Abstract

This paper serves to highlight the gains in SNR margin and/or data capacity that can be achieved through a proper optimization of the transceiver parameters, for example, launch power, modulation format, and channel allocation. A simple quality of transmission estimator is described that allows a rapid estimation of the signal quality based on ASE noise and nonlinear interference utilizing the Gaussian noise model. The quality of transmission estimator was used to optimize the SNR and maximise the data throughput of transmission signals in a point-to-point link by adjusting the launch power and modulation format. In a three-node network, the launch power and channel allocation were adjusted to minimise the overall effect of nonlinear interference. This paper goes on to show that by optimizing the transceiver modulation format as part of the channel allocation and routing problem gains in network data throughput can be achieved for the 14-node NSF mesh network.

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2014 (4)

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtaif, “Accumulation of nonlinear interference noise in fiber-optic systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 14 199–14 211, 2014.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “EGN model of non-linear fiber propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 13, pp. 16335–16362, 2014.

D. A. A. Mello, A. N. Barreto, T. C. de Lima, T. F. Portela, L. Beygi, and J. M. Kahn, “Optical networking with variable-code-rate transceivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 257–266, 2014.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 694–721, 2014.

2013 (1)

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtaif, “Properties of nonlinear noise in long, dispersion-uncompensated fiber links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 22, pp. 25685–25699, 2013.

2012 (4)

H. Y. Choi, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “BER-adaptive flexible-format transmitter for elastic optical networks,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 17, pp. 18 652–18 658, 2012.

H. Cukurtepe, M. Tornatore, A. Yayimli, and B. Mukherjee, “Impairment-aware lightpath provisioning in mixed line rate networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Adv. Netw. Telecommun. Syst., 2012, pp. 18–23.

P. Poggiolini, “The GN model of non-linear propagation in uncompensated coherent optical systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 24, pp. 3857–3879, 2012.

F. Vacondio, O. Rival, C. Simonneau, E. Grellier, A. Bononi, L. Lorcy, J.-C. Antona, and S. Bigo, “On nonlinear distortions of highly dispersive optical coherent systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1022–1032, 2012.

2010 (4)

A. Nag, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Optical network design with mixed line rates and multiple modulation formats,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 466–475, 2010.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Real-Time software-defined multiformat transmitter generating 64QAM at 28 GBd,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 21, pp. 1601–1603, 2010.

S. K. Korotky, R.-J. Essiambre, and R. W. Tkach, “Expectations of optical network traffic gain afforded by bit rate adaptive transmission,” Bell Labs Tech. J., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 285–295, 2010.

2009 (1)

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, 2009.

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

P. K. Vitthaladevuni, M.-S. Alouini, and J. Kieffer, “Exact BER computation for cross QAM constellations,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 3039–3050, 2005.

2002 (1)

K. Cho and D. Yoon, “On the general BER expression of one- and two-dimensional amplitude modulations,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 1074–1080, 2002.

1997 (1)

S. Baroni and P. Bayvel, “Wavelength requirements in arbitrarily connected wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 242–251, 1997.

1996 (2)

D. Banerjee and B. Mukherjee, “A practical approach for routing and wavelength assignment in large wavelength-routed optical networks,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 903–908, 1996.

N. Wauters and P. Demeester, “Design of the optical path layer in multiwavelength cross-connected networks,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 881–892, 1996.

1990 (1)

1964 (1)

H. Kogelnik and A. Yariv, “Considerations of noise and schemes for its reduction in laser amplifiers,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 165–172, 1964.

1949 (1)

C. E. Shannon, “Communication in the presence of noise,” Proc. Inst. Radio Eng., vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 10–21, 1949.

Alouini, M.-S.

P. K. Vitthaladevuni, M.-S. Alouini, and J. Kieffer, “Exact BER computation for cross QAM constellations,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 3039–3050, 2005.

Antona, J.-C.

F. Vacondio, O. Rival, C. Simonneau, E. Grellier, A. Bononi, L. Lorcy, J.-C. Antona, and S. Bigo, “On nonlinear distortions of highly dispersive optical coherent systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1022–1032, 2012.

Banerjee, D.

D. Banerjee and B. Mukherjee, “A practical approach for routing and wavelength assignment in large wavelength-routed optical networks,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 903–908, 1996.

Baroni, S.

S. Baroni and P. Bayvel, “Wavelength requirements in arbitrarily connected wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 242–251, 1997.

Barreto, A. N.

D. A. A. Mello, A. N. Barreto, T. C. de Lima, T. F. Portela, L. Beygi, and J. M. Kahn, “Optical networking with variable-code-rate transceivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 257–266, 2014.

Bayvel, P.

S. Baroni and P. Bayvel, “Wavelength requirements in arbitrarily connected wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 242–251, 1997.

D. J. Ives, P. Bayvel, and S. J. Savory, “Physical layer transmitter and routing optimization to maximize the traffic throughput of a nonlinear optical mesh network,” in Proc. Opt. Netw. Design Model., Stockholm, Sweden, 2014, pp. 168–173.

Becker, J.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Real-Time software-defined multiformat transmitter generating 64QAM at 28 GBd,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 21, pp. 1601–1603, 2010.

Beygi, L.

D. A. A. Mello, A. N. Barreto, T. C. de Lima, T. F. Portela, L. Beygi, and J. M. Kahn, “Optical networking with variable-code-rate transceivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 257–266, 2014.

Bigo, S.

F. Vacondio, O. Rival, C. Simonneau, E. Grellier, A. Bononi, L. Lorcy, J.-C. Antona, and S. Bigo, “On nonlinear distortions of highly dispersive optical coherent systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1022–1032, 2012.

Bononi, A.

F. Vacondio, O. Rival, C. Simonneau, E. Grellier, A. Bononi, L. Lorcy, J.-C. Antona, and S. Bigo, “On nonlinear distortions of highly dispersive optical coherent systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1022–1032, 2012.

Bosco, G.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “EGN model of non-linear fiber propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 13, pp. 16335–16362, 2014.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 694–721, 2014.

A. Carena and G. Bosco, “Impact of the transmitted signal initial dispersion transient on the accuracy of the GN-model of non-linear propagation,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Expo. Opt. Commun., London, U.K., 2013, Paper Th.1.D.4.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, R. Cigliutti, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, R. Pastorelli, and S. Piciaccia, “The LOGON Strategy for low-complexity control plane implementation in new-generation flexible networks,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013, Paper OW1H.3.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, M. T. Taiba, and F. Forghieri, “Statistical characterization of PM-QPSK signals after propagation in uncompensated fiber links,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Sep. 2010, Paper P4.07.

Carena, A.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 694–721, 2014.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “EGN model of non-linear fiber propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 13, pp. 16335–16362, 2014.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, R. Cigliutti, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, R. Pastorelli, and S. Piciaccia, “The LOGON Strategy for low-complexity control plane implementation in new-generation flexible networks,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013, Paper OW1H.3.

A. Carena and G. Bosco, “Impact of the transmitted signal initial dispersion transient on the accuracy of the GN-model of non-linear propagation,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Expo. Opt. Commun., London, U.K., 2013, Paper Th.1.D.4.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, M. T. Taiba, and F. Forghieri, “Statistical characterization of PM-QPSK signals after propagation in uncompensated fiber links,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Sep. 2010, Paper P4.07.

Cho, K.

K. Cho and D. Yoon, “On the general BER expression of one- and two-dimensional amplitude modulations,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 1074–1080, 2002.

Choi, H. Y.

H. Y. Choi, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “BER-adaptive flexible-format transmitter for elastic optical networks,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 17, pp. 18 652–18 658, 2012.

Cigliutti, R.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, R. Cigliutti, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, R. Pastorelli, and S. Piciaccia, “The LOGON Strategy for low-complexity control plane implementation in new-generation flexible networks,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013, Paper OW1H.3.

Cukurtepe, H.

H. Cukurtepe, M. Tornatore, A. Yayimli, and B. Mukherjee, “Impairment-aware lightpath provisioning in mixed line rate networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Adv. Netw. Telecommun. Syst., 2012, pp. 18–23.

Curri, V.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 694–721, 2014.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “EGN model of non-linear fiber propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 13, pp. 16335–16362, 2014.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, R. Cigliutti, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, R. Pastorelli, and S. Piciaccia, “The LOGON Strategy for low-complexity control plane implementation in new-generation flexible networks,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013, Paper OW1H.3.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, M. T. Taiba, and F. Forghieri, “Statistical characterization of PM-QPSK signals after propagation in uncompensated fiber links,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Sep. 2010, Paper P4.07.

Dar, R.

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtaif, “Accumulation of nonlinear interference noise in fiber-optic systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 14 199–14 211, 2014.

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtaif, “Properties of nonlinear noise in long, dispersion-uncompensated fiber links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 22, pp. 25685–25699, 2013.

de Lima, T. C.

D. A. A. Mello, A. N. Barreto, T. C. de Lima, T. F. Portela, L. Beygi, and J. M. Kahn, “Optical networking with variable-code-rate transceivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 257–266, 2014.

Demeester, P.

N. Wauters and P. Demeester, “Design of the optical path layer in multiwavelength cross-connected networks,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 881–892, 1996.

Dreschmann, M.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Real-Time software-defined multiformat transmitter generating 64QAM at 28 GBd,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 21, pp. 1601–1603, 2010.

Essiambre, R.-J.

S. K. Korotky, R.-J. Essiambre, and R. W. Tkach, “Expectations of optical network traffic gain afforded by bit rate adaptive transmission,” Bell Labs Tech. J., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 285–295, 2010.

Feder, M.

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtaif, “Accumulation of nonlinear interference noise in fiber-optic systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 14 199–14 211, 2014.

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtaif, “Properties of nonlinear noise in long, dispersion-uncompensated fiber links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 22, pp. 25685–25699, 2013.

Forghieri, F.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “EGN model of non-linear fiber propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 13, pp. 16335–16362, 2014.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 694–721, 2014.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, R. Cigliutti, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, R. Pastorelli, and S. Piciaccia, “The LOGON Strategy for low-complexity control plane implementation in new-generation flexible networks,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013, Paper OW1H.3.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, M. T. Taiba, and F. Forghieri, “Statistical characterization of PM-QPSK signals after propagation in uncompensated fiber links,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Sep. 2010, Paper P4.07.

Freude, W.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Real-Time software-defined multiformat transmitter generating 64QAM at 28 GBd,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 21, pp. 1601–1603, 2010.

Grellier, E.

F. Vacondio, O. Rival, C. Simonneau, E. Grellier, A. Bononi, L. Lorcy, J.-C. Antona, and S. Bigo, “On nonlinear distortions of highly dispersive optical coherent systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1022–1032, 2012.

Hillerkuss, D.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Real-Time software-defined multiformat transmitter generating 64QAM at 28 GBd,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 21, pp. 1601–1603, 2010.

Hirano, A.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.

Huebner, M.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Real-Time software-defined multiformat transmitter generating 64QAM at 28 GBd,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 21, pp. 1601–1603, 2010.

Ives, D. J.

D. J. Ives and S. J. Savory, “Transmitter optimized optical networks,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2013, Paper JW2A.64.

D. J. Ives, P. Bayvel, and S. J. Savory, “Physical layer transmitter and routing optimization to maximize the traffic throughput of a nonlinear optical mesh network,” in Proc. Opt. Netw. Design Model., Stockholm, Sweden, 2014, pp. 168–173.

Jiang, Y.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 694–721, 2014.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “EGN model of non-linear fiber propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 13, pp. 16335–16362, 2014.

Jinno, M.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, 2009.

B. Kozicki, H. Takara, Y. Sone, A. Watanabe, and M. Jinno, “Distance-Adaptive spectrum allocation in elastic optical path network (SLICE) with bit per symbol adjustment,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OMU3.

Kahn, J. M.

D. A. A. Mello, A. N. Barreto, T. C. de Lima, T. F. Portela, L. Beygi, and J. M. Kahn, “Optical networking with variable-code-rate transceivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 257–266, 2014.

Kieffer, J.

P. K. Vitthaladevuni, M.-S. Alouini, and J. Kieffer, “Exact BER computation for cross QAM constellations,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 3039–3050, 2005.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik and A. Yariv, “Considerations of noise and schemes for its reduction in laser amplifiers,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 165–172, 1964.

Koos, C.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Real-Time software-defined multiformat transmitter generating 64QAM at 28 GBd,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 21, pp. 1601–1603, 2010.

Korotky, S. K.

S. K. Korotky, R.-J. Essiambre, and R. W. Tkach, “Expectations of optical network traffic gain afforded by bit rate adaptive transmission,” Bell Labs Tech. J., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 285–295, 2010.

S. K. Korotky and K. N. Oikonomou, “Scaling of the most likely traffic patterns of hose- and cost-constrained ring and mesh networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 550–563, 2008.

Kozicki, B.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, 2009.

B. Kozicki, H. Takara, Y. Sone, A. Watanabe, and M. Jinno, “Distance-Adaptive spectrum allocation in elastic optical path network (SLICE) with bit per symbol adjustment,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OMU3.

Kurtske, C.

A. Splett, C. Kurtske, and K. Petermann, “Ultimate transmission capacity of amplified optical fiber communication systems taking into account fiber nonlinearities,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., Montreux, Switzerland, 1993, Paper MoC2.4.

Laperle, C.

K. Roberts and C. Laperle, “Flexible Transceivers,” presented at the 38th Eur. Conf. Expo. Opt. Commun., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2012, Paper We.3.A.3.

Leuthold, J.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Real-Time software-defined multiformat transmitter generating 64QAM at 28 GBd,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 21, pp. 1601–1603, 2010.

Lorcy, L.

F. Vacondio, O. Rival, C. Simonneau, E. Grellier, A. Bononi, L. Lorcy, J.-C. Antona, and S. Bigo, “On nonlinear distortions of highly dispersive optical coherent systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1022–1032, 2012.

Matsuoka, S.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, 2009.

Mecozzi, A.

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtaif, “Accumulation of nonlinear interference noise in fiber-optic systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 14 199–14 211, 2014.

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtaif, “Properties of nonlinear noise in long, dispersion-uncompensated fiber links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 22, pp. 25685–25699, 2013.

Mello, D. A. A.

D. A. A. Mello, A. N. Barreto, T. C. de Lima, T. F. Portela, L. Beygi, and J. M. Kahn, “Optical networking with variable-code-rate transceivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 257–266, 2014.

Meyer, J.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Real-Time software-defined multiformat transmitter generating 64QAM at 28 GBd,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 21, pp. 1601–1603, 2010.

Mitra, P. P.

P. P. Mitra and J. B. Stark, “Nonlinear limits to the information capacity of optical fibre communications.” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6841, pp. 1027–1030, 2001.

Morita, I.

H. Y. Choi, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “BER-adaptive flexible-format transmitter for elastic optical networks,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 17, pp. 18 652–18 658, 2012.

Mukherjee, B.

H. Cukurtepe, M. Tornatore, A. Yayimli, and B. Mukherjee, “Impairment-aware lightpath provisioning in mixed line rate networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Adv. Netw. Telecommun. Syst., 2012, pp. 18–23.

A. Nag, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Optical network design with mixed line rates and multiple modulation formats,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 466–475, 2010.

