Abstract

In this paper, we propose a system design for a parallel3-dimensional optical interconnection network utilizing variable grating mode liquid crystal devices (VGM LCD's) which are optical transducers capable of performing intensity-to-spatial-frequency conversion. The proposed system performs real-time, reconfigurable, but blocking and nonbroadcasting 3-dimensional optical interconnections. The operating principles of the 3-D optical interconnection network are described, and some of the fundamental limitations are addressed. The system presented in this paper can be directly used as a configuration of switching elements for the 2-D optical perfect-shuffle dynamic interconnection network, as well as for a B-ISDN photonic switching system.

© 1997 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. Kai Hwang, F. A. Briggs, Computer Architecture and Paral-lel Processing, New York, McGraw-Hill, 1984
  2. M. J. Flynn, "Some Computer Organizations and Their Effectiveness," IEEE Trans. Computers, Vol. C21, No.9, pp. 948-960, September 1972
    [Crossref]
  3. T. Tamir, Guided Wave Optoelectronics, 2nd Edition (T. Tamir, Ed.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985
  4. Lars Thylen, "<TEX>$LiNb0_3$</TEX> and Semiconductor Guided Wave Optics in Switching and Interconnects," in Photonic Switching and Interconnects", 1st Edition (A. Marrakchi, Ed.), pp. 1-76, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, New York, 1994
  5. R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography, Academic Press, Orlando, Fl., 1971
  6. P. Gunter and J. P. Huignard (eds.), Photorefractive Ma-terials and Their Applications, I, II, Topics in Applied Physics, Springer-Verlag, Berlin and Heidelberg, 1988
  7. T. Y. Feng, "A Survey of Interconnection Networks," IEEE Computer, pp. 12-27, December 1981
    [Crossref]
  8. C. L. Wu, T. Y. Feng, "On a Class of Multistage In-terconnection Networks," IEEE Trans. Computers, Vol. C-29, pp. 694-702, August 1980
    [Crossref]
  9. J. W. Goodman, "Optical Interconnections for VLSI Sys-tems," Proc. IEEE, Vol. 72, pp. 850-866, July 1984
  10. B. K. Jenkins, A. A. Sawchuk, and T. C. Strand, "Architectures for a Sequential Optical Logic Processor,"Proc. of the 10th IOCC, pp. 6-12, April 1983
  11. A. A. Sawchuk, B. K. Jenkins, C. S. Raghavendra, and A. Varma, "Optical Interconnection Networks," Proc. Int. Conf. an Parallel Processing, St. Charles, Ill, pp. 20-23 1985
  12. A. Huang, "Architectural Considerations involved in the Design of an Optical Digital Computer," Proc. IEEE, Vol.72, pp 780-786, July 1984
  13. B. K. Jenkins, T. C. Strand, "Computer Generated Hol-ograms for Space-Variant Interconnections in Optical Log-ic Systems," Int. Conf. an Computer Generated Holography, ed. by S.H. Lee, Proc. SPIE 437, pp. 110, 1983
  14. A. Lohmann et al., "Optical Implementation of the Per-fect Shuffle," Optical Computing Conference, OSA, WA 3-1, March 18,1985
  15. H.S. Hinton, "A Nonblocking Optical Interconnection Network Using Directional Couplers," Proc. IEEE Global Telecommunication Conference, Atlanta Georgia, IEEE Catalog No. 84CH2064-4, pp. 885-889, November 1984
  16. Ho-In Jean and A. A. Sawchuk, "Optical Crossbar In-terconnections Using Variable Grating Mode Devices," Applied Optics, Vol. 26, No.2, pp. 261-269, January 15, 1987
    [Crossref]
  17. Joe Shamir and Kristina M. Johnson, "The Design of Three - Dimensional Optical Interconnection Networks Us-ing Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals," Proceedings of 14th Congress of the Internationa Commission for Optics, Proce-edings of the SPIE, Vol. 813, pp. 541-542, August 24-28, 1987
  18. Alexander A. Sawchuk, "3-D Optical Interconnection Net-works," Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Int-ernational Commission for Optics, Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 813, pp. 547-548, August 24-28,1987
  19. B. H. Soffer et. al., "Optical Computing with Variable Gratimg Mode Liquid Crystal Devices," Proc. SPIE, Vol. 232, 128, 1980
  20. B. H. Soffer, "Real-Time Implementation of Nonlinear Optical Processing Functions," Final Technical Report of Contract F49620-81-C-0086, Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, CA. (15 June 1981-15 June 1984)

