Abstract

This paper proposes applying Walsh–Hadamard transform spreading (WHTS) in conjunction with space-division multiple access (SDMA) in an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) system to provide enhanced multi-user downlink capability in visible light communication (VLC) scenarios. VLC environments are characterized by strong interference from the emissions of adjacent lamps. Thus, SDMA-OFDM schemes can be applied to enable multi-user capability while ensuring a highly efficient use of the limited available bandwidth. However, these SDMA-OFDM systems can only provide multiple access for a small number of users whenever there is enough channel diversity to separate the users’ information. This is the case, for example, when each single user is associated with a specific emitting lamp and angle-diversity receiving techniques are applied. However, to accommodate a greater number of users requires a user’s distribution in the frequency domain. In this sense, the proposed Walsh–Hadamard transform spreading scheme provides a fair assignment of the available subcarriers among the different users leading to an identical throughput and bit error rate (BER) for users allocated to the same emitting lamp. This BER is also controllable by means of an adaptive throughput mechanism. The numerical results show that the proposed adaptive WHTS-assisted SDMA-OFDM system in a full-user scenario presents a similar performance to that of an adaptive SDMA-OFDM system irrespective of the number of users per lamp, while providing enhanced multi-user capability. Finally, an adaptive algorithm for resource allocation is evaluated, demonstrating a high degree of satisfaction (regarding demanded data rates) when large numbers of users are simultaneously served.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
User-centric quality of experience optimized resource allocation algorithm in VLC network with multi-color LED

Xu Bao, Xinxin Gu, and Wence Zhang
Opt. Express 26(21) 27826-27841 (2018)

Hybrid Visible Light and Power Line Communication for Indoor Multiuser Downlink

Hao Ma, Lutz Lampe, and Steve Hranilovic
J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 9(8) 635-647 (2017)

Smart LED allocation scheme for efficient multiuser visible light communication networks

Atul Sewaiwar, Samrat Vikramaditya Tiwari, and Yeon Ho Chung
Opt. Express 23(10) 13015-13024 (2015)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (10)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (3)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (25)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription