Abstract

An asymmetric dual Mach–Zehnder interferometry (ADMZI) design is proposed to achieve distributed fiber vibration sensing at long range. In this structure, we utilized two distributed feedback laser beams and dense wavelength-division multiplexing to significantly reduce the influence of Rayleigh backscattering noise, which will seriously deteriorate the signal noise ratio (SNR) in traditional dual Mach–Zehnder interferometer (DMZI) sensor. At the sensing length of 61 km, the SNR achieved using the ADMZI design is 20 dB higher than that using the DMZI design. Using a positioning algorithm based on the time–frequency analysis, the positioning mean square error can reach 52.5 m at this distance.

© 2016 IEEE

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