Abstract

Photoacoustic tomographic (PAT) image reconstruction with apodized sensors is discussed. A Gaussian function was used to model axisymmetric apodization of sensors, and its full width at half-maximum (FWHM) was varied to investigate the role of apodization on the PAT image reconstruction. The well-known conventional delay-and-sum (CDAS) algorithm and recently developed modified delay-and-sum (MDAS) algorithm were implemented to generate reconstructed images. The performances of these algorithms were examined by comparing simulated images formed by these methods and that of ideal point detectors. Simulations in two dimensions were conducted using the k-Wave toolbox for three different phantoms. The results produced by the CDAS method are very close to that of ideal point detectors when the FWHM of the Gaussian function is small. The MDAS algorithm for flat sensors provides excellent results (comparable to that of point detectors) when the FWHM of the Gaussian profile is large. This study elucidates how sensor apodization affects PAT image reconstruction.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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