Abstract

We investigated molecular alignment wakes of femtosecond laser pulses. Evolution of nonadiabatic molecular alignment in nitrogen gas has been measured via its nonlinear interaction effects with a variably delayed probe pulse. The induced rotational wave packet was mapped as a function of the angular difference between polarization directions of femtosecond pump and probe pulses as well as their relative delay and the plot of the variations of the rotational wave packet, i.e. “quantum carpet”, was found to be in good agreement with the calculated angular and temporal dependencies of molecular alignment parameter.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  43. S. Yuan, M. Li, Y. Feng, H. Li, L. Zheng, S. L. Chin, and H. Zeng, “Filament-induced ultrafast birefringence in gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094018 (2015).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  45. C. Brée, J. Bethge, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Cascaded self-compression of femtosecond pulses in filaments,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093046 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  46. J. Wu, H. Cai, H. Zeng, and A. Couairon, “Femtosecond filamentation and pulse compression in the wake of molecular alignment,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2593–2595 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  47. H. Cai, J. Wu, X. Bai, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Molecular-alignment-assisted high-energy supercontinuum pulse generation in air,” Opt. Lett. 35(1), 49–51 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  48. J. Wu, H. Cai, Y. Peng, and H. Zeng, “Controllable supercontinuum generation by the quantum wake of molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. A 79(4), 041404 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  49. S. Fleischer, I. S. Averbukh, and Y. Prior, “Isotope-selective laser molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. A 74(4), 041403 (2006).
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    [Crossref]
  52. F. H. M. Faisal, A. Abdurrouf, K. Miyazaki, and G. Miyaji, “Origin of Anomalous Spectra of Dynamic Alignments Observed in N2 and O2.,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(14), 143001 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  53. K. Miyazaki, M. Kaku, G. Miyaji, A. Abdurrouf, and F. H. M. Faisal, “Field-Free Alignment of Molecules Observed with High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(24), 243903 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  54. A. Abdurrouf and F. H. M. Faisal, “Theory of intense-field dynamic alignment and high-order harmonic generation from coherently rotating molecules and interpretation of intense-field ultrafast pump-probe experiments,” Phys. Rev. A 79(2), 023405 (2009).
    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

S. Yuan, M. Li, Y. Feng, H. Li, L. Zheng, S. L. Chin, and H. Zeng, “Filament-induced ultrafast birefringence in gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094018 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

A. Veltheim, B. Borchers, G. Steinmeyer, and H. Rottke, “Imaging the impulsive alignment of noble-gas dimers via Coulomb explosion,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023432 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Houzet, F. Billard, E. Hertz, D. Chateau, F. Chaussard, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Field-free molecular alignment detection by 4f coherent imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 897–902 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

Y. Feng, H. Pan, J. Liu, C. Chen, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Direct measurement of field-free molecular alignment by spatial (de)focusing effects,” Opt. Express 19(4), 2852–2857 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Steingrube, E. Schulz, T. Binhammer, M. B. Gaarde, A. Couairon, U. Morgner, and M. Kovačev, “High-order harmonic generation directly from a filament,” New J. Phys. 13(4), 043022 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Z. Hoque, M. Lapert, E. Hertz, F. Billard, D. Sugny, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Observation of laser-induced field-free permanent planar alignment of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 013409 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J. G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I. C. E. Turcu, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and J. P. Marangos, “Revealing molecular structure and dynamics through high-order harmonic generation driven by mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 051802 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Cai, J. Wu, X. Bai, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Molecular-alignment-assisted high-energy supercontinuum pulse generation in air,” Opt. Lett. 35(1), 49–51 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Brée, J. Bethge, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Cascaded self-compression of femtosecond pulses in filaments,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093046 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (6)

A. Abdurrouf and F. H. M. Faisal, “Theory of intense-field dynamic alignment and high-order harmonic generation from coherently rotating molecules and interpretation of intense-field ultrafast pump-probe experiments,” Phys. Rev. A 79(2), 023405 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, H. Cai, Y. Peng, and H. Zeng, “Controllable supercontinuum generation by the quantum wake of molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. A 79(4), 041404 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, H. Cai, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, A. Couairon, and H. Zeng, “Control of femtosecond filamentation by field-free revivals of molecular alignment,” Laser Phys. 19(8), 1759–1768 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Leibscher and B. Schmidt, “Quantum dynamics of a plane pendulum,” Phys. Rev. A 80(1), 012510 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Quantum molecular lensing of femtosecond laser optical/plasma filamentsa),” Phys. Plasmas 16, 056702 (2009).

2008 (7)

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Chen, S. Varma, and H. M. Milchberg, “Space- and time-resolved measurement of rotational wave packet revivals of linear gas molecules using single-shot supercontinuum spectral interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B122–B132 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Trapping and Destruction of Long-Range High-Intensity Optical Filaments by Molecular Quantum Wakes in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(20), 205001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. H. M. Faisal and A. Abdurrouf, “Interplay of Polarization Geometry and Rotational Dynamics in High-Order Harmonic Generation from Coherently Rotating Linear Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123005 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, H. Cai, H. Zeng, and A. Couairon, “Femtosecond filamentation and pulse compression in the wake of molecular alignment,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2593–2595 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (5)

F. H. M. Faisal, A. Abdurrouf, K. Miyazaki, and G. Miyaji, “Origin of Anomalous Spectra of Dynamic Alignments Observed in N2 and O2.,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(14), 143001 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Chen, S. Varma, A. York, and H. M. Milchberg, “Single-shot, space- and time-resolved measurement of rotational wavepacket revivals in H2, D2, N2, O2, and N2O,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11341–11357 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. A. Bryan, E. M. L. English, J. McKenna, J. Wood, C. R. Calvert, I. C. E. Turcu, R. Torres, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Mapping the evolution of optically generated rotational wave packets in a room-temperature ensemble of D2,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 023414 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical Forward THz Emission from Femtosecond-Laser-Beam Filamentation in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 235002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

G. H. Lee, H. T. Kim, J. Y. Park, C. H. Nam, T. K. Kim, J. H. Lee, and H. Ihee, “Revival Structures of Linear Molecules in a Field-Free Alignment Condition as Probed by High-Order Harmonic Generation,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 337–341 (2006).