D. Banerjee and B. Mukherjee, “A practical approach for routing and wavelength assignment in large wavelength-routed optical networks,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 903–908, 1996.

A. Nag, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Power management in mixed line rate optical networks,” presented at the Integr. Photon. Res. Silicon Nanophoton. Switching , Monterey, CA, USA, Paper PTuB4.

Nag, A.

A. Nag, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Optical network design with mixed line rates and multiple modulation formats,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 466–475, 2010.

A. Nag, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Power management in mixed line rate optical networks,” presented at the Integr. Photon. Res. Silicon Nanophoton. Switching , Monterey, CA, USA, Paper PTuB4.

Nebendahl, B.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Real-Time software-defined multiformat transmitter generating 64QAM at 28 GBd,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 21, pp. 1601–1603, 2010.

Oikonomou, K. N.

Pastorelli, R.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, R. Cigliutti, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, R. Pastorelli, and S. Piciaccia, “The LOGON Strategy for low-complexity control plane implementation in new-generation flexible networks,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013, Paper OW1H.3.

Petermann, K.

A. Splett, C. Kurtske, and K. Petermann, “Ultimate transmission capacity of amplified optical fiber communication systems taking into account fiber nonlinearities,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., Montreux, Switzerland, 1993, Paper MoC2.4.

Piciaccia, S.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, R. Cigliutti, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, R. Pastorelli, and S. Piciaccia, “The LOGON Strategy for low-complexity control plane implementation in new-generation flexible networks,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013, Paper OW1H.3.

Poggiolini, P.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “EGN model of non-linear fiber propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 13, pp. 16335–16362, 2014.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 694–721, 2014.

P. Poggiolini, “The GN model of non-linear propagation in uncompensated coherent optical systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 24, pp. 3857–3879, 2012.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, M. T. Taiba, and F. Forghieri, “Statistical characterization of PM-QPSK signals after propagation in uncompensated fiber links,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Sep. 2010, Paper P4.07.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, R. Cigliutti, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, R. Pastorelli, and S. Piciaccia, “The LOGON Strategy for low-complexity control plane implementation in new-generation flexible networks,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013, Paper OW1H.3.

Portela, T. F.

D. A. A. Mello, A. N. Barreto, T. C. de Lima, T. F. Portela, L. Beygi, and J. M. Kahn, “Optical networking with variable-code-rate transceivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 257–266, 2014.

Ramaswami, R.

R. Ramaswami and K. Sivarajan, “Design of logical topologies for wavelength-routed all-optical networks,” presented at the IEEE Conf. Comput. Commun., Boston, MA, USA, Apr. 1995, Paper 10c.4.1.

Rival, O.

F. Vacondio, O. Rival, C. Simonneau, E. Grellier, A. Bononi, L. Lorcy, J.-C. Antona, and S. Bigo, “On nonlinear distortions of highly dispersive optical coherent systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1022–1032, 2012.

Roberts, K.

K. Roberts and C. Laperle, “Flexible Transceivers,” presented at the 38th Eur. Conf. Expo. Opt. Commun., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2012, Paper We.3.A.3.

Savory, S. J.

D. J. Ives and S. J. Savory, “Transmitter optimized optical networks,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2013, Paper JW2A.64.

D. J. Ives, P. Bayvel, and S. J. Savory, “Physical layer transmitter and routing optimization to maximize the traffic throughput of a nonlinear optical mesh network,” in Proc. Opt. Netw. Design Model., Stockholm, Sweden, 2014, pp. 168–173.

Schmogrow, R.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Real-Time software-defined multiformat transmitter generating 64QAM at 28 GBd,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 21, pp. 1601–1603, 2010.

Shannon, C. E.

C. E. Shannon, “Communication in the presence of noise,” Proc. Inst. Radio Eng., vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 10–21, 1949.

Shtaif, M.

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtaif, “Accumulation of nonlinear interference noise in fiber-optic systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 14 199–14 211, 2014.

