Abstract

Obtaining high-quality images from physical systems, objects, and processes is fundamental for a myriad of areas of science and technology. However, in many situations, the measured images contain defects and/or are accompanied by noise, degrading the quality of the measurement. Recently, a variant of the well-known Talbot self-imaging effect has been shown to redistribute the energy of a spatially periodic collection of images, obtaining output images with increased energy with respect to the input ones. In this work we experimentally demonstrate that such an energy redistribution method has the unique capabilities of increasing the coherent energy level of a periodic set of images over that of the incoherent noise, even allowing images completely buried under noise to be recovered. We further demonstrate that the process can mitigate potential faults of the periodic image structure, including blocked images, spatial jitter, and coherent noise, offering important enhancements (e.g., in regards to the quality of the recovered individual images) in the self-healing capabilities of Talbot self-imaging.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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Supplementary Material (2)

NameDescription
Visualization 1       Experimental demonstration of spatial Talbot amplification.
Visualization 2       Experimental demonstration of spatial Talbot amplification of a periodic binary amplitude grating, where the original image is completely covered by white noise.

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