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5), 056604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Fleischer, I. S. Averbukh, and Y. Prior, “Isotope-selective laser molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. A 74(4), 041403 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

K. Miyazaki, M. Kaku, G. Miyaji, A. Abdurrouf, and F. H. M. Faisal, “Field-Free Alignment of Molecules Observed with High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(24), 243903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling Two-Center Interference in Molecular High Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 036607 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. W. Robinett, “Quantum wave packet revivals,” Phys. Rep. 392(1-2), 1–119 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (3)

H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, “Colloquium: Aligning molecules with strong laser pulses,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75(2), 543–557 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. W. Dooley, I. V. Litvinyuk, K. F. Lee, D. M. Rayner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Direct imaging of rotational wave-packet dynamics of diatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023406 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(1), 013903 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

C. M. Dion, A. Keller, O. Atabek, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Laser-induced alignment dynamics of HCN: Roles of the permanent dipole moment and the polarizability,” Phys. Rev. A 59(2), 1382–1391 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Ortigoso, M. Rodríguez, M. Gupta, and B. Friedrich, “Time evolution of pendular states created by the interaction of molecular polarizability with a pulsed nonresonant laser field,” J. Chem. Phys. 110(8), 3870–3875 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

T. Seideman, “Rotational excitation and molecular alignment in intense laser fields,” J. Chem. Phys. 103(18), 7887–7896 (1995).
[Crossref]

B. Friedrich and D. Herschbach, “Alignment and Trapping of Molecules in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(23), 4623–4626 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

I. S. Averbukh and N. F. Perelman, “Fractional revivals: Universality in the long-term evolution of quantum wave packets beyond the correspondence principle dynamics,” Phys. Lett. A 139(9), 449–453 (1989).
[Crossref]

Abdurrouf, A.

A. Abdurrouf and F. H. M. Faisal, “Theory of intense-field dynamic alignment and high-order harmonic generation from coherently rotating molecules and interpretation of intense-field ultrafast pump-probe experiments,” Phys. Rev. A 79(2), 023405 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. H. M. Faisal and A. Abdurrouf, “Interplay of Polarization Geometry and Rotational Dynamics in High-Order Harmonic Generation from Coherently Rotating Linear Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123005 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. H. M. Faisal, A. Abdurrouf, K. Miyazaki, and G. Miyaji, “Origin of Anomalous Spectra of Dynamic Alignments Observed in N2 and O2.,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(14), 143001 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Miyazaki, M. Kaku, G. Miyaji, A. Abdurrouf, and F. H. M. Faisal, “Field-Free Alignment of Molecules Observed with High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(24), 243903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Altucci, C.

R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J. G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I. C. E. Turcu, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and J. P. Marangos, “Revealing molecular structure and dynamics through high-order harmonic generation driven by mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 051802 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling Two-Center Interference in Molecular High Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

André, Y.-B.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Antonsen, T.

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
[Crossref]

Aquila, A. L.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atabek, O.

C. M. Dion, A. Keller, O. Atabek, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Laser-induced alignment dynamics of HCN: Roles of the permanent dipole moment and the polarizability,” Phys. Rev. A 59(2), 1382–1391 (1999).
[Crossref]

Attwood, D. T.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Averbukh, I. S.

S. Fleischer, I. S. Averbukh, and Y. Prior, “Isotope-selective laser molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. A 74(4), 041403 (2006).
[Crossref]

I. S. Averbukh and N. F. Perelman, “Fractional revivals: Universality in the long-term evolution of quantum wave packets beyond the correspondence principle dynamics,” Phys. Lett. A 139(9), 449–453 (1989).
[Crossref]

Baertschy, M.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(1), 013903 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, X.

Bandrauk, A. D.

C. M. Dion, A. Keller, O. Atabek, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Laser-induced alignment dynamics of HCN: Roles of the permanent dipole moment and the polarizability,” Phys. Rev. A 59(2), 1382–1391 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bartels, R. A.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(1), 013903 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baudelet, M.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
[Crossref]

Benedetti, E.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling Two-Center Interference in Molecular High Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bergé, L.

C. Brée, J. Bethge, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Cascaded self-compression of femtosecond pulses in filaments,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093046 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5), 056604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bethge, J.

C. Brée, J. Bethge, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Cascaded self-compression of femtosecond pulses in filaments,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093046 (2010).
[Crossref]

Biegert, J.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[Crossref]

Billard, F.

J. Houzet, F. Billard, E. Hertz, D. Chateau, F. Chaussard, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Field-free molecular alignment detection by 4f coherent imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 897–902 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Z. Hoque, M. Lapert, E. Hertz, F. Billard, D. Sugny, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Observation of laser-induced field-free permanent planar alignment of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 013409 (2011).
[Crossref]

Binhammer, T.

D. S. Steingrube, E. Schulz, T. Binhammer, M. B. Gaarde, A. Couairon, U. Morgner, and M. Kovačev, “High-order harmonic generation directly from a filament,” New J. Phys. 13(4), 043022 (2011).
[Crossref]

Borchers, B.

A. Veltheim, B. Borchers, G. Steinmeyer, and H. Rottke, “Imaging the impulsive alignment of noble-gas dimers via Coulomb explosion,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023432 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bourayou, R.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 036607 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brée, C.

C. Brée, J. Bethge, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Cascaded self-compression of femtosecond pulses in filaments,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093046 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brugnera, L.

R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J. G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I. C. E. Turcu, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and J. P. Marangos, “Revealing molecular structure and dynamics through high-order harmonic generation driven by mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 051802 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bryan, W. A.

W. A. Bryan, E. M. L. English, J. McKenna, J. Wood, C. R. Calvert, I. C. E. Turcu, R. Torres, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Mapping the evolution of optically generated rotational wave packets in a room-temperature ensemble of D2,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 023414 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cai, H.

H. Cai, J. Wu, X. Bai, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Molecular-alignment-assisted high-energy supercontinuum pulse generation in air,” Opt. Lett. 35(1), 49–51 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wu, H. Cai, Y. Peng, and H. Zeng, “Controllable supercontinuum generation by the quantum wake of molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. A 79(4), 041404 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, H. Cai, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, A. Couairon, and H. Zeng, “Control of femtosecond filamentation by field-free revivals of molecular alignment,” Laser Phys. 19(8), 1759–1768 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, H. Cai, H. Zeng, and A. Couairon, “Femtosecond filamentation and pulse compression in the wake of molecular alignment,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2593–2595 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Calegari, F.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling Two-Center Interference in Molecular High Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Calvert, C. R.

W. A. Bryan, E. M. L. English, J. McKenna, J. Wood, C. R. Calvert, I. C. E. Turcu, R. Torres, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Mapping the evolution of optically generated rotational wave packets in a room-temperature ensemble of D2,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 023414 (2007).
[Crossref]

Caumes, J. P.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling Two-Center Interference in Molecular High Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chateau, D.

J. Houzet, F. Billard, E. Hertz, D. Chateau, F. Chaussard, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Field-free molecular alignment detection by 4f coherent imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 897–902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chaussard, F.

J. Houzet, F. Billard, E. Hertz, D. Chateau, F. Chaussard, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Field-free molecular alignment detection by 4f coherent imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 897–902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.

Chen, Y. H.

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Trapping and Destruction of Long-Range High-Intensity Optical Filaments by Molecular Quantum Wakes in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(20), 205001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Chen, S. Varma, and H. M. Milchberg, “Space- and time-resolved measurement of rotational wave packet revivals of linear gas molecules using single-shot supercontinuum spectral interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B122–B132 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Chen, S. Varma, A. York, and H. M. Milchberg, “Single-shot, space- and time-resolved measurement of rotational wavepacket revivals in H2, D2, N2, O2, and N2O,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11341–11357 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.-H.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Quantum molecular lensing of femtosecond laser optical/plasma filamentsa),” Phys. Plasmas 16, 056702 (2009).

Chin, S. L.

S. Yuan, M. Li, Y. Feng, H. Li, L. Zheng, S. L. Chin, and H. Zeng, “Filament-induced ultrafast birefringence in gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094018 (2015).
[Crossref]

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
[Crossref]

Collier, J. L.

W. A. Bryan, E. M. L. English, J. McKenna, J. Wood, C. R. Calvert, I. C. E. Turcu, R. Torres, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Mapping the evolution of optically generated rotational wave packets in a room-temperature ensemble of D2,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 023414 (2007).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

P. W. Dooley, I. V. Litvinyuk, K. F. Lee, D. M. Rayner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Direct imaging of rotational wave-packet dynamics of diatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023406 (2003).
[Crossref]

Couairon, A.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. S. Steingrube, E. Schulz, T. Binhammer, M. B. Gaarde, A. Couairon, U. Morgner, and M. Kovačev, “High-order harmonic generation directly from a filament,” New J. Phys. 13(4), 043022 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, H. Cai, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, A. Couairon, and H. Zeng, “Control of femtosecond filamentation by field-free revivals of molecular alignment,” Laser Phys. 19(8), 1759–1768 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, H. Cai, H. Zeng, and A. Couairon, “Femtosecond filamentation and pulse compression in the wake of molecular alignment,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2593–2595 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical Forward THz Emission from Femtosecond-Laser-Beam Filamentation in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 235002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[Crossref]

D’Amico, C.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical Forward THz Emission from Femtosecond-Laser-Beam Filamentation in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 235002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Demircan, A.

C. Brée, J. Bethge, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Cascaded self-compression of femtosecond pulses in filaments,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093046 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dion, C. M.

C. M. Dion, A. Keller, O. Atabek, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Laser-induced alignment dynamics of HCN: Roles of the permanent dipole moment and the polarizability,” Phys. Rev. A 59(2), 1382–1391 (1999).
[Crossref]

Dooley, P. W.

P. W. Dooley, I. V. Litvinyuk, K. F. Lee, D. M. Rayner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Direct imaging of rotational wave-packet dynamics of diatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023406 (2003).
[Crossref]

Durand, M.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
[Crossref]

Eislöffel, J.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 036607 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

English, E. M. L.

W. A. Bryan, E. M. L. English, J. McKenna, J. Wood, C. R. Calvert, I. C. E. Turcu, R. Torres, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Mapping the evolution of optically generated rotational wave packets in a room-temperature ensemble of D2,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 023414 (2007).
[Crossref]

Faisal, F. H. M.