1994 (1)

Lars Thylen, "<TEX>$LiNb0_3$</TEX> and Semiconductor Guided Wave Optics in Switching and Interconnects," in Photonic Switching and Interconnects", 1st Edition (A. Marrakchi, Ed.), pp. 1-76, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, New York, 1994

1988 (1)

P. Gunter and J. P. Huignard (eds.), Photorefractive Ma-terials and Their Applications, I, II, Topics in Applied Physics, Springer-Verlag, Berlin and Heidelberg, 1988

1987 (3)

Ho-In Jean and A. A. Sawchuk, "Optical Crossbar In-terconnections Using Variable Grating Mode Devices," Applied Optics, Vol. 26, No.2, pp. 261-269, January 15, 1987
[Crossref]

Joe Shamir and Kristina M. Johnson, "The Design of Three - Dimensional Optical Interconnection Networks Us-ing Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals," Proceedings of 14th Congress of the Internationa Commission for Optics, Proce-edings of the SPIE, Vol. 813, pp. 541-542, August 24-28, 1987

Alexander A. Sawchuk, "3-D Optical Interconnection Net-works," Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Int-ernational Commission for Optics, Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 813, pp. 547-548, August 24-28,1987

1985 (3)

A. A. Sawchuk, B. K. Jenkins, C. S. Raghavendra, and A. Varma, "Optical Interconnection Networks," Proc. Int. Conf. an Parallel Processing, St. Charles, Ill, pp. 20-23 1985

A. Lohmann et al., "Optical Implementation of the Per-fect Shuffle," Optical Computing Conference, OSA, WA 3-1, March 18,1985

T. Tamir, Guided Wave Optoelectronics, 2nd Edition (T. Tamir, Ed.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985

1984 (5)

B. H. Soffer, "Real-Time Implementation of Nonlinear Optical Processing Functions," Final Technical Report of Contract F49620-81-C-0086, Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, CA. (15 June 1981-15 June 1984)

H.S. Hinton, "A Nonblocking Optical Interconnection Network Using Directional Couplers," Proc. IEEE Global Telecommunication Conference, Atlanta Georgia, IEEE Catalog No. 84CH2064-4, pp. 885-889, November 1984

A. Huang, "Architectural Considerations involved in the Design of an Optical Digital Computer," Proc. IEEE, Vol.72, pp 780-786, July 1984

J. W. Goodman, "Optical Interconnections for VLSI Sys-tems," Proc. IEEE, Vol. 72, pp. 850-866, July 1984

Kai Hwang, F. A. Briggs, Computer Architecture and Paral-lel Processing, New York, McGraw-Hill, 1984

1983 (2)

B. K. Jenkins, A. A. Sawchuk, and T. C. Strand, "Architectures for a Sequential Optical Logic Processor,"Proc. of the 10th IOCC, pp. 6-12, April 1983

B. K. Jenkins, T. C. Strand, "Computer Generated Hol-ograms for Space-Variant Interconnections in Optical Log-ic Systems," Int. Conf. an Computer Generated Holography, ed. by S.H. Lee, Proc. SPIE 437, pp. 110, 1983

1981 (1)

T. Y. Feng, "A Survey of Interconnection Networks," IEEE Computer, pp. 12-27, December 1981
[Crossref]

1980 (2)

C. L. Wu, T. Y. Feng, "On a Class of Multistage In-terconnection Networks," IEEE Trans. Computers, Vol. C-29, pp. 694-702, August 1980
[Crossref]

B. H. Soffer et. al., "Optical Computing with Variable Gratimg Mode Liquid Crystal Devices," Proc. SPIE, Vol. 232, 128, 1980

1972 (1)

M. J. Flynn, "Some Computer Organizations and Their Effectiveness," IEEE Trans. Computers, Vol. C21, No.9, pp. 948-960, September 1972
[Crossref]

1971 (1)

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography, Academic Press, Orlando, Fl., 1971

Applied Optics (1)

Ho-In Jean and A. A. Sawchuk, "Optical Crossbar In-terconnections Using Variable Grating Mode Devices," Applied Optics, Vol. 26, No.2, pp. 261-269, January 15, 1987
[Crossref]

Computer (1)

T. Y. Feng, "A Survey of Interconnection Networks," IEEE Computer, pp. 12-27, December 1981
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Computers (1)

M. J. Flynn, "Some Computer Organizations and Their Effectiveness," IEEE Trans. Computers, Vol. C21, No.9, pp. 948-960, September 1972
[Crossref]

Int. Conf. on Computer Generated Holography, Proc. SPIE (1)

B. K. Jenkins, T. C. Strand, "Computer Generated Hol-ograms for Space-Variant Interconnections in Optical Log-ic Systems," Int. Conf. an Computer Generated Holography, ed. by S.H. Lee, Proc. SPIE 437, pp. 110, 1983

Optical Computing Conference (1)

A. Lohmann et al., "Optical Implementation of the Per-fect Shuffle," Optical Computing Conference, OSA, WA 3-1, March 18,1985

Proc. IEEE (2)

J. W. Goodman, "Optical Interconnections for VLSI Sys-tems," Proc. IEEE, Vol. 72, pp. 850-866, July 1984

A. Huang, "Architectural Considerations involved in the Design of an Optical Digital Computer," Proc. IEEE, Vol.72, pp 780-786, July 1984

Proc. IEEE Global Telecommunication Conference (1)

H.S. Hinton, "A Nonblocking Optical Interconnection Network Using Directional Couplers," Proc. IEEE Global Telecommunication Conference, Atlanta Georgia, IEEE Catalog No. 84CH2064-4, pp. 885-889, November 1984

Proc. Int. Conf. on Parallel Processing (1)

A. A. Sawchuk, B. K. Jenkins, C. S. Raghavendra, and A. Varma, "Optical Interconnection Networks," Proc. Int. Conf. an Parallel Processing, St. Charles, Ill, pp. 20-23 1985

Proc. of the 10th IOCC (1)

B. K. Jenkins, A. A. Sawchuk, and T. C. Strand, "Architectures for a Sequential Optical Logic Processor,"Proc. of the 10th IOCC, pp. 6-12, April 1983

Proc. SPIE (1)

B. H. Soffer et. al., "Optical Computing with Variable Gratimg Mode Liquid Crystal Devices," Proc. SPIE, Vol. 232, 128, 1980

Proceedings of 14th Congress of the Internationa Commission for Optics, Proceedings of the SPIE (1)

Joe Shamir and Kristina M. Johnson, "The Design of Three - Dimensional Optical Interconnection Networks Us-ing Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals," Proceedings of 14th Congress of the Internationa Commission for Optics, Proce-edings of the SPIE, Vol. 813, pp. 541-542, August 24-28, 1987

Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, Proceedings of the SPIE (1)

Alexander A. Sawchuk, "3-D Optical Interconnection Net-works," Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Int-ernational Commission for Optics, Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 813, pp. 547-548, August 24-28,1987

Transactions on Computers (1)

C. L. Wu, T. Y. Feng, "On a Class of Multistage In-terconnection Networks," IEEE Trans. Computers, Vol. C-29, pp. 694-702, August 1980
[Crossref]

Other (6)

T. Tamir, Guided Wave Optoelectronics, 2nd Edition (T. Tamir, Ed.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985

Lars Thylen, "<TEX>$LiNb0_3$</TEX> and Semiconductor Guided Wave Optics in Switching and Interconnects," in Photonic Switching and Interconnects", 1st Edition (A. Marrakchi, Ed.), pp. 1-76, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, New York, 1994

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography, Academic Press, Orlando, Fl., 1971

P. Gunter and J. P. Huignard (eds.), Photorefractive Ma-terials and Their Applications, I, II, Topics in Applied Physics, Springer-Verlag, Berlin and Heidelberg, 1988

B. H. Soffer, "Real-Time Implementation of Nonlinear Optical Processing Functions," Final Technical Report of Contract F49620-81-C-0086, Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, CA. (15 June 1981-15 June 1984)

Kai Hwang, F. A. Briggs, Computer Architecture and Paral-lel Processing, New York, McGraw-Hill, 1984

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