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtaif, “Properties of nonlinear noise in long, dispersion-uncompensated fiber links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 22, pp. 25685–25699, 2013.

Simonneau, C.

F. Vacondio, O. Rival, C. Simonneau, E. Grellier, A. Bononi, L. Lorcy, J.-C. Antona, and S. Bigo, “On nonlinear distortions of highly dispersive optical coherent systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1022–1032, 2012.

Sivarajan, K.

R. Ramaswami and K. Sivarajan, “Design of logical topologies for wavelength-routed all-optical networks,” presented at the IEEE Conf. Comput. Commun., Boston, MA, USA, Apr. 1995, Paper 10c.4.1.

Snyder, J. P.

J. P. Snyder, “Map Projections—A Working Manual,” U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1395, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C., USA, 1987.

Sone, Y.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, 2009.

B. Kozicki, H. Takara, Y. Sone, A. Watanabe, and M. Jinno, “Distance-Adaptive spectrum allocation in elastic optical path network (SLICE) with bit per symbol adjustment,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OMU3.

Splett, A.

A. Splett, C. Kurtske, and K. Petermann, “Ultimate transmission capacity of amplified optical fiber communication systems taking into account fiber nonlinearities,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., Montreux, Switzerland, 1993, Paper MoC2.4.

Stark, J. B.

P. P. Mitra and J. B. Stark, “Nonlinear limits to the information capacity of optical fibre communications.” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6841, pp. 1027–1030, 2001.

Taiba, M. T.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, M. T. Taiba, and F. Forghieri, “Statistical characterization of PM-QPSK signals after propagation in uncompensated fiber links,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Sep. 2010, Paper P4.07.

Takara, H.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, 2009.

B. Kozicki, H. Takara, Y. Sone, A. Watanabe, and M. Jinno, “Distance-Adaptive spectrum allocation in elastic optical path network (SLICE) with bit per symbol adjustment,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OMU3.

Tanaka, T.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.

Tkach, R. W.

S. K. Korotky, R.-J. Essiambre, and R. W. Tkach, “Expectations of optical network traffic gain afforded by bit rate adaptive transmission,” Bell Labs Tech. J., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 285–295, 2010.

Tornatore, M.

H. Cukurtepe, M. Tornatore, A. Yayimli, and B. Mukherjee, “Impairment-aware lightpath provisioning in mixed line rate networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Adv. Netw. Telecommun. Syst., 2012, pp. 18–23.

A. Nag, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Optical network design with mixed line rates and multiple modulation formats,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 466–475, 2010.

A. Nag, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Power management in mixed line rate optical networks,” presented at the Integr. Photon. Res. Silicon Nanophoton. Switching , Monterey, CA, USA, Paper PTuB4.

Tsukishima, Y.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, 2009.

Tsuritani, T.

H. Y. Choi, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “BER-adaptive flexible-format transmitter for elastic optical networks,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 17, pp. 18 652–18 658, 2012.

Vacondio, F.

F. Vacondio, O. Rival, C. Simonneau, E. Grellier, A. Bononi, L. Lorcy, J.-C. Antona, and S. Bigo, “On nonlinear distortions of highly dispersive optical coherent systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1022–1032, 2012.

Vitthaladevuni, P. K.

P. K. Vitthaladevuni, M.-S. Alouini, and J. Kieffer, “Exact BER computation for cross QAM constellations,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 3039–3050, 2005.

Watanabe, A.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.

B. Kozicki, H. Takara, Y. Sone, A. Watanabe, and M. Jinno, “Distance-Adaptive spectrum allocation in elastic optical path network (SLICE) with bit per symbol adjustment,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OMU3.

Wauters, N.

N. Wauters and P. Demeester, “Design of the optical path layer in multiwavelength cross-connected networks,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 881–892, 1996.

Winter, M.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Real-Time software-defined multiformat transmitter generating 64QAM at 28 GBd,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 21, pp. 1601–1603, 2010.