A. Abdurrouf and F. H. M. Faisal, “Theory of intense-field dynamic alignment and high-order harmonic generation from coherently rotating molecules and interpretation of intense-field ultrafast pump-probe experiments,” Phys. Rev. A 79(2), 023405 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. H. M. Faisal and A. Abdurrouf, “Interplay of Polarization Geometry and Rotational Dynamics in High-Order Harmonic Generation from Coherently Rotating Linear Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123005 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. H. M. Faisal, A. Abdurrouf, K. Miyazaki, and G. Miyaji, “Origin of Anomalous Spectra of Dynamic Alignments Observed in N2 and O2.,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(14), 143001 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Miyazaki, M. Kaku, G. Miyaji, A. Abdurrouf, and F. H. M. Faisal, “Field-Free Alignment of Molecules Observed with High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(24), 243903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fallahkair, A. B.

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
[Crossref]

Faucher, O.

J. Houzet, F. Billard, E. Hertz, D. Chateau, F. Chaussard, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Field-free molecular alignment detection by 4f coherent imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 897–902 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Z. Hoque, M. Lapert, E. Hertz, F. Billard, D. Sugny, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Observation of laser-induced field-free permanent planar alignment of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 013409 (2011).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

S. Yuan, M. Li, Y. Feng, H. Li, L. Zheng, S. L. Chin, and H. Zeng, “Filament-induced ultrafast birefringence in gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094018 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Feng, H. Pan, J. Liu, C. Chen, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Direct measurement of field-free molecular alignment by spatial (de)focusing effects,” Opt. Express 19(4), 2852–2857 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fleischer, S.

S. Fleischer, I. S. Averbukh, and Y. Prior, “Isotope-selective laser molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. A 74(4), 041403 (2006).
[Crossref]

Franco, M.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical Forward THz Emission from Femtosecond-Laser-Beam Filamentation in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 235002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

Frey, S.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Friedrich, B.

J. Ortigoso, M. Rodríguez, M. Gupta, and B. Friedrich, “Time evolution of pendular states created by the interaction of molecular polarizability with a pulsed nonresonant laser field,” J. Chem. Phys. 110(8), 3870–3875 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. Friedrich and D. Herschbach, “Alignment and Trapping of Molecules in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(23), 4623–4626 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Froud, C.

R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J. G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I. C. E. Turcu, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and J. P. Marangos, “Revealing molecular structure and dynamics through high-order harmonic generation driven by mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 051802 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gaarde, M. B.

D. S. Steingrube, E. Schulz, T. Binhammer, M. B. Gaarde, A. Couairon, U. Morgner, and M. Kovačev, “High-order harmonic generation directly from a filament,” New J. Phys. 13(4), 043022 (2011).
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Gagnon, J.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
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Gasilov, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
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Goulielmakis, E.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
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Greene, C. H.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(1), 013903 (2001).
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Grillon, G.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
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Gullikson, E. M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
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J. Ortigoso, M. Rodríguez, M. Gupta, and B. Friedrich, “Time evolution of pendular states created by the interaction of molecular polarizability with a pulsed nonresonant laser field,” J. Chem. Phys. 110(8), 3870–3875 (1999).
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M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 036607 (2004).
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Hauri, C. P.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
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Heesel, E.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling Two-Center Interference in Molecular High Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
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Heinrich, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
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Helbing, F. W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
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B. Friedrich and D. Herschbach, “Alignment and Trapping of Molecules in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(23), 4623–4626 (1995).
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J. Houzet, F. Billard, E. Hertz, D. Chateau, F. Chaussard, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Field-free molecular alignment detection by 4f coherent imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 897–902 (2012).
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M. Z. Hoque, M. Lapert, E. Hertz, F. Billard, D. Sugny, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Observation of laser-induced field-free permanent planar alignment of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 013409 (2011).
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Hofstetter, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
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Hoque, M. Z.

M. Z. Hoque, M. Lapert, E. Hertz, F. Billard, D. Sugny, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Observation of laser-induced field-free permanent planar alignment of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 013409 (2011).
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Houard, A.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
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C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical Forward THz Emission from Femtosecond-Laser-Beam Filamentation in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 235002 (2007).
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Houzet, J.

J. Houzet, F. Billard, E. Hertz, D. Chateau, F. Chaussard, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Field-free molecular alignment detection by 4f coherent imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 897–902 (2012).
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Ihee, H.

G. H. Lee, H. T. Kim, J. Y. Park, C. H. Nam, T. K. Kim, J. H. Lee, and H. Ihee, “Revival Structures of Linear Molecules in a Field-Free Alignment Condition as Probed by High-Order Harmonic Generation,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 337–341 (2006).

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F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
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Ivanov, M. Y.

R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J. G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I. C. E. Turcu, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and J. P. Marangos, “Revealing molecular structure and dynamics through high-order harmonic generation driven by mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 051802 (2010).
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Jukna, V.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
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Kajumba, N.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling Two-Center Interference in Molecular High Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
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Kaku, M.

K. Miyazaki, M. Kaku, G. Miyaji, A. Abdurrouf, and F. H. M. Faisal, “Field-Free Alignment of Molecules Observed with High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(24), 243903 (2005).
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Kandidov, V. P.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(1), 013903 (2001).
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Kasparian, J.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 036607 (2004).
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J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
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Keller, A.

C. M. Dion, A. Keller, O. Atabek, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Laser-induced alignment dynamics of HCN: Roles of the permanent dipole moment and the polarizability,” Phys. Rev. A 59(2), 1382–1391 (1999).
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Keller, U.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
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Kim, H. T.

G. H. Lee, H. T. Kim, J. Y. Park, C. H. Nam, T. K. Kim, J. H. Lee, and H. Ihee, “Revival Structures of Linear Molecules in a Field-Free Alignment Condition as Probed by High-Order Harmonic Generation,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 337–341 (2006).

Kim, T. K.

G. H. Lee, H. T. Kim, J. Y. Park, C. H. Nam, T. K. Kim, J. H. Lee, and H. Ihee, “Revival Structures of Linear Molecules in a Field-Free Alignment Condition as Probed by High-Order Harmonic Generation,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 337–341 (2006).

Kleineberg, U.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kornelis, W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
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Kosareva, O. G.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
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Kovacev, M.

D. S. Steingrube, E. Schulz, T. Binhammer, M. B. Gaarde, A. Couairon, U. Morgner, and M. Kovačev, “High-order harmonic generation directly from a filament,” New J. Phys. 13(4), 043022 (2011).
[Crossref]

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kurilova, M. V.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
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Lange, R.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
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Lapert, M.

M. Z. Hoque, M. Lapert, E. Hertz, F. Billard, D. Sugny, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Observation of laser-induced field-free permanent planar alignment of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 013409 (2011).
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Laux, U.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 036607 (2004).
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Lavorel, B.

J. Houzet, F. Billard, E. Hertz, D. Chateau, F. Chaussard, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Field-free molecular alignment detection by 4f coherent imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 897–902 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Z. Hoque, M. Lapert, E. Hertz, F. Billard, D. Sugny, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Observation of laser-induced field-free permanent planar alignment of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 013409 (2011).
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S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5), 056604 (2006).
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Lee, G. H.

G. H. Lee, H. T. Kim, J. Y. Park, C. H. Nam, T. K. Kim, J. H. Lee, and H. Ihee, “Revival Structures of Linear Molecules in a Field-Free Alignment Condition as Probed by High-Order Harmonic Generation,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 337–341 (2006).

Lee, J. H.

G. H. Lee, H. T. Kim, J. Y. Park, C. H. Nam, T. K. Kim, J. H. Lee, and H. Ihee, “Revival Structures of Linear Molecules in a Field-Free Alignment Condition as Probed by High-Order Harmonic Generation,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 337–341 (2006).

Lee, K. F.

P. W. Dooley, I. V. Litvinyuk, K. F. Lee, D. M. Rayner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Direct imaging of rotational wave-packet dynamics of diatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023406 (2003).
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M. Leibscher and B. Schmidt, “Quantum dynamics of a plane pendulum,” Phys. Rev. A 80(1), 012510 (2009).
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S. Yuan, M. Li, Y. Feng, H. Li, L. Zheng, S. L. Chin, and H. Zeng, “Filament-induced ultrafast birefringence in gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094018 (2015).
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Li, M.

S. Yuan, M. Li, Y. Feng, H. Li, L. Zheng, S. L. Chin, and H. Zeng, “Filament-induced ultrafast birefringence in gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094018 (2015).
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Lim, K.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
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Litvinyuk, I. V.

P. W. Dooley, I. V. Litvinyuk, K. F. Lee, D. M. Rayner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Direct imaging of rotational wave-packet dynamics of diatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023406 (2003).
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Liu, J.

Marangos, J. P.

R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J. G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I. C. E. Turcu, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and J. P. Marangos, “Revealing molecular structure and dynamics through high-order harmonic generation driven by mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 051802 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling Two-Center Interference in Molecular High Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mazhorova, A. V.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
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McKee, E.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
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McKenna, J.

W. A. Bryan, E. M. L. English, J. McKenna, J. Wood, C. R. Calvert, I. C. E. Turcu, R. Torres, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Mapping the evolution of optically generated rotational wave packets in a room-temperature ensemble of D2,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 023414 (2007).
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M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 036607 (2004).
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J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
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Milchberg, H. M.

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
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S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Quantum molecular lensing of femtosecond laser optical/plasma filamentsa),” Phys. Plasmas 16, 056702 (2009).

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Trapping and Destruction of Long-Range High-Intensity Optical Filaments by Molecular Quantum Wakes in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(20), 205001 (2008).
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Y. H. Chen, S. Varma, and H. M. Milchberg, “Space- and time-resolved measurement of rotational wave packet revivals of linear gas molecules using single-shot supercontinuum spectral interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B122–B132 (2008).
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Y. H. Chen, S. Varma, A. York, and H. M. Milchberg, “Single-shot, space- and time-resolved measurement of rotational wavepacket revivals in H2, D2, N2, O2, and N2O,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11341–11357 (2007).
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Miyaji, G.

F. H. M. Faisal, A. Abdurrouf, K. Miyazaki, and G. Miyaji, “Origin of Anomalous Spectra of Dynamic Alignments Observed in N2 and O2.,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(14), 143001 (2007).
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K. Miyazaki, M. Kaku, G. Miyaji, A. Abdurrouf, and F. H. M. Faisal, “Field-Free Alignment of Molecules Observed with High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(24), 243903 (2005).
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Miyazaki, K.

F. H. M. Faisal, A. Abdurrouf, K. Miyazaki, and G. Miyaji, “Origin of Anomalous Spectra of Dynamic Alignments Observed in N2 and O2.,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(14), 143001 (2007).
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K. Miyazaki, M. Kaku, G. Miyaji, A. Abdurrouf, and F. H. M. Faisal, “Field-Free Alignment of Molecules Observed with High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(24), 243903 (2005).
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Morgner, U.

D. S. Steingrube, E. Schulz, T. Binhammer, M. B. Gaarde, A. Couairon, U. Morgner, and M. Kovačev, “High-order harmonic generation directly from a filament,” New J. Phys. 13(4), 043022 (2011).
[Crossref]

Murnane, M. M.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(1), 013903 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical Forward THz Emission from Femtosecond-Laser-Beam Filamentation in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 235002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
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Nam, C. H.

