Abstract

This paper presents a feasibility study of optical interconnections using surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) as coherent carrier waves in a silicon-based electrical circuit. A gold film plasmonic waveguide and a gold/silicon Schottky-type plasmonic detector were monolithically integrated with an electrical circuit based on metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistors on a silicon substrate. A 1550-nm-band laser source was used for SPP excitation, and the photocurrent generated by the plasmonic detector was amplified 16 000 times by the monolithically integrated electrical circuit after SPPs carrying the optical intensity signal propagated over the gold film surface for a distance of 100 μm. The integrated circuit detected an optical beat signal by using a delayed self-homodyne technique, thus demonstrating that SPPs can be used as coherent carrier waves in the circuit. Additionally, optical amplitude- and frequency-modulated signal transmission in a gold film plasmonic waveguide and optical heterodyne detection by amplification of the signal intensity in a gold/silicon Schottky-type plasmonic detector were also demonstrated.

© 2015 IEEE

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