Abstract

Dynamic coded x-ray tomosynthesis (CXT) uses a set of encoded x-ray sources to interrogate objects lying on a moving conveyor mechanism. The object is reconstructed from the encoded measurements received by the uniform linear array detectors. We propose a multi-objective optimization (MO) method for structured illuminations to balance the reconstruction quality and radiation dose in a dynamic CXT system. The MO framework is established based on a dynamic sensing geometry with binary coding masks. The Strength Pareto Evolutionary Algorithm 2 is used to solve the MO problem by jointly optimizing the coding masks, locations of x-ray sources, and exposure moments. Computational experiments are implemented to assess the proposed MO method. They show that the proposed strategy can obtain a set of Pareto optimal solutions with different levels of radiation dose and better reconstruction quality than the initial setting.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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