G. H. Lee, H. T. Kim, J. Y. Park, C. H. Nam, T. K. Kim, J. H. Lee, and H. Ihee, “Revival Structures of Linear Molecules in a Field-Free Alignment Condition as Probed by High-Order Harmonic Generation,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 337–341 (2006).

Newell, W. R.

W. A. Bryan, E. M. L. English, J. McKenna, J. Wood, C. R. Calvert, I. C. E. Turcu, R. Torres, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Mapping the evolution of optically generated rotational wave packets in a room-temperature ensemble of D2,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 023414 (2007).
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J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
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F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
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C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling Two-Center Interference in Molecular High Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
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J. Ortigoso, M. Rodríguez, M. Gupta, and B. Friedrich, “Time evolution of pendular states created by the interaction of molecular polarizability with a pulsed nonresonant laser field,” J. Chem. Phys. 110(8), 3870–3875 (1999).
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Palastro, J. P.

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
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Pan, H.

Panov, N. A.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
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Park, J. Y.

G. H. Lee, H. T. Kim, J. Y. Park, C. H. Nam, T. K. Kim, J. H. Lee, and H. Ihee, “Revival Structures of Linear Molecules in a Field-Free Alignment Condition as Probed by High-Order Harmonic Generation,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 337–341 (2006).

Patchkovskii, S.

R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J. G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I. C. E. Turcu, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and J. P. Marangos, “Revealing molecular structure and dynamics through high-order harmonic generation driven by mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 051802 (2010).
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Peng, Y.

J. Wu, H. Cai, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, A. Couairon, and H. Zeng, “Control of femtosecond filamentation by field-free revivals of molecular alignment,” Laser Phys. 19(8), 1759–1768 (2009).
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J. Wu, H. Cai, Y. Peng, and H. Zeng, “Controllable supercontinuum generation by the quantum wake of molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. A 79(4), 041404 (2009).
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I. S. Averbukh and N. F. Perelman, “Fractional revivals: Universality in the long-term evolution of quantum wave packets beyond the correspondence principle dynamics,” Phys. Lett. A 139(9), 449–453 (1989).
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Prade, B.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical Forward THz Emission from Femtosecond-Laser-Beam Filamentation in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 235002 (2007).
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J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
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Prior, Y.

S. Fleischer, I. S. Averbukh, and Y. Prior, “Isotope-selective laser molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. A 74(4), 041403 (2006).
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Procino, I.

R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J. G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I. C. E. Turcu, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and J. P. Marangos, “Revealing molecular structure and dynamics through high-order harmonic generation driven by mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 051802 (2010).
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Rayner, D. M.

P. W. Dooley, I. V. Litvinyuk, K. F. Lee, D. M. Rayner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Direct imaging of rotational wave-packet dynamics of diatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023406 (2003).
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Richardson, M.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
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J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
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M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 036607 (2004).
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J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodríguez, M.

J. Ortigoso, M. Rodríguez, M. Gupta, and B. Friedrich, “Time evolution of pendular states created by the interaction of molecular polarizability with a pulsed nonresonant laser field,” J. Chem. Phys. 110(8), 3870–3875 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rosenthal, E. W.

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rottke, H.

A. Veltheim, B. Borchers, G. Steinmeyer, and H. Rottke, “Imaging the impulsive alignment of noble-gas dimers via Coulomb explosion,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023432 (2014).
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Salmon, E.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 036607 (2004).
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J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
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Sansone, G.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling Two-Center Interference in Molecular High Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
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Sauerbrey, R.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 036607 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
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Savel’ev, A. B.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
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S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5), 056604 (2006).
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Scholz, A.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 036607 (2004).
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E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
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Schulz, E.

D. S. Steingrube, E. Schulz, T. Binhammer, M. B. Gaarde, A. Couairon, U. Morgner, and M. Kovačev, “High-order harmonic generation directly from a filament,” New J. Phys. 13(4), 043022 (2011).
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H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, “Colloquium: Aligning molecules with strong laser pulses,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75(2), 543–557 (2003).
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T. Seideman, “Rotational excitation and molecular alignment in intense laser fields,” J. Chem. Phys. 103(18), 7887–7896 (1995).
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R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J. G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I. C. E. Turcu, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and J. P. Marangos, “Revealing molecular structure and dynamics through high-order harmonic generation driven by mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 051802 (2010).
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Skupin, S.

C. Brée, J. Bethge, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Cascaded self-compression of femtosecond pulses in filaments,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093046 (2010).
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S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5), 056604 (2006).
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Smirnova, O.

R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J. G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I. C. E. Turcu, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and J. P. Marangos, “Revealing molecular structure and dynamics through high-order harmonic generation driven by mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 051802 (2010).
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Sokollik, T.

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5), 056604 (2006).
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Spanner, M.

P. W. Dooley, I. V. Litvinyuk, K. F. Lee, D. M. Rayner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Direct imaging of rotational wave-packet dynamics of diatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023406 (2003).
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Springate, E.

R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J. G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I. C. E. Turcu, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and J. P. Marangos, “Revealing molecular structure and dynamics through high-order harmonic generation driven by mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 051802 (2010).
[Crossref]

Stagira, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling Two-Center Interference in Molecular High Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stapelfeldt, H.

H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, “Colloquium: Aligning molecules with strong laser pulses,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75(2), 543–557 (2003).
[Crossref]

Stecklum, B.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 036607 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steingrube, D. S.

D. S. Steingrube, E. Schulz, T. Binhammer, M. B. Gaarde, A. Couairon, U. Morgner, and M. Kovačev, “High-order harmonic generation directly from a filament,” New J. Phys. 13(4), 043022 (2011).
[Crossref]

Steinmeyer, G.

