We introduce a new representation of coherent laser beams that are usually described in circular cylindrical coordinates. This representation is based on the decomposition of a laser beam of a given azimuthal order into beams exhibiting Cartesian symmetry. These beams, which we call constituent waves, diffract along only one of their transverse dimensions and propagate noncollinearly with the propagation axis. A cylindrically symmetric laser beam is then considered a coherent superposition of constituent waves and is represented by an integral over an angular variable. Such a representation allows for the introduction of the propagation factor , defined in terms of one-dimensional root-mean-square (rms) quantities, in the treatment of two-dimensional beams. The representation naturally leads to the definition of a new rms parameter that we call the quality factor Q. It is shown that the quality factor defines in quantitative terms the nondiffracting character of a laser beam. The representation is first applied to characterize Laguerre–Gauss beams in terms of these one-dimensional rms parameters. This analysis reveals an asymptotic link between Laguerre–Gauss beams and one-dimensional Hermite–Gauss beams in the limit of high azimuthal orders. The representation is also applied to Bessel–Gauss beams and demonstrates the geometrical and one-dimensional characters of the Bessel–Gauss beams that propagate in a nondiffracting regime. By using two separate rms parameters, Q and , our approach gives an alternative way to describe laser beam propagation that is especially well suited to characterize Bessel-type nondiffracting beams.
© 2005 Optical Society of AmericaFull Article | PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Guy Rousseau, David Gay, and Michel Piché
Opt. Express 13(19) 7589-7598 (2005)
Miguel A. Porras, Riccardo Borghi, and Massimo Santarsiero
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18(1) 177-184 (2001)
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11(12) 3224-3228 (1994)