Liu, “Pulsed photothermal interferometry for spectroscopic gas detection with hollow-core optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 39410 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, Z. B.

Liu, H.

Liu, M.

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

Y. Lin, W. Jin, F. Yang, J. Ma, C. Wang, H. L. Ho, and Y. Liu, “Pulsed photothermal interferometry for spectroscopic gas detection with hollow-core optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 39410 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, A. P.

Luo, Z. C.

Luo, Z. Ch.

Ma, J.

Y. Lin, W. Jin, F. Yang, J. Ma, C. Wang, H. L. Ho, and Y. Liu, “Pulsed photothermal interferometry for spectroscopic gas detection with hollow-core optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 39410 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matsas, V.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, and M. W. Phillips, “Selfstarting, passively modelocked erbium fibre ring laser based on the amplifying Sagnac switch,” Electron. Lett. 27(6), 542–544 (1991).
[Crossref]

Mei, L.

Meng, Y.

Ming, H.

Nikodem, M.

G. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. Nikodem, “10GHz passive harmonic modelocking in Er–Yb double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4203–4206 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ning, Q. Y.

Oktem, B.

Ouyang, D.

Özgören, K.

Payne, D. N.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, and M. W. Phillips, “Selfstarting, passively modelocked erbium fibre ring laser based on the amplifying Sagnac switch,” Electron. Lett. 27(6), 542–544 (1991).
[Crossref]

Phillips, M. W.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, and M. W. Phillips, “Selfstarting, passively modelocked erbium fibre ring laser based on the amplifying Sagnac switch,” Electron. Lett. 27(6), 542–544 (1991).
[Crossref]

Ren, J.

Ren, X.

Renninger, W. H.

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, and M. W. Phillips, “Selfstarting, passively modelocked erbium fibre ring laser based on the amplifying Sagnac switch,” Electron. Lett. 27(6), 542–544 (1991).
[Crossref]

Ruan, S.

Salhi, M.

Sanchez, F.

Semaan, G.

Shen, D.

D. Li, L. Li, J. Zhou, L. Zhao, D. Tang, and D. Shen, “Characterization and compression of dissipative-soliton-resonance pulses in fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23631 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, H.

Sobon, G.

K. Krzempek, G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Fully-integrated dual-wavelength all-fiber source for mode-locked square-shaped mid-IR pulse generation via DFG in PPLN,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32080–32086 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. Nikodem, “10GHz passive harmonic modelocking in Er–Yb double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4203–4206 (2011).
[Crossref]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sotor, J.

Sun, B.

Tang, D.

D. Li, L. Li, J. Zhou, L. Zhao, D. Tang, and D. Shen, “Characterization and compression of dissipative-soliton-resonance pulses in fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23631 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, D. Y.

Wang, A.

Wang, C.

Y. Lin, W. Jin, F. Yang, J. Ma, C. Wang, H. L. Ho, and Y. Liu, “Pulsed photothermal interferometry for spectroscopic gas detection with hollow-core optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 39410 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, P.

Wang, S. K.

Wen, F.

Wise, F. W.

Wu, X.

Xie, W.

Xu, L.

Xu, W. Ch.

Yang, F.

Y. Lin, W. Jin, F. Yang, J. Ma, C. Wang, H. L. Ho, and Y. Liu, “Pulsed photothermal interferometry for spectroscopic gas detection with hollow-core optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 39410 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Q. H.

Yang, Z.

Yilmaz, S.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, S.

Zhang, X.

Zhao, J.

Zhao, L.

D. Li, L. Li, J. Zhou, L. Zhao, D. Tang, and D. Shen, “Characterization and compression of dissipative-soliton-resonance pulses in fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23631 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Han, M. Han, H. Zhang, L. Zhao, F. Wen, and Z. Yang, “Different polarization dynamic states in a vector Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10747–10755 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, N.

Zheng, X. W.

Zheng, Z.

Zhou, J.

