Abstract

Digital holographic microscopy is becoming increasingly useful for the analysis of marine plankton. In this study, we investigate autofocusing and image fusion in digital holographic microscopy. We propose an area metric autofocusing method and an improved wavelet-based image fusion method. In the area metric autofocusing method, a hologram image is initially segmented into several plankton regions for focus plane detection, and an area metric is then applied to these regions. In the improved wavelet-based image fusion method, a marked map is introduced for labeling each plankton region with the order of refocus plane images that accounts for the most pixels. The results indicate that the area metric autofocusing method applied to each plankton region provides a higher depth resolution accuracy than a number of general autofocusing methods, and the mean accuracy increases by approximately 33%. The improved wavelet-based image fusion method can fuse more than nine reconstructed plane images at a time and effectively eliminate fringes and speckle noise, and the fused image is much clearer than that of a general wavelet-based method, a sparse decomposition method, and a pulse-coupled neural networks method. This work has practical value for plankton imaging using digital holographic microscopy.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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Supplementary Material (2)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       A video of fast-moving Chattonella Marina captured by experimental setup
» Visualization 2       A numerical reconstruction of Chattonella Marina by the angular-spectrum method

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