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, “Signal-to-noise considerations in fiber links with periodic or distributed optical amplification,” Opt. Lett., vol. 15, no. 19, pp. 1064–1066, 1990.

H. Kogelnik and A. Yariv, “Considerations of noise and schemes for its reduction in laser amplifiers,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 165–172, 1964.

Yayimli, A.

H. Cukurtepe, M. Tornatore, A. Yayimli, and B. Mukherjee, “Impairment-aware lightpath provisioning in mixed line rate networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Adv. Netw. Telecommun. Syst., 2012, pp. 18–23.

Yoon, D.

K. Cho and D. Yoon, “On the general BER expression of one- and two-dimensional amplitude modulations,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 1074–1080, 2002.

Bell Labs Tech. J. (1)

S. K. Korotky, R.-J. Essiambre, and R. W. Tkach, “Expectations of optical network traffic gain afforded by bit rate adaptive transmission,” Bell Labs Tech. J., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 285–295, 2010.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, 2009.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.

IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. (2)

D. Banerjee and B. Mukherjee, “A practical approach for routing and wavelength assignment in large wavelength-routed optical networks,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 903–908, 1996.

N. Wauters and P. Demeester, “Design of the optical path layer in multiwavelength cross-connected networks,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 881–892, 1996.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Real-Time software-defined multiformat transmitter generating 64QAM at 28 GBd,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 21, pp. 1601–1603, 2010.

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

K. Cho and D. Yoon, “On the general BER expression of one- and two-dimensional amplitude modulations,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 1074–1080, 2002.

IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. (1)

P. K. Vitthaladevuni, M.-S. Alouini, and J. Kieffer, “Exact BER computation for cross QAM constellations,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 3039–3050, 2005.

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

D. A. A. Mello, A. N. Barreto, T. C. de Lima, T. F. Portela, L. Beygi, and J. M. Kahn, “Optical networking with variable-code-rate transceivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 257–266, 2014.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 694–721, 2014.

S. Baroni and P. Bayvel, “Wavelength requirements in arbitrarily connected wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 242–251, 1997.

A. Nag, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Optical network design with mixed line rates and multiple modulation formats,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 466–475, 2010.

P. Poggiolini, “The GN model of non-linear propagation in uncompensated coherent optical systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 24, pp. 3857–3879, 2012.

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Exp. (5)

H. Y. Choi, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “BER-adaptive flexible-format transmitter for elastic optical networks,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 17, pp. 18 652–18 658, 2012.

F. Vacondio, O. Rival, C. Simonneau, E. Grellier, A. Bononi, L. Lorcy, J.-C. Antona, and S. Bigo, “On nonlinear distortions of highly dispersive optical coherent systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1022–1032, 2012.

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtaif, “Properties of nonlinear noise in long, dispersion-uncompensated fiber links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 22, pp. 25685–25699, 2013.

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtaif, “Accumulation of nonlinear interference noise in fiber-optic systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 14 199–14 211, 2014.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “EGN model of non-linear fiber propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 13, pp. 16335–16362, 2014.

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

H. Kogelnik and A. Yariv, “Considerations of noise and schemes for its reduction in laser amplifiers,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 165–172, 1964.

Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Adv. Netw. Telecommun. Syst. (1)

H. Cukurtepe, M. Tornatore, A. Yayimli, and B. Mukherjee, “Impairment-aware lightpath provisioning in mixed line rate networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Adv. Netw. Telecommun. Syst., 2012, pp. 18–23.

Proc. Inst. Radio Eng. (1)

C. E. Shannon, “Communication in the presence of noise,” Proc. Inst. Radio Eng., vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 10–21, 1949.

Other (17)

A. Nag, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Power management in mixed line rate optical networks,” presented at the Integr. Photon. Res. Silicon Nanophoton. Switching , Monterey, CA, USA, Paper PTuB4.

D. J. Ives and S. J. Savory, “Transmitter optimized optical networks,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2013, Paper JW2A.64.

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