D. Li, L. Li, J. Zhou, L. Zhao, D. Tang, and D. Shen, “Characterization and compression of dissipative-soliton-resonance pulses in fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23631 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, and M. W. Phillips, “Selfstarting, passively modelocked erbium fibre ring laser based on the amplifying Sagnac switch,” Electron. Lett. 27(6), 542–544 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Krzempek and K. Abramski, “6.5 µJ pulses from a compact dissipative soliton resonance mode-locked erbium–ytterbium double clad laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(1), 015101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. Nikodem, “10GHz passive harmonic modelocking in Er–Yb double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4203–4206 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (13)

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and L. M. Zhao, “Dissipative soliton resonance in an all-normal-dispersion erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5580–5584 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, “Coexistence of strong and weak pulses in a fiber laser with largely anomalous dispersion,” Opt. Express 19(7), 5874–5887 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Cheng, H. Li, H. Shi, J. Ren, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Dissipative soliton resonance and reverse saturable absorption in graphene oxide mode-locked all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7000–7006 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Semaan, F. Ben Braham, M. Salhi, Y. Meng, F. Bahloul, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of high energy square-wave pulses in all anomalous dispersion Er:Yb passive mode locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8399–8404 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhao, D. Ouyang, Z. Zheng, M. Liu, X. Ren, C. Li, S. Ruan, and W. Xie, “100 W dissipative soliton resonances from a thulium-doped double-clad all-fiber-format MOPA system,” Opt. Express 24(11), 12072–12081 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Han, M. Han, H. Zhang, L. Zhao, F. Wen, and Z. Yang, “Different polarization dynamic states in a vector Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10747–10755 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Özgören, B. Oktem, S. Yilmaz, F. Ö. Ilday, and K. Eken, “83 W, 3.1 MHz, square-shaped, 1 ns-pulsed all-fiber-integrated laser for micromachining,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17647–17652 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Krzempek, “Dissipative soliton resonances in all-fiber Er-Yb double clad figure-8 laser,” Opt. Express 23(24), 30651–30656 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Wang, Q. Y. Ning, A. P. Luo, Z. B. Lin, Z. C. Luo, and W. Ch. Xu, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(2), 2402–2407 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Krzempek, G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Fully-integrated dual-wavelength all-fiber source for mode-locked square-shaped mid-IR pulse generation via DFG in PPLN,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32080–32086 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Zhao, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, Q. Y. Ning, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. Ch. Xu, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse Yb-doped fiber laser using a microfiber-based graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(9), 10906–10913 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Krzempek and K. Abramski, “Dissipative soliton resonance mode-locked double clad Er:Yb laser at different values of anomalous dispersion,” Opt. Express 24(20), 22379–22386 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Armas-Rivera, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Carrascosa, E. A. Kuzin, G. Beltrán-Pérez, A. Díez, and M. V. Andrés, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a full polarization-maintaining fiber ring laser at different values of dispersion,” Opt. Express 24(9), 9966–9974 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (8)

M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. Hofer, and H. Hochreiter, “Nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 15(13), 752–754 (1990).
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Supplementary Material (2)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       Self-start test
» Visualization 2       Vibration test

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the all-PM fiber, figure-8, DSR mode-locked laser. MS – mode striper, PM Er:Yb DC – 2.5 m of PM-type erbium-ytterbium co-doped double clad fiber, COMB – pump-beam combiner, 3dB – 3 dB fiber coupler, CIR – circulator,PM1550 – additional spool of singlemode PM fiber.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Average output power (squares) and pulse energy (dots) registered for two laser configurations (44.4m and 205.4m total cavity length) in function of pump power delivered to the active fiber. Solid lines represent linear fit. The insets in both Figs. present 50 ps autocorrelation measurements, showing no signs of a fine-pulse-structure hidden under the giant-pulse envelope.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Beatnote registered with an RF analyzer for fundamental repetition frequency of each configuration, at maximum pump power. Insets show the beatnote for wider spans and a zoom-in on the envelope modulation, intrinsic to DSR mode-locking, which is directly connected to the pulse duration.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Pulse shapes registered for both laser configurations in function of increasing pump power. The inset show pulses registered for acquisition times of 10 µs and 40 µs.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Pulse duration and peak power plotted in function of input pump power, for both laser configurations
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Optical spectrum registered for both laser configurations in function of increasing pump powers (0.8 - 4.4 W). The insets show optical spectra, plotted in linear scale, gathered for maximum pump power conditions.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Polarization (azimuth and ellipticity) and output power stability measured for 30 minutes at maximum pump power (0.994 MHz configuration) while exposing the laser to forces of ~7 G – graph b), inset shows measurement taken with a G-sensor. 1 minute close-up of the durability measurement – a). Self-starting of the DSR mode-locking presented for 6 consequent ON-OFF cycles (while being exposed to ~7G) – c). With pump switched off, the polarimeter registered random values (black and red noise between ON-cycles). Video showing the experiment provided in supplementary files (Visualization 1 and Visualization 2).

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