A. Veltheim, B. Borchers, G. Steinmeyer, and H. Rottke, “Imaging the impulsive alignment of noble-gas dimers via Coulomb explosion,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023432 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Brée, J. Bethge, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Cascaded self-compression of femtosecond pulses in filaments,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093046 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5), 056604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stibenz, G.

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5), 056604 (2006).
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Sugny, D.

M. Z. Hoque, M. Lapert, E. Hertz, F. Billard, D. Sugny, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Observation of laser-induced field-free permanent planar alignment of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 013409 (2011).
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Tikhonchuk, V. T.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical Forward THz Emission from Femtosecond-Laser-Beam Filamentation in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 235002 (2007).
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Tong, Y.

J. Wu, H. Cai, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, A. Couairon, and H. Zeng, “Control of femtosecond filamentation by field-free revivals of molecular alignment,” Laser Phys. 19(8), 1759–1768 (2009).
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Torres, R.

R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J. G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I. C. E. Turcu, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and J. P. Marangos, “Revealing molecular structure and dynamics through high-order harmonic generation driven by mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 051802 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. A. Bryan, E. M. L. English, J. McKenna, J. Wood, C. R. Calvert, I. C. E. Turcu, R. Torres, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Mapping the evolution of optically generated rotational wave packets in a room-temperature ensemble of D2,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 023414 (2007).
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C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling Two-Center Interference in Molecular High Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
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Turcu, I. C. E.

R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J. G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I. C. E. Turcu, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and J. P. Marangos, “Revealing molecular structure and dynamics through high-order harmonic generation driven by mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 051802 (2010).
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W. A. Bryan, E. M. L. English, J. McKenna, J. Wood, C. R. Calvert, I. C. E. Turcu, R. Torres, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Mapping the evolution of optically generated rotational wave packets in a room-temperature ensemble of D2,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 023414 (2007).
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Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Underwood, J. G.

R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J. G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I. C. E. Turcu, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and J. P. Marangos, “Revealing molecular structure and dynamics through high-order harmonic generation driven by mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 051802 (2010).
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Uryupina, D. S.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
[Crossref]

Varma, S.

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
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S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Quantum molecular lensing of femtosecond laser optical/plasma filamentsa),” Phys. Plasmas 16, 056702 (2009).

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Trapping and Destruction of Long-Range High-Intensity Optical Filaments by Molecular Quantum Wakes in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(20), 205001 (2008).
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Y. H. Chen, S. Varma, and H. M. Milchberg, “Space- and time-resolved measurement of rotational wave packet revivals of linear gas molecules using single-shot supercontinuum spectral interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B122–B132 (2008).
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Y. H. Chen, S. Varma, A. York, and H. M. Milchberg, “Single-shot, space- and time-resolved measurement of rotational wavepacket revivals in H2, D2, N2, O2, and N2O,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11341–11357 (2007).
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Velotta, R.

R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J. G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I. C. E. Turcu, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and J. P. Marangos, “Revealing molecular structure and dynamics through high-order harmonic generation driven by mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 051802 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling Two-Center Interference in Molecular High Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Veltheim, A.

A. Veltheim, B. Borchers, G. Steinmeyer, and H. Rottke, “Imaging the impulsive alignment of noble-gas dimers via Coulomb explosion,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023432 (2014).
[Crossref]

Villeneuve, D. M.

P. W. Dooley, I. V. Litvinyuk, K. F. Lee, D. M. Rayner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Direct imaging of rotational wave-packet dynamics of diatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023406 (2003).
[Crossref]

Volkov, R. V.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vozzi, C.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling Two-Center Interference in Molecular High Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
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Wagner, N.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(1), 013903 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weinacht, T. C.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(1), 013903 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wille, H.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Williams, I. D.

W. A. Bryan, E. M. L. English, J. McKenna, J. Wood, C. R. Calvert, I. C. E. Turcu, R. Torres, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Mapping the evolution of optically generated rotational wave packets in a room-temperature ensemble of D2,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 023414 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wolf, J.-P.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 036607 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
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Wood, J.

W. A. Bryan, E. M. L. English, J. McKenna, J. Wood, C. R. Calvert, I. C. E. Turcu, R. Torres, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Mapping the evolution of optically generated rotational wave packets in a room-temperature ensemble of D2,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 023414 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wöste, L.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 036607 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, J.

Yakovlev, V. S.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
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York, A.

Yu, J.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 036607 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, S.

S. Yuan, M. Li, Y. Feng, H. Li, L. Zheng, S. L. Chin, and H. Zeng, “Filament-induced ultrafast birefringence in gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094018 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zeng, H.

S. Yuan, M. Li, Y. Feng, H. Li, L. Zheng, S. L. Chin, and H. Zeng, “Filament-induced ultrafast birefringence in gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094018 (2015).
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Y. Feng, H. Pan, J. Liu, C. Chen, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Direct measurement of field-free molecular alignment by spatial (de)focusing effects,” Opt. Express 19(4), 2852–2857 (2011).
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J. Wu, H. Cai, Y. Peng, and H. Zeng, “Controllable supercontinuum generation by the quantum wake of molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. A 79(4), 041404 (2009).
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J. Wu, H. Cai, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, A. Couairon, and H. Zeng, “Control of femtosecond filamentation by field-free revivals of molecular alignment,” Laser Phys. 19(8), 1759–1768 (2009).
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J. Wu, H. Cai, H. Zeng, and A. Couairon, “Femtosecond filamentation and pulse compression in the wake of molecular alignment,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2593–2595 (2008).
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Zhavoronkov, N.

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5), 056604 (2006).
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Zheng, L.

S. Yuan, M. Li, Y. Feng, H. Li, L. Zheng, S. L. Chin, and H. Zeng, “Filament-induced ultrafast birefringence in gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094018 (2015).
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Appl. Phys. B (3)

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
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J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

S. Yuan, M. Li, Y. Feng, H. Li, L. Zheng, S. L. Chin, and H. Zeng, “Filament-induced ultrafast birefringence in gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094018 (2015).
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Laser Phys. (1)

J. Wu, H. Cai, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, A. Couairon, and H. Zeng, “Control of femtosecond filamentation by field-free revivals of molecular alignment,” Laser Phys. 19(8), 1759–1768 (2009).
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D. S. Steingrube, E. Schulz, T. Binhammer, M. B. Gaarde, A. Couairon, U. Morgner, and M. Kovačev, “High-order harmonic generation directly from a filament,” New J. Phys. 13(4), 043022 (2011).
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C. Brée, J. Bethge, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Cascaded self-compression of femtosecond pulses in filaments,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093046 (2010).
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Opt. Commun. (1)

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
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Opt. Express (2)

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Phys. Lett. A (1)

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Phys. Rep. (2)

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Phys. Rev. A (12)

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
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A. Veltheim, B. Borchers, G. Steinmeyer, and H. Rottke, “Imaging the impulsive alignment of noble-gas dimers via Coulomb explosion,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023432 (2014).
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M. Z. Hoque, M. Lapert, E. Hertz, F. Billard, D. Sugny, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Observation of laser-induced field-free permanent planar alignment of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 013409 (2011).
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Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (2)

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 036607 (2004).
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S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5), 056604 (2006).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (9)

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Trapping and Destruction of Long-Range High-Intensity Optical Filaments by Molecular Quantum Wakes in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(20), 205001 (2008).
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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The schematic of the experimental setup. BS: beam-splitters, TS: translational stage, WP: wave plate, P: polarizer, M: flat mirrors, FL: focusing lens, PM: power meter.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Temporal evolution of the experimentally measured probe pump power (red circles) compared to theoretically calculated nonlinear refractive index (solid black line) (b) measured spectrum of the transmitted probe beam modulated by alignment revivals, and (c) the experimentally measured pulse duration (red circles) with variations induced by molecular alignment for different relative delays between the pump and probe pulses.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Frequency spectrum of the time-dependent alignment signal shown in Fig. 2(a). The number on each spectral peak shows the frequency in terms of 4J + 6 corresponding to the allowed Raman transitions given by the series (6, 14, 22, 30, 38, 46, 54, …)Bc for even values of J, (10, 18, 26, 34, 42, 50, 58, …)Bc for odd values of J. The peaks near zero are an artifact.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Full revival of N2 for parallel, α = 0°, and perpendicular, α = 90° pump and probe polarizations. Red circles depict the measured probe beam power, and the black solid line shows the calculated nonlinear refractive index change. The data was normalized to the magnitude of the parallel polarization signal.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Experimental (top) and theoretical (bottom) quantum carpets of a rotational full revival around 8.3ps.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The experimental variations of Al - A0 (blue square), A2 - A0 (black circle), and Al - A2 (red triangle) as a function of the angle between the pump and probe field directions, α, around full revival for N2, where A1, A0, and A2 are determined as shown in the inset, and the solid line stands for the variation of Al -A2 which is calculated for the same conditions used in the experiment.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The polar plots show alignment signals at delay times within the full revival as functions of the relative angle between pump and probe polarizations. Molecules are maximally anti-aligned (blue, showing negative change of the signal) for 8.15 ps delay at α = 90 o, 270 o and aligned for 8.35 ps delay (red, showing positive change of the signal) at α = 0, 180°.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Experimental (top) and theoretical (bottom) quantum carpets of a rotational half revival around 4.1ps delay.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 The polar plots show alignment signals at delay times within the half revival as functions of the relative angle between pump and probe polarizations. Molecules are maximally aligned (red) at 4ps for α = 0, 180° and anti-aligned (blue) at 4.15ps for α = 90 o, 270°.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Experiment (top) and theory (bottom) quantum carpets of a rotational quarter revival around 2 ps delay.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 The polar plots show alignment signals within the first quarter revival. Molecules are aligned (red) at 1.8 ps and 2.2 ps for α = 0, 180° and anti-aligned (blue) at 2.0ps for α = 90 o, 270°.

Equations (9)

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i t Φ JM ( t )=( H R (0) + V L (t) ) Φ JM ( t ),
| Φ J 0 M 0 ( t ) = JM d JM J 0 M 0 ( t )exp( i E J t )| JM ,
cos 2 θ J 0 M 0 ( t )= Φ J 0 M 0 ( t ) | cos 2 θ| Φ J 0 M 0 ( t ) .
cos 2 θ ( t )= J 0 M 0 = J 0 J 0 g J 0 cos 2 θ J 0 M 0 ( t )exp( B J 0 ( J 0 +1 ) / kT ) J 0 M 0 = J 0 J 0 g J 0 exp( B J 0 ( J 0 +1 ) / kT ) ,
Δ n || ( r,t )= 2πN n 0 Δα( cos 2 θ ( r,t ) 1 3 ),
Δ n ( r,t )= 1 2 Δ n || ( r,t )= πN n 0 Δα( cos 2 θ ( r,t ) 1 3 ),
Δn( r,t )=Δ n || ( r,t )Δ n ( r,t )= 3πN n 0 Δα( cos 2 θ ( r,t ) 1 3 ),
Δn( r,t )=(6π) ( n 0 1 ) n 0 ( Δα α )( cos 2 θ ( r,t ) 1 3 ),
cos 2 θ ( t )= 1 2 ( 3 cos 2 α1 ) cos 2 θ ( t )+ 1 2 sin 2 α,

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